Dictionary: GEM'MY – GEN'ER-AL-NESS

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GEM'MY, a.

  1. Bright; glittering; full of gems.
  2. Neat; spruce; smart.

GE-MOTE', n. [Sax.]

A meeting. [Obs. See Meet.]


The name given to a variety of the antelope. J. Barrow.


In France, gens d'armes is the denomination given to a select body of troops, destined to watch over the interior public safety. In the singular, gendarme as written by Lunier, is properly anglicized gendarm.

GEN-DAR'MER-Y, n. [supra.]

The body of gendarms. Hume.

GEN'DER, n. [Fr. genre; Sp. genero; It. genere; from L. genus, from geno, gigno, Gr. γενναω, γινομαι, to beget, or to be born; Ir. geinim; W. geni, to be born; gan, a birth; cenaw, offspring; Gr. γενος, γονος; Eng. kind. From the same root, Gr. γυνη, a woman, a wife; Sans. gena, a wife, jani, a woman, and genaga, a father. We have begin from the same root. See Begin and Can.]

  1. Properly, kind; son. [Obs.] Shak.
  2. A sex, male or female. Hence,
  3. In grammar, a difference in words to express distinction of sex; usually a difference of termination in nouns, adjectives and participles, to express the distinction of male and female. But although this was the original design of different terminations, yet in the progress of language, other words having no relation to one sex or the other, came to have genders assigned them by custom. Words expressing males are said to be of the masculine gender; those expressing females, of the feminine gender; and in some languages, words expressing things having no sex, are of the neuter or neither gender.

GEN'DER, v.i.

To copulate; to breed. Levit. xix.

GEN'DER, v.t.

To beget; but engender is more generally used,

GEN-E-A-LOG'IC-AL, a. [from genealogy.]

  1. Pertaining to the descent of persons or families; exhibiting the succession of families from a progenitor; as, a genealogical table.
  2. According to the descent of a person or family from an ancestor; as, genealogical order.


By genealogy.


He who traces descents of persons or families.


To relate the history of descents. Trans. of Pausanias.

GEN-E-AL'O-GY, n. [L. genealogia; Gr. γενεαλογια; γενος, race, and λογος, discourse; Sax. cyn, gecynd; Eng. kind.]

  1. An account or history of the descent of a person or family from an ancestor; enumeration of ancestors and their children in the natural order of succession.
  2. Pedigree; lineage; regular descent of a person or family from a progenitor.


See Genus.


That may be engendered, begotten or produced. Bentley.

GEN'ER-AL, a. [Fr. from L. generalis, from genus, a kind.]

  1. Properly, relating to a whole genus or kind; and hence, relating to a whole class or order. Thus we speak of a general law of the animal or vegetable economy. This word, though from genus, kind, is used to express whatever is common to an order, class, kind, sort or species, or to any company or association of individuals.
  2. Comprehending many species or individuals; not special or particular; as, it is not logical to draw a general inference or conclusion from a particular fact.
  3. Lax in signification; not restrained or limited to a particular import; not specific; as, a loose and general expression.
  4. Public; common; relating to or comprehending the whole community; as, the general interest or safety of a nation. To all general purposes, we have uniformly been one people. – Federalist, Jay.
  5. Common to many or the greatest number; as, a general opinion; a general custom.
  6. Not directed to a single object. If the same thing be peculiarly evil, that general aversion will be turned into a particular hatred against it. – Spratt.
  7. Having a relation to all; common to the, whole. Adam, our general sire. – Milton.
  8. Extensive, though not universal; common; usual. This word is prefixed or annexed to words, to express the extent of their application. Thus a general assembly is an assembly of a whole body, in fact or by representation. In Scotland, it is the whole church convened by its representatives. In America, a legislature is sometimes called a general assembly. In logic, a general term is a term which is the sign of a general idea. An attorney general, and a solicitor general, is an officer who conducts suite and prosecutions for the king or for a nation or state, and whose authority is general in the state or kingdom. A vicar general has authority as vicar or substitute over a whole territory or jurisdiction. An adjutant general assists the general of an army, distributes orders, receives returns, &c. The word general thus annexed to a name of office, denotes chief or superior; as, a commissary general, quarter-master general. In the line, a general officer is one who commands an army a division or a brigade.


  1. The whole; the total; that which comprehends all or the chief part; opposed to particular. In particulars our knowledge begins, and so spreads itself by degrees to generals. Locke. A history painter paints man in general. Reynolds.
  2. In general, in the main; for the most part; not always or universally. I have shown that he excels, in general, under each of these heads. Addison.
  3. The chief commander of an army. But to distinguish this officer from other generals, he is often called general in chief. The officer second in rank is called lieutenant general.
  4. The commander of a division of an army or militia, usually called a major general.
  5. The commander of a brigade, called a brigadier general.
  6. A particular beat of drum or march, being that which, in the morning, gives notice for the infantry to be in readiness to march. Encyc.
  7. The chief of an order of monks, or of all the houses or congregations established under the same rule. Encyc.
  8. The public; the interest of the whole; the vulgar. [Not in use.] Shak.

GEN-ER-AL-IS'SI-MO, n. [It.]

  1. The chief commander of an army or military force.
  2. The supreme commander; sometimes a title of honor; as, Alexander generalissimo of Greece. Brown.

GEN-E-RAL'I-TY, n. [Fr. generalité; It. generalità.]

  1. The state of being general; the quality of including species or particulars. Hooker.
  2. The main body; the bulk; the greatest part; as, the generality of a nation or of mankind. Addison.


The act of extending from particulars to generals; the act of making general.


  1. To extend from particulars or species to genera, or to whole kinds or classes; to make general, or common to a number. Copernicus generalized the celestial motions, by merely referring them to the moon's motion. Newton generalized them still more, by referring this last to the motion of a stone through the air. Nicholson.
  2. To reduce to a genus. Reid.


Extended to generals.


Extending to generals; or to genera.

GEN'ER-AL-LY, adv.

  1. In general; commonly; extensively, though not universally; most frequently, but not without exceptions. A hot summer generally follows a cold winter. Men are generally more disposed to censure than to praise, as they generally suppose it easier to depress excellence in others than to equal or surpass it by elevating themselves.
  2. In the main; without detail; in the whole taken together. Generally speaking, they live very quietly. Addison.


Wide extent, though short of universality; frequency; commonness. Sidney.