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Eschara or hornwrack, species of corolline, resembling woven cloth in texture, consisting of arrangements of very small cells. One species is called narrow-leaved hornwrack; another, the broad-leaved hornwrack. This name is given also to the ceratophyta, hornplant, or sea-shrub, a species of Gorgonia. – Encyc.


A genus of plants, Erythrina, of several species, natives of Africa and America. They are all shrubby flowering plants, adorned chiefly with trifoliate or three-lobed leaves, and scarlet spikes of papilionaceous flowers.


The popular name of certain species of plants, Dentaria, called also tooth-wort or tooth-violet. – Fam. of Plants.

CORAM-JUDICE, prep. [Coram judice. L.]

Before the judge.

CORAM-NON-JUDICE, prep. [Coram non judice. L.]

Before one not a judge; before one who has not jurisdiction.

CO-RANT', n. [Fr. courant, running; courir, to run, L. curro.]

A lofty sprightly dance. – Johnson. Temple.

CORB, n. [L. corbis. See the next word.]

  1. A basket used in coaleries.
  2. An ornament in a building. – Spenser.

CORB'AN, n. [L. corbis; D. korf; G. korb; Sw. korg; Dan. kurv; Fr. corbeille; Eth. ከረቦ karbo, a wicker basket; Russ. korban, a church box or chest a treasury. But in Ethiopic, korban is an oblation, that which is offered to God, a gift, sacrifice, coinciding with the Heb. קרבן, from קרב to approach, to cause to approach, to bring or offer.]

  1. In Jewish antiquity, an offering which had life; an animal offered to God; in opposition to the mincha, which was an offering without life. It is a gift, corban, by whatsoever thou mightest be profited by me; that is, I have devoted that to God which you ask of me, and it is no longer mine to give. It is a gift, corban, by whatsoever thou mightest be profited by me; that is, I have devoted that to God which you ask of me, and it is no longer mine to give. – Encyc.
  2. An alms-basket; a vessel to receive gifts of charity; a gift; an alms; a treasury of the church, where offerings are deposited. – Calmet.
  3. Among Mohammedans, a ceremony performed at the foot of Mount Arrarat in Arabia, near Mecca. It consists in killing a number of sheep, and distributing them among the poor. – Encyc.

CORBE, a. [Fr. courbe.]

Crooked. [Not in use.] Spenser.

CORB'EIL, n. [Fr. corbeille; It. corbello. See Corban.]

In fortification, a little basket, to be filled with earth, and set upon a parapet, to shelter men from the fire of besiegers. – Johnson.

CORB'EL, n.1 [See the preceding words.]

  1. In architecture, the representation of a basket, sometime set on the heads of caryatides.
  2. The vase or tambor of the Corinthian column; so called from its resemblance to a basket. Encyc.

CORB'EL, n.2

  1. A short piece of timber in a wall, jutting six or eight inches, as occasion requires, in the manner of a shoulder-piece; sometimes placed for strength under the semigirder of a platform. The under part is sometimes cut into the form of a boultin; sometimes of an ogee, or of a face, &c. – Encyc. Johnson.
  2. A niche or hollow left in walls for images, figures or statues. – Chambers.

COR'BY, n.

A raven. [Not in use.]

CORC'ULE, or CORC'LE, n. [L. corculum, but in a different sense. It is a diminutive from cor, the heart.]

In botany, the heart of the seed, or rudiment of a future plant, attached to and involved in the cotyledons. It consists of the plume or ascending part, and the rostel, or radicle, the simple descending part. – Martyn.

CORD, n. [W. cord; Fr. corde; It. corda; Sp. cuerda; D. koord; L. chorda; Gr. χορδη. According to the Welsh, this word signifies a twist, from côr, the root of chorus.]

  1. A string, or small rope, composed of several strands twisted together. Rahab let down the spies by a cord through the window. Josh. ii.
  2. A quantity of wood or other material, originally measured with a cord or line. The cord is a pile containing 128 cubic feet; or a pile eight feet long, four feet high, and four feet broad.
  3. In Scripture the cords of the wicked are the snares with which they catch the unwary. – Ps. cxxix. The cords of sin are bad habits, or the consequences of sin. – Prov. v. The cords of a man are the fair, gentle or natural means of alluring men to obedience. – Hos. xi. The cords of vanity are worldly vanities and pleasures, profit or preferment; or vain and deceitful arguments and pretenses, which draw men to sin. – Is. v. To stretch a line or cord about a city, is to level it, or utterly to destroy it. – Lam. ii. The cords of a tent denote stability. To loosen or break the cords, is to weaken or destroy; to lengthen the cords, is to enlarge. – Job xxx. Is. liv. Jer. x.

CORD, v.t.

  1. To bind with a cord or rope; to fasten with cords.
  2. To pile wood or other material for measurement and sale by the cord.

CORD'AGE, n. [Sp. cordage; Fr. id.: from cord.]

All sorts of cords or ropes, used in the running rigging of a ship, or kept in reserve to supply the place of that which may be rendered unserviceable. In a more general sense, the word includes all ropes and lines used on board of ships.

CORD'ATE, or CORD'A-TED, a. [L. cordatus, with a different signification, from cor, the heart.]

Having the form of a heart; heart-shaped; a term used by naturalists; as, a cordate leaf in botany, resembling the longitudinal section of the heart. Hence, cordate-oblong, heartshaped lengthened; cordate-lanceolate, heart-shaped, gradually tapering toward each extremity, like the head of a lance; cordate-sagittate, heart-shaped, but resembling the head of an arrow. – Martyn.


In a cordate form.

CORD'ED, pp.

  1. Bound or fastened with cords.
  2. Piled in a form for measurement by the cord.
  3. Made of cords; furnished with cords. – Shak.
  4. In heraldry, a cross corded is one wound with cords, or made of two pieces of wood. – Encyc.

COR-DE-LIER', n. [Fr. from corde, a girdle or cord worn by the order.]

A Franciscan friar; one of the order of religious founded by St. Francis; a gray friar. The Cordeliers wear a thick gray cloth, a little cowl, a chaperon, and a cloke, with a girdle of rope or cord, tied with three knots. – Encyc.



CORD'I-AL, a. [Fr. and Sp. cordial; It. cordiale; from L. cor, the heart.]

  1. Proceeding from the heart; hearty; sincere; not hypocritical; warm; affectionate; as, we give our friends a cordial reception. With looks of cordial love. – Milton.
  2. Reviving the spirits; cheering; invigorating; giving strength or spirits; as, cordial waters. – Wiseman.


  1. In medicine, that which suddenly excites the system, and increases the action of the heart or circulation when languid; any medicine which increases strength, raises the spirits, and gives life and cheerfulness to a person, when weak and depressed.
  2. Any thing that comforts, gladdens and exhilarates; as, good news is a cordial to the mind.


Having cordial affection. [Moore. 1841.]