Dictionary: GAR'LAND – GAR'RET

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GAR'LAND, n. [Fr. guirlande; It. ghirlanda; Sp. guirnalda; Port. grinalda; Arm. garlantez. This word has been referred to the L. gyrus, and it may be from the same root. It seems to denote something round or twisted, for in Spanish it is used for a wreath of cordage or puddening.]

  1. A wreath or chaplet made of branches, flowers, feathers, and sometimes of precious stones, to be worn on the head like a crown. Pope. Encyc.
  2. An ornament of flowers, fruits and leaves intermixed, anciently used at the gates of temples where feasts and solemn rejoicings were held. Encyc.
  3. The top; the principal thing, or thing most prized. Shak.
  4. A collection of little printed pieces. Percy.
  5. In ships, a sort of net used by sailors instead of a locker or cupboard. Mar. Dict.

GAR'LAND, v.t.

To deck with a garland. B. Jonson.


Adorned with a garland.


Decking with a garland.


Destitute of a garland.

GAR'LIC, n. [Sax. garlec or garleac; gar, a dart or lance, in Welsh, a shank, and leac, a leek; Ir. gairliog; W. garlleg. The Germans call it knoblauch, knobleek; D. knoflook; Gr. σκοροδον.]

A plant of the genus Allium, having a bulbous root, a very strong smell, and an acrid, pungent taste. Each root is composed of several lesser bulbs, called cloves of garlic, inclosed in a common membranous coat and easily separable. Encyc.


A low fellow. Shak.


A tree in Jamaica, the Crateva, bearing a fruit which has a strong scent of garlic. Miller.

GAR'MENT, n. [Norm. garnament; Old Fr. guarniment; It. guarnimento, furniture, ornament; from the root of garnish, and denoting what is put on or furnished.]

Any article of clothing, as a coat, a gown, &c. Garments in the plural, denotes clothing in general; dress. No man putteth a piece of new cloth to an old garment. Matth. ix.

GAR'NER, n. [Fr. grenier; Ir. geirneal; Norm. guernier, garnier. See Grain.]

A granary; a building or place where grain is stored for preservation.

GAR'NER, v.t.

To store in a granary. Shak.


Deposited in a garner.


Storing in a garner.

GAR'NET, n. [It. granato; Fr. grenat; Sp. granate; L. granatus, from granum, or granatum, the pomegranate.]

  1. A mineral usually occurring in crystals more or less regular. The crystals have numerous sides, from twelve to sixty or even eighty-four. Its prevailing color is red of various shades, but often brown, and sometimes green, yellow or black. It sometimes resembles the hyacinth, the leucite, and the idocrase. Of this gem there are several varieties; as, the precious or oriental, the pyrope, the topazolite, the succinite, the common garnet, the melanite, the pyrenaite, the grossular, the allochroite, the aplome, and the colophonite. Haüy. Cleaveland.
  2. In ships, a sort of tackle fixed to the main stay, and used to hoist in and out the cargo.


  1. Ornament; something added for embellishment; decoration. Matter and figure they produce; / For garnish this, and that for use. Prior.
  2. In jails, fetters; a cant term.
  3. Pensiuncala carceraria; a fee; an acknowledgment in money when first a prisoner goes to jail. Ainsworth.

GAR'NISH, v.t. [Fr. garnir; Arm. goarniça; Sp. guarnecer; It. guarnire, guernire; Norm. garner, garnisher, to warn, to summon. The latter sense is still used in law language, and it would seem that warn and garnish are from the same root, for warn, written in the Celtic manner, would be guarn.]

  1. To adorn; to decorate with appendages; to set off. All within with flowers was garnished. Spenser.
  2. To fit with fetters; a cant term.
  3. To furnish; to supply; as, a fort garnished with troops.
  4. In law, to warn; to give notice. [See Garnishee.]


  1. Adorned; decorated; embellished.
  2. Furnished.
  3. Warned; notified.


In law, one in whose hands the property of an absconding or absent debtor is attached, who is warned or notified of the demand or suit, and who may appear and defend in the suit, in the place of the principal. Stat. of Connecticut.


That which garnishes; ornament.


Adorning; decorating; warning.


  1. Ornament; embellishment. Wotton.
  2. Warning; legal notice to the agent or attorney of an absconding debtor.
  3. A fee.


Ornamental appendages; embellishment; furniture; dress. Addison. Beattie. Gray.

GA'ROUS, a. [L. garum, pickle.]

Resembling pickle made of fish. Brown.

GAR'RAN, or GAR'RON, n. [Ir. garran; Scot. garron; G. gurre.]

A small horse; a highland horse; a hack; a jade; a galloway. [Not used in America.] Temple.

GAR'RET, n. [Scot. garret, a watch-tower, the top of a hill; garritour, a watchman on the battlements of a castle; Fr. guerite, a sentinel-box; Sp. guardilla; Arm. garid; from the root of ward, guard, which see.]

  1. That part of a house which is on the upper floor, immediately under the roof.
  2. Rotten wood. [Not in use.] Bacon.