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Converted into carbon or charcoal.


Converting into carbon.

CAR-BON-O-HY'DROUS, a. [carbon, and Gr. ὑδωρ, water.]

Composed of carbon and hydrogen.

CAR'BOY, n.1

A Turkish vessel for liquor.

CAR'BOY, n.2

A large globular bottle of green glass, inclosed in basket work for protection; used especially for carrying corrosive liquors, as sulphuric acid, &c.

CAR'BUN-CLE, n. [L. carbunculus, a little coal, from carbo.]

  1. An anthrax; an inflammatory tumor, or painful gangrenous boil or ulcer. – Coxe. Hooper.
  2. A beautiful gem, of a deep red color, with a mixture of scarlet, called by the Greeks anthrax, found in the East Indies. It is found pure, and adhering to a heavy ferruginous stone, of the emery kind. It is usually a quarter of an inch in length, and two-thirds of that in diameter, of an angular figure. When held up to the sun, it loses its deep tinge, and becomes exactly of the color of a burning coal. Encyc. The carbuncle of the ancients is supposed to have been a garnet. – Cleaveland.
  3. In heraldry, a charge or bearing consisting of eight radii, four of which make a common cross, and the other four, a saltier. – Encyc.


Set with carbuncles; spotted.


Belonging to a carbuncle; resembling a carbuncle; red; inflamed.

CAR-BUN-CU-LA'TION, n. [L. carbunculatio, from carbunculo, to burn to a coal, to blast. See Carbon.]

The blasting of the young buds of trees or plants, by excessive heat or cold. – Harris.


A combination of carbon with some other substance, the resulting compound not being an acid.


Combined with carbon; as, carbureted hydrogen gas. Carbureted hydrogen gas is called hydro-carbonate, being resolvable into carbonic acid and water, by combustion with oxygen. Aiken. Carbureted is applied to gaseous compounds. Thus we say carbureted hydrogen, instead of carburet of hydrogen. – Silliman.


The glutton, a voracious carnivorous animal.

CAR'CA-NET, n. [Fr. carcan, a chain; It. carcame.]

A chain or collar of jewels. – Shak. Hakewell.

CAR'CASS, n.1 [Fr. carcasse; It. carcame; Norm. carkoys, a mast, and a carcass. Qu. Gr. καρχησιον.]

  1. The body of an animal; usually the body when dead. It is not applied to the living body of the human species, except in low or ludicrous language.
  2. The decaying remains of a bulky thing, as of a boat or ship.
  3. The frame or main parts of a thing, unfinished or without ornament. This seems to be the primary sense of the word. [See the next word.] – Hale.

CAR'CASS, n.2 [It. carcassa; Sp. carcax; Fr. carcasse; D. karkas.]

An iron case or hollow vessel, about the size of a bomb, of an oval figure, filled with combustible and other substances, as meal-powder, salt-peter, sulphur, broken glass, turpentine, &c., to be thrown from a mortar into a town, to set fire to buildings. It has two or three apertures, from which the fire blazes, and the light sometimes serves as a direction in throwing shells. It is equipped with pistol-barrels, loaded with powder to the muzzle, which explode as the composition burns down to them. This instrument is probably named from the ribs of iron that form it, which resemble the ribs of a human carcass. – Encyc. Mar. Dict.

CAR'CEL-AGE, n. [L. carcer.]

Prison fees. [Not in use.]


A starting post.


Belonging to a prison.

CAR-CI-NO'MA, n. [Gr. καρκιυωμα, from καρκιυοω, καρκιυος, a cancer.]

A cancer; also, a turgescence of the veins of the eye. – Coxe.


Cancerous; like a cancer, or tending to it.

CARD, n.1 [Fr. carte; Sp. Port. and It. carta; L. charta; Gr. χαρυης; D. kaart; G. karte; Dan. kort; Ir. cairt; perhaps from bark, L. cortex, Ir. coirt or cairt, or the same root.]

  1. A paper or pasteboard of an oblong figure, on which are painted figures or points; used in games.
  2. A blank piece of paper, or the like paper with some writing upon it, used in messages of civility, or business.
  3. The paper on which the points of the compass are marked. Reason the card, but passion is the gale. – Pope.

CARD, n.2 [D. kaard; kardetsche; Dan. karde; Sw. karda; Fr. carde; Arm. encardoner; Sp. carda, teasel, and a card: Port. carda, a card, and cardo, a thistle; L. carduus; It. cardo, a thistle and a card; L. caro, to card; Ir. cir, a comb. It seems that card, and L. carduus, are the same word, and probably the plant (teasel) is the original word, or both are from a common root. The French carde is a card, and the stalks of the artichoke. Artichoke is so written for cardichoke.]

An instrument for combing, opening, and breaking wool or flax, freeing it from the coarser parts, and from extraneous matter. It is made by inserting bent teeth of wire in a thick piece of leather, and nailing this to a piece of oblong board, to which a handle is attached. But wool and cotton are now generally carded in mills by teeth fixed on a wheel moved by water.

CARD, v.i.

To play much at cards; to gain. – Johnson.

CARD, v.t.

To comb, or open wool, flax, hemp, &c., with a card, for the purpose of cleansing it of extraneous matter, separating the coarser parts, and making it fine and soft for spinning.

CARD'A-MINE, n. [Gr.]

The name of a genus of plants; the popular names of several species of which are Lady's smock, Cuckow-flower, meadow cress, &c.