Dictionary: CAN'DY – CANK'ER-OUS

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CAN'DY, v.t. [It. candire, to candy, to preserve; candito, candied; Fr. candir. This seems not to be the Latin condio, for the Italian has also condire. Possibly it may be from L. candeo, to be white. But in Ar. قَنْدٌ kand, kandon, is the saccharine matter of the sugar-cane, or concrete sugar, and it is the same in Persian; Sans. khand.]

  1. To conserve or dress with sugar; to boil in sugar.
  2. To form into congelations or crystals. – Shak.
  3. To cover or incrust with congelations, or crystals of ice. – Dryden.


The act of preserving simples in substance, by boiling them in sugar. – Encyc.

CAN'DY-ING, ppr.

Conserving with sugar.


  1. A plant, the Iberis. – Fam. of Plants.
  2. A Cretan flower. – Tate.

CANE, n. [L. canna; Gr. καννα; Fr. canne; W. cawn; Sp. caña; Port. cana or canna; It. canna; Arm. canen; Heb. Ch. Syr. and Ar. קנה. In the Arabic, a word of this family signifies a subterraneous passage for water, or canal. It probably signifies a shoot.]

  1. In botany, this term is applied to several species of plants belonging to different genera, such as Arundo, Calamus, Saccharum, &c. Among these is the bamboo of the East Indies, with a strong stem, which serves for pipes, poles, and walking-sticks. The sugar-cane, a native of Asia, Africa and America, furnishes the juice from which are made sugar, melasses, and spirit. [See Sugar-Cane.]
  2. A walking-stick.
  3. A lance, or dart made of cane. – Dryden.
  4. A long measure, in several countries of Europe; at Naples, the length is 7 feet 3 1/2 inches; in Thoulouse in France, 5 feet 8 1/2 inches; in Provence, &c., 6 feet 5 1/2 inches.

CANE, v.t.

To beat with a cane or walking-stick.

CANE'-BRAKE, n. [cane and brake.]

A thicket of canes. – Ellicott.

CANE'-HOLE, n. [cane and hole.]

A hole or trench for planting the cuttings of cane, on sugar plantations. – Edwards' W. Indies.

CA-NES'CENT, a. [L. canescens.]

Growing white or hoary.

CANE'-TRASH, n. [cane and trash.]

Refuse of canes, or macerated rinds of cane, reserved for fuel to boil the cane-juice. – Edwards' W. Indies.


An instrument to sling a cask by the end of its staves, formed by reeving a piece of rope through two flat hooks, and splicing its ends together. – Mar. Dict.

CA-NIC'U-LA, or CA'NI-CULE, n. [L. canicula, a little dog, from canis, a dog.]

A star in the constellation of Canis Major, called also the Dog-star, or Sirius; a star of the first magnitude, and the largest and brightest of all the fixed stars. From the rising of this heliacally, or at its emersion from the sun's rays, the ancients reckoned their dog-days.

CA-NIC'U-LAR, a. [L. canicularis.]

Pertaining to the dog-star.

CA'NINE, a. [L. caninus, from canis, a dog.]

Pertaining to dogs; having the properties or qualities of a dog; as, a canine appetite, insatiable hunger; canine madness, or hydrophobia. Canine teeth are two sharp pointed teeth in each jaw of an animal, one on each side, between the incisors and grinders; so named from their resemblance to a dog's teeth.


A beating with a stick or cane.

CAN'IS-TER, n. [L. canistrum; Gr. καναστρον, κανης, or κανεον; Fr. canastre; Port. canastra; Sp. canasta.]

Properly, a small basket, as in Dryden; but more generally, a small box or case, for tea, coffee, &c.

CANK'ER, n. [L. cancer; Sax. cancere or cancre; D. kanker; Fr. chancre; It. canchero. This is the Latin cancer, with the Roman pronunciation. See Cancer.]

  1. A disease incident to trees, which causes the bark to rot and fall.
  2. A popular name of certain small eroding ulcers in the mouth, particularly of children. They are generally covered with a whitish slough. – Cyc.
  3. A virulent, corroding ulcer; or any thing that corrodes, corrupts or destroys. Sacrilege may prove an eating canker. – Atterbury. And their word will eat as doth a canker. – 2 Tim. ii.
  4. An eating, corroding, virulent humor; corrosion. – Shak.
  5. A kind of rose, the dog-rose. – Peacham. Shak.
  6. In farriery, a running thrush of the worst kind; a disease in horses' feet, discharging a fetid matter from the cleft in the middle of the frog. – Encyc.

CAN'KER, v.i.

To grow corrupt; to decay, or waste away by means of any noxious cause; to grow rusty, or to be oxydized, as a metal. – Bacon.

CANK'ER, v.t.

  1. To eat, corrode, corrupt, consume, in a manner that a cancer affects the body. – Herbert.
  2. To infect or pollute. – Addison.


Bitten with a cankered or envenomed tooth. – Shak.


  1. Corrupted.
  2. adj. Crabbed; uncivil. – Spenser.


Crossly; adversely.


A fly that preys on fruit. – Walton.


Eating or corrupting like a canker.


Corroding like a canker. – Thomson.