Dictionary: LO-CO-MO-TIV'I-TY – LOG

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The power of changing place. – Bryant.

LOCU-LA-MENT, n. [L. loculamentum, from locus, loculus.]

In botany, the cell of a pericarp in which the seed is lodged. A pericarp is unilocular, bilocular, &c. – Martyn.


In botany, the dehiscence of a pericarp is loculicidal when it is vertical, the dissepiments remain united and the cells opened at the base. – Lindley.

LOCUM-TENENS, n. [Locum tenens; L.]

A deputy or substitute, contracted in French to lieutenant.


A popular name of several plants and trees; as, a species of Melianthus, of Ceratonia, of Robinia, &c.

LO'CUST, n. [L. locusta.]

Various insects of several genera. Some of these insects are at times so numerous in Africa and the South of Asia, as to devour every green thing, and when they migrate, they fly in an immense cloud. In America, there are several species of the genus Cicada.


A tree, the Robinia-pseud-acacia; also, Hymenæa Courbaril. The Honey-Locust-tree, is the Gleditschia triacanthus.

LODE, n. [from Sax. lædan, to lead.]

  1. Among miners, a metallic vein, or any regular vein or course, whether metallic or not, but commonly a metallic vein. – Encyc. Cyc.
  2. A cut or reach of water. – Cyc.

LODE'-STONE, n. [from the verb to lead, and stone.]

  1. A magnet, an ore of iron; a stone found in iron mines, of a dark or black lead color, and of considerable hardness and weight. It attracts iron filings, and communicates to iron the same property of attraction. But its peculiar value consists in its communicating to a needle the property of taking a direction to the north and south, a property of inestimable utility, in navigation and surveying.
  2. A name given by Cornish miners to a species of stones, called also tin-stones; a compound of stones and sand, of different kinds and colors. Nicholson.


Capable of affording a temporary abode. [Not used.]


  1. A small house in a park or forest, for a temporary place of rest at night; a temporary habitation; a hut. – Sidney. Shak.
  2. A small house or tenement appended to a larger; as, a porter's lodge.
  3. A den; a cave; any place where a wild beast dwells.

LODGE, v.i.

  1. To reside; to dwell; to rest in a place. And lodge such daring souls in little men. – Pope.
  2. To rest or dwell for a time, as for a night, a week, a month. We lodged a night at the Golden Ball. We lodged a week at the City Hotel. Soldiers lodge in tents in summer, and in huts in winter. Fowls lodge on trees or rocks.
  3. To fall flat, as grain. Wheat and oats on strong land are apt to lodge.

LODGE, v.t. [Fr. loger, to lodge; It. loggia, a lodge; alloggiare, to lodge; Sp. alojar; Arm. logea; Dan. logerer. The sense is to set or throw down. In Sax. logian is to compose, to deposit or lay up, also to repair; Russ. loju, to lay, to put. It is probably allied to lay.]

  1. To set, lay or deposit for keeping or preservation, for a longer or shorter time. The men lodged their arms in the arsenal.
  2. To place; to plant; to infix. He lodged an arrow in a tender breast. – Addison.
  3. To fix; to settle in the heart, mind or memory. I can give no reason / More than a lodged hate. – Shak.
  4. To furnish with a temporary habitation, or with an accommodation for a night. He lodged the prince a month, a week, or a night. [The word usually notes a short residence, but for no definite time.]
  5. To harbor; to covet. The deer is lodged. – Addison.
  6. To afford place to; to contain for keeping. The memory can lodge a greater store of images, than the senses can present at one time. – Cheyne.
  7. To throw in or on; as, to lodge a ball or a bomb in a fort.
  8. To throw down; to lay flat. Our sights, and they shall lodge the summer corn. – Shak.


Placed at rest; deposited; infixed; furnished with accommodations for a night or other short time; laid flat.


  1. One who lives at board, or in a hired room or who has a bed in another's house for a night.
  2. One that resides in any, place for a time. – Pope.


  1. A place of rest for a night, or of residence for a time; temporary habitation; apartment: Wits take lodgings in the sound of Bow. – Pope.
  2. Place of residence. Fair bosom … the lodging of delight. – Spenser.
  3. Harbor; cover; place of rest. – Sidney.
  4. Convenience for repose at night. – Sidney.

LODG'ING, ppr.

  1. Placing at rest; depositing; furnishing lodgings.
  2. Resting for a night; residing for a time.

LODG'MENT, n. [Fr. logement.]

  1. The act of lodging or the state of being lodged; a being placed or deposited at rest for keeping for a time or for permanence.
  2. Accumulation or collection of something deposited or remaining at rest.
  3. In military affairs, an encampment made by an army.
  4. A work cast up by besiegers, during their approaches, in some dangerous post which they have gained, and where it is necessary to secure themselves against the enemy's fire. – Cyc.

LO'ESS, n.

A tertiary deposit on the banks of the Rhine. – Mantell.

LOFFE, v.i.

To laugh. [Not used.] Shak.

LOFT, n. [Dan. loft; Sax. lyfte, the air, an arch, vault or ceiling; probably allied to lift, Dan. löfter; Qu. Gr. λοφος.]

  1. Properly, an elevation; hence, in a building, the elevation of one story or floor above another; hence, a floor above another; as, the second loft; third loft; fourth loft. Spenser seems to have used the word for the highest floor or top, and this may have been its original signification.
  2. A high room or place. – Pope.

LOFT'I-LY, adv. [from lofty.]

  1. On high; in an elevated place.
  2. Proudly; haughtily. They are corrupt and speak wickedly concerning oppression; they speak loftily. Ps. lxxiii.
  3. With elevation of language, diction or sentiment; sublimely. My lowly verse may loftily arise. – Spenser.
  4. In an elevated attitude. A horse carries his head loftily.


  1. Highth; elevation in place or position; altitude; as, the loftiness of a mountain.
  2. Pride; haughtiness. Augustus and Tiberius had loftiness enough in their tempers. – Collier.
  3. Elevation of attitude or mien; as, loftiness of carriage.
  4. Sublimity; elevation of diction or sentiment. Three poets in three distinct ages born: / The first in loftiness of thought surpass'd; / The next in majesty; in both the last. – Dryden.

LOFT'Y, a.

  1. Elevated in place; high; as, a lofty tower; a lofty mountain. [But it expresses more than high, or at least is more emphatical, poetical, and elegant.] See lofty Lebanon his head advance. – Pope.
  2. Elevated in condition or character. Thus saith the high and lofty One, that inhabiteth eternity, whose name is Holy. – Is. lvii.
  3. Proud; haughty; as, lofty looks. – Is. ii.
  4. Elevated in sentiment or diction; sublime; lofty strains; lofty rhyme.
  5. Stately; dignified; as, lofty steps.

LOG, n. [This word is probably allied to. D. log, logge, heavy, dull, sluggish; a sense retained in water-logged; and to lug, luggage, perhaps to clog.]

  1. A bulky piece or stick of timber unbowed. Pine logs are floated down rivers in America, and stopped at saw-mills. A piece of timber when hewed and squared, is not called a log, unless perhaps in constructing log-huts.
  2. In navigation, a machine for measuring the rate of a ship's velocity through the water. The common log is a piece of board, forming the quadrant of a circle of about six inches radius, balanced by a small plate of lead nailed on the circular part, so as to swim perpendicular. – Mar. Dict.
  3. [Heb. לג.] A Hebrew measure of liquids, containing, according to some authors, three quarters of a pint; according to others, five-sixths of a pint. According to Arbuthnot, it was the seventy-second part of the bath or ephah, and the twelfth part of a hin. – Johnson. Encyc.