Dictionary: BEAM'Y – BEARD'ED

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BEAM'Y, a.

  1. Emitting rays of light; radiant; shining.
  2. Resembling a beam in size and weight; massy. – Dryden.
  3. Having horns, or antlers. – Dryden.

BEAN, n. [Sax. bean; Dan. bönne; Sw. böna; Gr. πυανον; D. boon; Ger. bohne; Ch. אפון, apun, a vetch. Qu. Arm. favon; Corn. id.; W. faen.]

A name given to several kinds of pulse, or leguminous seeds, and the plants producing them. They belong to several genera, particularly Vicia, Phaseolus, and Dolichos. The varieties most usually cultivated are, the horse bean, the mazagan, the kidney bean, the cranberry bean, the lima bean, the frost bean, &c. The stalk is erect or climbing, and the fruit generally roundish, oval or flat, and of various colors. Malacca Beans. Anacardia, the fruit of a tree growing in Malabar, and other parts of the Indies. This fruit is of a shining black color, of the shape of a heart flattened, about an inch long, terminating at one end in an obtuse point, and at the other, adhering to a wrinkled stalk. It contains within two shells, a kernel of a sweetish taste; and betwixt the shells is lodged a thick acrid juice. – Encyc.


A plant, a species of Zygophyllum, a native of warm climates. – Encyc.


A small fishing vessel or pilot boat, used in the rivers of Portugal. It is sharp forward, having its stem bent above into a great curve, and plated with iron. – Encyc.


Fed with beans. – Shak.


A beautiful fly, of a pale purple color, found on bean flowers, produced from a maggot called mida. – Encyc.


A species of Anas; a migratory bird, which arrives in England in autumn, and retires to the north in summer. It is so named, from the likeness of the nail of the bill to a horse-bean. – Encyc.



A name given to the Erythrina.


The Cytisus. – Fam. of Plants.


A plant.

BEAR, n. [Sax. bera; Ger. bär; D. beer; Sw. Dan. and Ice. biörn; Ir. bear; allied perhaps to fierce, L. ferus, fera, or to barbarus.]

  1. A wild quadruped, of the genus ursus. The marks of the genus are, six fore teeth in the upper jaw, alternately hollow on the inside; and six in the under jaw, the two lateral ones lobated; the dog teeth are solitary and conical; the eyes have a nictitating membrane, and the nose is prominent. The arctos, or black bear, has his body covered with long shaggy hair. Some are found in Tartary, of a pure white color. The polar, or white bear, has a long head and neck; short, round ears; the hair long, soft, and white, tinged in some parts with yellow. He grows to a great size, the skins of some being 13 feet long. This bear lives in cold climates only, and frequently swims from one isle of ice to another. – Encyc.
  2. The name of two constellations in the northern hemisphere, called the Greater and Lesser Bear. In the tail of the Lesser Bear is the pole star.

BEAR, v.i.

  1. To suffer, as with pain. But man is born to bear. – Pope. This is unusual in prose; and though admissible, is rendered intransitive, merely by the omission of pain, or other word expressive of evil.
  2. To be patient; to endure. I can not, can not bear. – Dryden. To also seems to be elliptical.
  3. To produce, as fruit; to be fruitful, in opposition to barrenness. This age to blossom, and the next to bear. – Dryden. Here fruit must be understood.
  4. To take effect; to succeed; as, to bring matters to bear. – Guardian.
  5. To act in any character. Instruct me how I may bear like a true friar. [Unusual.] – Shak.
  6. To be situated as to the point of compass, with respect to something else; as, the land bore E. N. E. from the ship.
  7. To have weight on the neck by the yoke, as oxen attached to the neap of a cart.
  8. To bear away, in navigation, is to change the course of a ship, when close hauled, or sailing with a side wind, and make her run before the wind. To bear up, is used in a like sense, froin the act of bearing up the helm to the windward. – Mar. Dict. Hence, perhaps, in other cases, the expression may be used to denote tending or moving from.
  9. To bear down, is to drive or tend to; to approach with a fair wind; as, the fleet bore down upon the enemy.
  10. To bear in, is to run or tend toward; as, a ship bears in with the land; opposed to bear off, or keeping at a greater distance.
  11. To bear up, is to tend or move toward; as, to bear up to one another: also, to be supported; to have fortitude; to be firm; not to sink; as, to bear up under afflictions.
  12. To bear upon, or against, is to lean upon or against; to act on as weight or force, in any direction, as a column upon its base, or the sides of two inclining objects against each other.
  13. To bear against, to approach for attack or seizure; as, a lion bears against his prey. – Dryden.
  14. To bear upon, to act upon; as, the artillery bore upon the center; or to be pointed or situated so as to affect; as, to bring or plant guns so as to bear upon a fort, or a ship.
  15. To bear with, to endure what is unpleasing; to be indulgent; to forbear to resent, oppose, or punish. Reason would I should bear with you. – Acts xviii. Shall not God avenge his elect, though he bear long with them? – Luke xviii.

BEAR, v.t. [pret. bore; pp. born, borne. Sax. bæran, beran, beoran, byran, gebæran, geberan, gebyran, abæran, aberan, to bear, carry, bring, sustain, produce, bring forth; gebyrian, gebyrigan, to pertain to, to belong to, to happen, to become, or be suitable; answering to the Latin fero, porto, pario and oporteo. Hence, probably, Sax. barn, bearn, a son, coinciding with born. Goth. bairan, to bear, or carry; gabairan, to bear; G. führen, to carry, and gebären, to bring forth; D. beuren, to lift, voeren, to carry or bear; baaren, to bring forth; Sw. bära, to carry; bära fram, to bring forth; barn, a son; Dan. bærer, to carry, bear, produce; L. fero, pario, porto; Gr. φερω, φορεω; Sp. and Port. parir, to bring forth; portar, to carry; It. portare, to carry; Ir. bearadh, beirim, to bear or bring forth, to tell or relate, whence Fr. parler; Russ. bere, to take, to carry; Sans. bharadi, to bear. This verb I suppose to be radically the same as the Shemitic ברא, to produce; L. pario. The primary sense is to throw out, to bring forth, or in general, to thrust or drive along. It includes the proper significations, both of L. fero and pario; Shemitic פרה, farah, and ፈረየ, fari. Hence, probably Gr. βαρος, βαρυς, and a great family of words. See Class Br. Nos. 15, 22, 33, 35.]

  1. To support; to sustain; as, to bear a weight or burden.
  2. To carry; to convey; to support and remove from place to place; as, they bear him upon the shoulder; the eagle, beareth them on her wings. – Isaiah. Deuteronomy.
  3. To wear; to bear as a mark of authority or distinction, as, to bear a sword, a badge, a name; to bear arms in a coat.
  4. To keep afloat; as, the water bears a ship.
  5. To support or sustain without sinking or yielding; to endure; as, a man can bear severe pain or calamity; or to sustain with proportionate strength, and without injury; as, a man may bear stronger food or drink.
  6. To entertain; to carry in the mind; as, to bear a great love for a friend; to bear inveterate hatred to gaming.
  7. To suffer; to undergo; as, to bear punishment.
  8. To suffer without resentment, or interference to prevent; to have patience; as, to bear neglect or indignities.
  9. To admit or be capable of; that is, to suffer or sustain without violence, injury, or change; as, to give words the most favorable interpretation they will bear.
  10. To bring forth or produce, as the fruit of plants, or the young of animals; as, to bear apples; to bear children.
  11. To give birth to, or be the native place of. Here dwelt the man divine whom Samos bore. – Dryden.
  12. To possess and use as power; to exercise; as, to bear sway.
  13. To gain or win. Some think to bear it by speaking a great word. – Bacon. [Not now used. The phrase now used is, to bear away.]
  14. To carry on, or maintain; to have; as, to bear a part in conversation.
  15. To show or exhibit; to relate; as, to bear testimony or witness. This seems to imply utterance, like the Latin fero, to relate or utter.
  16. To sustain the effect, or be answerable for; as, to bear the blame.
  17. To sustain, as expense; to supply the means of paying; as, to bear the charges, that is, to pay the expenses.
  18. To be the object of. Let me but bear your love, and I'll bear your cares. [Unusual.] – Shak.
  19. To behave; to act in any character; as, hath he borne himself penitent? [Not usual.] – Shak.
  20. To remove, or to endure the effects of; and hence, to give satisfaction for. He shall bear their iniquities. – Is. liii. Heb. ix. To bear the infirmities of the weak, To bear one another's burdens, is to be charitable toward their faults, to sympathize with them, and to aid them in distress. – Brown. To bear off, is to restrain; to keep from approach; and in seamanship, to remove to a distance; to keep clear from rubbing against any thing; as, to bear off a blow; to bear off a boat; also, to carry away; as, to bear off stolen goods. To bear down, is to impel or urge; to overthrow or crush by force; as, to bear down an enemy. To bear down upon, to press to overtake; to make all sail to come up with. To bear hard, is to press or urge. Cesar doth bear me hard. – Shak. To bear on, is to press against; also to carry forward, to press, incite or animate. Confidence hath borne thee on. – Milton. To bear through, is to conduct or manage; as, to bear through the consulship. B. Jonson. Also, to maintain or support to the end; as religion will bear us through the evils of life. To bear out, is to maintain and support to the end; to defend to the last. Company only can bear a man out in an ill thing. – South. To bear up, to support, to keep from falling. Religious hope bears up the mind under sufferings. – Addison. To bear up, to keep afloat. To bear a body. A color is said to bear a body in painting, when it is capable of being ground so fine, and mixed so entirely with the oil, as to seem only a very thick oil of the same color. – Johnson. To bear date, is to have the mark of time when written or executed; as, a letter or bond bears date, Jan. 6, 1811. To bear a price, is to have a certain price. In common mercantile language, it often signifies or implies, to bear a good or high price. To bear in hand, to amuse with false pretenses; to deceive. – Bacon. South. Shak. I believe this phrase is obsolete, or never used in America. To bear a hand, in seamanship, is to make haste, be quick.


That can be borne; tolerable. – Edin. Rev.

BEAR'A-BLY, adv.

In a bearable manner. – Westm. Rev.


The sport of baiting bears with dogs. – Shak.


A plant, a species of Arbutus.


A species of Bind-weed, or Convolvulus.


A cloth in which a new born child is covered when carried to church to be baptized. – Shak.


A cloth in which a new-born child is covered, when carried to be baptized. – Shak.

BEARD, n. [berd; Sax. beard; D. baard; Ger. and Dan. bart; L. barba; Russ. boroda, the beard and the chin. As this word is from bear, the pronunciation beerd is very improper.]

  1. The hair that grows on the chin, lips and adjacent parts of the face, chiefly of male adults; hence a mark of virility. A gray beard, long beard, and reverend beard, are terms for old age.
  2. Beard is sometimes used for the face; and to do a thing to a man's beard, is to do it in defiance, or to his face. – Johnson.
  3. The awn or sharp prickles on the ears of corn. But more technically, parallel hairs or a tuft of stiff hairs terminating the leaves of plants, a species of pubescence. By some authors the name is given to the lower lip of a ringent corol. – Martyn.
  4. A barb or sharp point of an arrow, or other instrument, bent backward from the end to prevent its being easily drawn out.
  5. The beard or chuck of a horse, is that part which bears the curb of a bridle, underneath the lower mandible and above the chin. – Farrier's Dict. Encyc.
  6. The rays of a comet, emitted toward that part of the heaven to which its proper motion seems to direct it. – Encyc.
  7. The threads or hairs of an oyster, muscle or similar shell-fish, by which they fasten themselves to stones. – Encyc.
  8. In insects, two small, oblong, fleshy bodies, placed just above the trunk, as in gnats, moths and butterflies. – Encyc.

BEARD, v.t. [berd.]

  1. To take by the beard; to seize, pluck or pull the beard, in contempt or anger.
  2. To oppose to the face; to set at defiance. I have been bearded by boys. – More.

BEARD'ED, a. [berd'ed.]

  1. Having a beard, as a man. Having parallel hairs or tufts of hair, as the leaves of plants. – Martyn.
  2. Barbed or jagged, as an arrow. – Dryden.

BEARD'ED, pp. [berd'ed.]

Taken by the beard; opposed to the face.