Emily Dickinson Lexicon
Dictionary: A-FAR' – AF-FEC'TION-ED
A-FAR', adv. [a and far. See Far.]
- At a distance in place; to or from a distance; used with from preceding, or off following; as, he was seen from afar; I saw him afar off.
- In Scripture, figuratively, estranged in affection; alienated. My kinsmen stand afar off. – Ps. xxxviii.
- Absent; not assisting. Why standest thou afar off, O Lord? – Ps. x.
- Not of the visible church. – Eph. ii.
A-FEARD', a. [Sax. aferan, to make afraid. Afeard is the participle passive. See Fear.]
Afraid, affected with fear or apprehension, in a more moderate degree than is expressed by terrified. It is followed by of, but no longer used in books, and even in popular use is deemed vulgar.
A weight used on the Guinea coast, equal to an ounce. The half of it is called eggeba. – Encyc.
AF-FA-BIL'I-TY, n. [See Affable.]
The quality of being affable; readiness to converse; civility and courteousness, in receiving others, and in conversation; condescension in manners. Affability of countenance is that mildness of aspect, which invites to free social intercourse.
AF'FA-BLE, a. [L. affabilis, of ad and fabulor. See Fable.]
- Easy of conversation; admitting others to free conversation without reserve; courteous; complaisant; of easy manners; condescending; usually applied to superiors; as, an affable prince.
- Applied to external appearance, affable denotes that combination of features which invites to conversation, and renders a person accessible, opposed to a forbidding aspect; mild; benign; as, an affable countenance.
In an affable manner; courteously; invitingly.
The moral of a fable. Knowles.
AF-FAIR', n. [Fr. affaire, from faire, to make or do; L. facere; Sp. hacer; It. fare. The primary sense of facio is to urge, drive, impel.]
- Business of any kind; that which is done, or is to be done, a word of very indefinite and undefinable signification. In the plural, it denotes transactions in general; as, human affairs; political or ecclesiastical affairs; also the business or concerns of an individual; as, his affairs are embarrassed.
- Matters; state; condition of business or concerns. I have sent that ye may know our affairs. – Eph. vi.
- In the singular, it is used for a private dispute, or duel; as, an affair of honor; and sometimes a partial engagement of troops. In the phrase, at the head of affairs, the word means, the public concerns of executing the laws, and administering the government. – Junius.
AF-FAM'ISH, v.t. [See Famish.]
AF-FECT', v.t. [L. afficio, affectum, of ad and facio, to make; L. affecto, to desire, from the same root. Affect is to make to, or upon, to press upon.]
- To act upon; to produce an effect or change upon; as, cold affects the body; loss affects our interests.
- To act upon, or move the passions; as, affected with grief.
- To aim at; aspire to; desire or entertain pretension to; as, to affect imperial sway. [See the etymology of Affair.]
- To tend to by natural affinity or disposition; as, the drops of a fluid affect a spherical form.
- To love, or regard with fondness. Think not that wars we love and strife affect. – Fairfax. [This sense closely allied to the third.]
- To make a show of; to attempt to imitate, in a manner not natural; to study the appearance of what is not natural, or real; as, to affect to be grave; affected friendship. It seems to have been used formerly for convict or attaint, as in Ayliffe's Parergon; but this sense is not now in use.
AF-FECT-A'TION, n. [L. affectatio.]
- An attempt to assume or exhibit what is not natural or real; false pretense; artificial appearance, or show; as, an affectation of wit, or of virtue.
- Fondness; affection. [Not used.] – Hooker. Hall.
- Impressed; moved, or touched, either in person or in interest; having suffered some change by external force, loss, danger, and the like; as, we are more or less affected by the failure of the bank.
- Touched in the feelings; having the feelings excited; as, affected with cold or heat.
- Having the passions moved; as, affected with sorrow or joy.
- adj. Inclined, or disposed; followed by to; as, well affected to government.
- adj. Given to false show; assuming, or pretending to possess what is not natural or real; as, an affected lady.
- adj. Assumed artificially; not natural; as, affected airs.
In an affected manner; hypocritically; with more show than reality; formally; studiously; unnaturally; as, to walk affectedly; affectedly civil.
The quality of being affected; affectation.
The state of being affectible.
That may be affected.
- Impressing; having an effect on; touching the feelings; moving the passions; attempting a false show; greatly desiring; aspiring to possess.
- adj. Having power to excite, or move the passions; tending to move the affections; pathetic; as, an affecting address. The most affecting music is generally the most simple. – Mitford.
In an affecting manner; in a manner to excite emotions.
- The state of being affected. [Little used.]
- Passion; but more generally,
- A bent of mind towards a particular object, holding a middle place between disposition, which is natural, and passion, which is excited by the presence of its exciting object. Affection is a permanent bent of the mind, formed by the presence of an object, or by some act of another person, and existing without the presence of its object. – Encyc.
- In a more particular sense, a settled good-will, love or zealous attachment; as, the affection of a parent for his child. It was formerly followed by to or toward, but is now more generally followed by for.
- Desire; inclination; propensity; good or evil; as, virtuous or vile affections. – Rom. i. Gal. 5.
- In a general sense, an attribute, quality or property, which is inseparable from its object; as, love, fear and hope are affections of the mind; figure, weight, &c., are affections of bodies.
- Among physicians, a disease, or any particular morbid state of the body; as, a gouty affection; hysteric affection.
- In painting, a lively representation of passion. Shakspeare uses the word for affectation; but this use is not legitimate.
AF-FEC'TION-ATE, a. [Fr. affectionné.]
- Having great love, or affection; fond; as, an affectionate brother.
- Warm in affection; zealous. Man, in his love to God, and desire to please him, can never be too affectionate. – Sprat.
- Proceeding from affection; indicating love; benevolent; tender; as, the affectionate care of a parent; an affectionate countenance.
- Inclined to; warmly attached. [Little used.] – Bacon.
With affection; fondly; tenderly; kindly. – 1 Thess. ii.
Fondness; good-will; affection.
- Disposed; having an affection of heart. Be kindly affectioned one to another. – Rom. xii.
- Affected; conceited. [Obs.] Shak.