Dictionary: CAL'LOW – CA-LUM'BA

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CAL'LOW, a. [Ir. calbh; L. calvus, bald; G. kahl; D. kaal; F. chauve; Pers. كَلْ kal; Russ. golei, bald, naked; goleyu, to be stripped.]

Destitute of feathers; naked; unfledged; as a young bird. – Milton.

CAL'LUS, n. [L. callus, from calleo, to be hard; Sans. kalla, stone.]

Any cutaneous, corneous, or bony hardness, but generally to the new growth of osseous matter between the extremities of fractured bones, serving to unite them; also, a hardness in the skin; a hard, dense, insensible knob on the hands, feet, &c. – Encyc. Coxe.

CALM, a. [càm; Fr. calme; Sp. calma; It. calma; D. kalm. Qu. Gr. χαλαω; It. calare, to decrease or abate; Sp. calar, to sink.]

  1. Still; quiet; being at rest; as the air. Hence, not stormy or tempestuous; as, a calm day.
  2. Undisturbed; not agitated; as, a calm sea.
  3. Undisturbed by passion; not agitated or excited; quiet; tranquil; as the mind, temper, or attention.

CALM, n.

Stillness; tranquillity; quiet; freedom from motion, agitation, or disturbance; applied to the elements, or to the mind and passions. – South.

CALM, v.t.

To still; to quiet; as the wind, or elements; to still, appease, allay or pacify, as the mind or passions. – Dryden. Atterbury.


Wearing the look of calmness.

CALM'ER, a. [comp.]

More calm.


The person or thing that calms, or has the power to still, and make quiet; that which allays or pacifies.

CALM'EST, a. [superl.]

Most calm.

CALM'ING, ppr.

Stilling; appeasing.

CALM'LY, adv.

In a quiet manner; without disturbance, agitation, tumult, or violence; without passion; quietly.


  1. Quietness; stillness; tranquillity; applied, to the elements.
  2. Quietness; mildness; unruffled state; applied to the mind, passions, or temper.

CALM'Y, a.

Calm; quiet; peaceable. – Spenser. Cowley.

CA-LOG'RA-PHY, n. [Gr. καλος and γραφη.]

Elegant penmanship. – Ed. Rev.

CAL'O-MEL, n. [Qu. Gr. καλος, fair, and μελας, black, or Æthiops mineral.]

A preparation of mercury, much used in medicine. It is called the submuriate or dichloride of mercury, and is prepared in various ways, by sublimation or precipitation, and also in the dry way. The following are the directions given in the last London Pharmacopæia. Take of muriated quicksilver one pound, and of purified quicksilver nine ounces; rub them together till the globules disappear; then sublime, and repeat the sublimation twice more successively. – Brande.


Pertaining to the matter of heat.

CA-LOR'IC, n. [L. calor, heat.]

The principle or matter of heat, or the simple element of heat. – Lavoisier. Caloric may be defined, the agent to which the phenomena of heat and combustion are ascribed. – Ure. Caloric expands all bodies. – Henry.


That has the quality of producing heat; causing heat; heating.

CAL-O-RIM'E-TER, n. [L. calor, heat, and Gr. μετρον, measure.]

An apparatus for measuring relative quantities of heat, or the specific caloric of bodies; or an instrument for measuring the heat given out by a body in cooling, from the quantity of ice it melts, invented by Lavoisier and Laplace.

CAL-O-RIM'OTOR, n. [caloric and L. motor, mover.]

A galvanic instrument, in which the calorific influence or effects are attended by scarcely any electrical power. – Hare.

CA-LOTTE', or CA-LOTE', n. [Fr. calotte.]

  1. A cap or coif, of hair, satin, or other stuff, worn in popish countries, as an ecclesiastical ornament.
  2. In architecture, a round cavity or depression, in form of a cup or cap, lathed and plastered, used to diminish the elevation of a chapel, cabinet, alcove, &c., which would otherwise be too high for other pieces of the apartment. – Harris. Encyc.


Monks of the Greek Church of three orders; archari, or novices; ordinary professed, or microchemi; and the more perfect called megalochemi. They are also divided into cenobites, who are employed in reciting their offices, from midnight to sunrise; anchorets, who retire and live in hermitages; and recluses, who shut themselves up in grottos and caverns, on the mountains, and live on alms furnished to them by the monasteries. – Encyc.

CALP, n.

A subspecies of carbonate of lime, of a bluish black, gray or grayish blue, but its streak is white, called also Argillo-ferruginous limestone. It is intermediate between compact limestone and marl. – Kirwan. Cleaveland. Phillips.

CAL'TROP, n. [Sax. coltræppe, a species of Thistle, rendered by Lye, Rhamnus, and Carduus stellatus, The French has chaussetrape. The Italian calcatreppolo, is from calcare, to tread, and tribolo, a thistle; L. tribulus.]

  1. A kind of Thistle, the Latin Tribulus, with a roundish prickly pericarp; on one side, gibbous, often armed with three or four daggers; on the other side, angular, converging with transverse cells. It grows in France, Italy, and Spain, among corn, and is very troublesome, as the prickles run into the feet of cattle. – Fam. of Plants. Miller.
  2. In military affairs, an instrument with four iron points disposed in a triangular form, so that three of them being on the ground, the other points upward. These are scattered on the ground where an enemy's cavalry are to pass, to impede their progress by endangering the horses' feet. – Encyc. Dr. Addison.

CA-LUM'BA, n. [from Kalumb, its native name in Mozambique.]

A plant, the Cocculus palmatus, growing in Mozambique; the root of this plant, a bitter tonic, is much used in medicine.