Dictionary: BUT'WINK – BY'-CORN-ER

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A bird. – Johnson.

BUT-Y-RA'CEOUS, or BUT'Y-ROUS, a. [from butyrum, butter.]

Having the qualities of butter; resembling butter. – Encyc. Nicholson. Floyer.

BUX'I-NA, or BUX'INE, n.

An alkaloid obtained from the bark of Buxus sempervirens, or common Box.

BUX'OM, a. [Sax. bocsum, from bog, a bow, bugan, to bend, and sum, some.]

  1. Obedient; obsequious, ready to obey. [Obs.] – Milton.
  2. Gay; lively; brisk. – Milton.
  3. Wanton; jolly. – Dryden.

BUX'OM-LY, adv.

  1. Obediently. [Obs.]
  2. Wantonly; amorously. – Johnson.


  1. Meekness; obedience. [Obs.] – Chaucer.
  2. Briskness; amorousness.

BUY, v.i.

To negotiate, or treat about a purchase. I will buy with you and sell with you. – Shak.

BUY, v.t. [pret. and pp. bought, pron. bawt. Sax. bigan, or bycgan, bygan; Goth. bugyan, to buy.]

  1. To acquire the property, right or title to any thing, by paying a consideration or an equivalent in money. It differs from barter only in this, that in barter the consideration or equivalent is some species of commodity; in purchase, the consideration is money paid or promised. To purchase; to acquire by paying a price to the satisfaction of the seller; opposed to sell.
  2. To procure by a consideration given, or by something that is deemed worth the thing bought; to procure at a price; as, to buy pleasure with praise; to buy favor with flattery. – Denham.
  3. To bribe; to corrupt or pervert the judgment, by paying a consideration. To buy off, to influence to compliance; to cause to bend or yield by some consideration; as, to buy off conscience; to detach by a consideration given; as, to buy off one from a party. To buy out, to buy off, or detach from. – Shak. #2. To purchase the share or shares of a person in a stock, fund, or partnership, by which the seller is separated from the company, and the purchaser takes his place; as, A buys out B. To purchase stock in any fund or partnership, is to buy in. To buy on credit, is to purchase a thing, on a promise in fact or in law, to make payment at a future day. To buy the refusal, is to give money for the right of purchasing at a fixed price at a future time. To buy the small pox, in South Wales, is to receive it by inoculation. – Encyc. In popular language, to buy is to pay dear for, as in Chaucer.

BUY'ER, n.

One who buys; a purchaser. – Wotton.

BUY'ING, ppr.


BUZZ, n.

The noise of bees; also, a whisper. – South. Bacon.

BUZZ, v.i. [It. buzzicare, to whisper; Pers. بَزِيدَنْ bazidan, to blow as wind.]

  1. To make a low hissing sound, as bees; to make the sound of z, with an expiration of breath between the tongue and the roof of the mouth or upper teeth.
  2. To whisper; to speak with a low hissing voice; to make a low hissing sound. – Shak. Hayward.

BUZZ, v.t.

To whisper; to spread, as report, by whispers, or to spread secretly. – Bentley.


Senseless; stupid. – Milton.

BUZZ'ARD, n. [D. buzaard; G. bussaar, busshard; It. bozzago; Fr. buze, buse or busard; Pers. بَازْ bauz, a hawk.]

  1. A species of Falco, or hawk, the Buteo; a rapacious, but sluggish bird; the breast usually of a yellowish white; the upper parts of a deep brown. In some parts of America, it is called the great Hen-hawk, from its feeding on poultry. – Pennant. Encyc.
  2. A blockhead; a dunce. – Johnson.


A species of Falco or hawk, resembling the buzzard in most respects; but its legs are in proportion rather longer. – Pennant.


A whisperer; one who is busy in telling tales secretly. – Shak.

BUZZ'ING, ppr.

Making a low hissing sound; whispering; tattling in secret.


With a low hissing sound.

BY, prep. [Sax. be or big; Goth. bi; Sw. and Dan. be; D. by; G. bei; all contracted from big. This word in composition is often written be, as in because, besiege. In Sw. and Dan. it is used only in composition. The Sw. and Dan. paa, and Russ. po, may be from a different root, although they are nearly allied in signification, and may be the same word differently written. This preposition occurs as a prefix in all the Shemitic languages, contracted indeed into ב. (See the Introduction.) The primary sense is, pressing, close, near, at; but in Goth. and Sax. it signifies also, about, according to, on, with, against, after, &c. In some of these senses, it coincides with the Russ. po. The original verb to which this word belongs, most probably signifies to pass, to go, or come, to drive, to press.]

  1. Near; close; as, sit by me; that house stands by a river. So in It. presso from L. pressus; Fr. près, auprès.
  2. Near, in motion; as, to move, go or pass by a church. But it seems, in other phrases, or with a verb in the past time, to signify past, gone beyond; as, the procession is gone by; the hour is gone by; John went by. We now use past as an equivalent word, – the procession is gone past. Gone by is in strictness tautology, as now used; but I apprehend by signifies primarily near.
  3. Through, or with, denoting the agent, means, instrument or cause; as, a city is destroyed by fire; profit is made by commerce; to take by force. This use answers to that of the Latin per, through, denoting a passing, acting, agency, or instrumentality.
  4. “Day by day;” “year by year;” “article by article.” In these phrases, by denotes passing from one to another, or each particular separately taken.
  5. By the space of seven years.” In this phrase, by denotes through, passing or continuing, during.
  6. By this time, the sun had risen.” The word here seems to denote, at, present or come to.
  7. According to; as, this appears by his own account; these are good rules to live by.
  8. On; as, to pass by land or water; great battles by sea and land. In the latter phrase, at or on might be substituted for by.
  9. It is placed before words denoting quantity, measure or proportion; as, to sell by the pound; to work by the rod or perch; this line is longer by a tenth.
  10. It is used to represent the means or instrument of swearing, or affirming; as, to swear by heaven, or by earth; to affirm by all that is sacred.
  11. In the phrase, “he has a cask of wine by him,” by denotes nearness or presence.
  12. “To sit by one's self,” is, to sit alone, or without company.
  13. “To be present by attorney.” In this phrase, by denote means or instrument; through or in the presence of a substitute.
  14. In the phrase, “North by West,” the sense seems to north passing to the west, inclining or going westward, or near west. As an adverb, by denotes also nearness, or presence; as, there was no person by, at the time. But some noun is understood. So in the phrase, “to pass or go by,” there is a noun understood. By and by, is a phrase denoting nearness in time; in a short time after; presently; soon. When persecution ariseth because of the word, by and by he is offended. – Matth. xiii. By the by signifies, as we proceed or pass, [Fr. en passant,] noting something interposed in the progress of a discourse, which is distinct from the main subject. The old phrase, “on the by,” on the passage, is now obsolete. To stand by, is to stand near, or to support. By, in lullaby, and in the nursery, a word used in lulling infants to sleep, is evidently allied to words found in many languages, signifying to rest, or be quiet, or to appease; that is, to press, to stop, us the Gr. παυω, L. paco. It is used in Russia, as with us, bayu, bai. This probably is the same word as the foregoing. By or bye, in by-law, Sax. bilage, is probably the Sw. by, Dan. bye, a village, town, borough or city, from Sw. bygga, Dan. bygger, G. bauen, D. bouwen, to build, Sax. byan, to inhabit; that is, a town-law, a municipal law. In the common phrase, goodbye, by signifies passing, going. The phrase signifies, a good going, a prosperous passage, and it is precisely equivalent to farewell, Sax. faran, to go, go well, may you have a good going, equivalent to good speed, in the phrase, “to bid one good speed.” [Not God speed, as is generally read and understood.] By is used in many compound words, in most of which we observe the sense of nearness, closeness, or a withdrawing or seclusion.


A side or incidental blow.


Business aside of the common mode.


A coffee-house in an obscure place. – Addison.


An affair distinct from the main business. – Dryden.


A private corner.