Emily Dickinson Lexicon
Lexicon: arduous – aristocrat
arduous, adj. [L. ardu-us, high, steep, difficult.]
Difficult; trying; hard; taxing; laborious; exhausting; draining; strenuous; tiring; exacting; demanding.
are, v. [L. es-, be, exist.] Suppletion form of the verb “be”; the plural present tense form.
- [Auxiliary verb for the progressive] continue.
- [Used for the copula with an adjective] appear; look.
- [Used for the lexical verb, indicating location or existence] live; dwell; exist.
- [Auxiliary verb for the passive voice.]
- [Linking verb with a verbal adjective in participle form.]
area, n. [L. ārea, vacant piece of level ground in a town.]
- Size; geometric measurement of the total space within lines; [fig.] emotional capacity; ability to withstand stress.
- Region; expanse; spread; range; scope.
argent, adj. [Fr. < L. argentum, white money, silver.]
Silvery; sparkling; glowing with light; [fig.] starlit; astral.
argue (-d, -s), v. [Fr. < L. argu-ěre, make clear, prove, assert, accuse, blame.] (webplay: belief, conclusions, controvertist, heads, known, man, proof, reasons, truth).
- Discuss; assert; contend; debate; insist; refute; contradict; rebut; disagree verbally.
- Prove to; show to; make clear to ; give evidence to.
argument (-s), n. [see argue, v.] (webplay: arch, first, unknown).
- Copious phrase; profuse expression; [fig.] eloquence; silver-tongued melody.
- Evidence; deposition; proof; statement; testimony; witness; [fig.] shining; silvery light; [NW] “In astronomy, an arch by which we seek another unknown arch.”
arid, adj. [L. ārid-us, dry, parched with thirst.]
Dry; thirsty; scorched; barren; exhausted of moisture; parched with heat; [fig.] wry; ironic; warped; sardonic; [fig.] tedious; drab; dull; monotonous.
arise (arose), v. [Germanic a, up, out, away + rise, ascend.] (webplay: assault, awake, death, getting up, God, head, hearts, leave, men, new, place, power, put, rise, scattered, sense, small, sun, up).
- Activate; become animated; come to life.
- Swell up; surge; begin to grow; start to intensify.
- Occur; ensue; develop; unfold; transpire.
- Appear to go up, as the sun at dawn; move forward and upward from dawn to noon; [fig.] build up to a climax, as in a drama.
- Depart from rest; begin to act; [word play] go up; fly upward.
- Begin to sound; become audible; start up; issue forth.
- Ascend; emanate; emerge; materialize; move to a higher place, like vapors.
- [Personification] get worn as a scarf; be placed upon the head.
aristocracy, n. [L. < Gk 'best rule'.]
Nobility; gentility; upper class; superiority; high level of living; [possible word play on “arise”] social climbing to a higher status.
aristocrat, n. [see aristocracy, n.]
Gentlewoman; patrician; privileged person; someone expecting to be treated as superior; [fig.] creature that arises rapidly, possibly a butterfly.