Dictionary: GLOOM – GLOS-SA'RIAL

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GLOOM, v.t.

To obscure; to fill with gloom; to darken; to make dismal. Young.


Filled with gloom.

GLOOM'I-LY, adv. [from gloomy.]

  1. Obscurely; dimly; darkly; dismally.
  2. With melancholy aspect; sullenly; not cheerfully. Dryden. Thomson.


  1. Want of light; obscurity; darkness; dismalness.
  2. Want of cheerfulness; cloudiness of look; heaviness of mind; melancholy; as, to involve the mind in gloominess. Addison.

GLOOM'Y, a. [from gloom.]

  1. Obscure; imperfectly illuminated; or dark; dismal; as, the gloomy cells of a convent; the gloomy shades of night.
  2. Wearing the aspect of sorrow; melancholy; clouded; dejected; depressed; heavy of heart; as, a gloomy countenance or state of mind; a gloomy temper.
  3. Of a dark complexion. [Little used.] Milton.

GLOP'PEN, v.t.

To surprise or astonish. N. of England.



GLO-RI-A'TION, n. [L. gloriatio.]

Boast; a triumphing. [Not used.] Richardson.

GLO'RI-ED, a. [See Glory.]

Illustrious; honorable. [Not used.] Milton.

GLO-RI-FI-CA'TION, n. [See Glorify.]

  1. The act of giving glory or of ascribing honors to. Taylor.
  2. Exaltation to honor and dignity; elevation to glory; as, the glorification of Christ after his resurrection.


Honored; dignified; exalted to glory;

GLO'RI-FY, v.t. [Fr. glorifier; L. gloria and facio, to make.]

  1. To praise; to magnify and honor in worship; to ascribe honor to, in thought or words. Ps. lxxxvi. 9. God is glorified, when such his excellency, above all thing, is with due admiration acknowledged. Hooker.
  2. To make glorious; to exalt to glory, or to celestial happiness. Whom he justified, them he also glorified. Rom. viii. The God of our fathers hath glorified his son Jesus. Acts iii.
  3. To praise; to honor; to extol. Whomsoever they find to be most licentious of life, him they set up and glorify. Spenser.
  4. To procure honor or praise to. Shak.


Praising; honoring in worship; exalting to glory; honoring; extolling.

GLO'RI-OUS, a. [Fr. glorieux; L. gloriosus. See Glory.]

  1. Illustrious; of exalted excellence and splendor; resplendent in majesty and divine attributes; applied to God. Ex. 11.
  2. Noble; excellent; renowned; celebrated; illustrious; very honorable; applied to men, their achievements, titles, &c. Let us remember we are Cato's friends, / And act like men who claim that glorious title. Addison.
  3. Boastful; self-exulting; haughty; ostentatious. [Obs.] Bacon.


Splendidly; illustriously; with great renown or dignity. Sing ye to the Lord, for he hath triumphed gloriously. Ex. xv.

GLO'RY, n. [L. gloria; Fr. gloire; Sp. and It. gloria; Ir. gloir, glory, and glor, clear; W. eglar, clear, bright; Arm. gloar, glory. It coincides with clear, and the primary sense seems to be to open, to expand, to enlarge. So splendor is from the Celtic ysplan, open, clear, plain, L. planus; hence, bright, shining. Glory, then, is brightness, splendor. The L. floreo, to blossom, to flower, to flourish, is probably of the same family.]

  1. Brightness; luster; splendor. The moon, serene in glory, mounts the sky. Pope. For he received from God the Father honor and glory, when there came such a voice to him from the excellent glory. 2 Pet. i. In this passage of Peter, the latter word glory refers to the visible splendor or bright cloud that overshadowed Christ at his transfiguration. The former word glory, though the same in the original, is to be understood in a figurative sense.
  2. Splendor; magnificence. Solomon, in all his glory, was not arrayed like one of these. Matth. vi.
  3. The circle of rays surrounding the head of a figure in painting.
  4. Praise ascribed in adoration; honor. Glory to God in the highest. Luke ii.
  5. Honor; praise; fame; renown; celebrity. The hero pants for glory in the field. It was the glory of Howard to relieve the wretched.
  6. The felicity of heaven prepared for the children of God; celestial bliss. Thou shall guide me with thy counsel, and afterward receive me to glory. Ps. lxxiii.
  7. In Scripture, the divine presence; or the ark, the manifestation of it. The glory is departed from Israel. 1 Sam. iv.
  8. The divine perfections or excellence. The heavens declare the glory of God. Ps. xix.
  9. Honorable representation of God. 1 Cor. xi. 8.
  10. Distinguished honor or ornament; that which honors or makes renowned; that of which one may boast. Babylon, the glory of kingdoms. Is. xiii.
  11. Pride; boastfulness; arrogance; as, vain glory.
  12. Generous pride. Sidney.

GLO'RY, v.i. [L. glorior, from gloria.]

  1. To exult with joy; to rejoice. Glory ye in his holy name. Ps. cv. 1 Chron. xvi.
  2. To boast; to be proud of. No one should glory in his prosperity. Richardson.


The act of exulting; exultation; boasting; display of pride. Your glorying is not good. 1 Cor. v.

GLO'RY-ING, ppr.

Exulting with joy; boasting.


Smitten with glory. Coleridge.

GLOSE, or GLO'SER, v.i. [or n. See GLOZE.]

GLOSS, n. [G. glosse, a gloss or comment; glotzen, to gleam, to glimmer. In Sax. glesan signifies to explain, to flatter, to gloze. From the Gr. γλωσσα, the tongue, and a strap, the L. has glossa, a tongue, and interpretation. In Heb. גלש signifies to shine, but from the sense of smoothness; Syr. ܓܠܫ galash, to peel, to shave, to make bald. Whether these words are all of one family, let the reader judge. The radical sense appears to be, to open, to make clear, and the sense of tongue is probably to extend. If the first letter is a prefix, the other letters Ls are the elements of Ir. leos, light, L. lustro, Eng. luster; and it is remarkable that in Russ. losk is luster, polish, and laskayu is to flatter. The Gr. γλωττα, in the Attic dialect, is a tongue, and in Swedish and German, glatt, Dan. glat, D. glad, is smooth.]

  1. Brightness or luster of a body proceeding from a smooth surface; as, the gloss of silk; cloth is calendered to give it a gloss.
  2. A specious appearance or representation; external show that may mislead opinion. It is no part of my secret meaning to set on the face of this cause any fairer gloss than the naked truth doth afford. Hooker.
  3. An interpretation artfully specious. Sidney.
  4. Interpretation; comment; explanation; remark intended to illustrate a subject. All this, without a gloss or comment, / He would unriddle in a moment. Hudibras. Explaining the text in short glosses. Baker.

GLOSS, v.i.

  1. To comment; to write or make explanatory remarks. Dryden.
  2. To make sly remarks. Prior.

GLOSS, v.t.

  1. To give a superficial luster to; to make smooth and shining; as, to gloss cloth by the calender; to gloss mahogany.
  2. To explain; to render clear and evident by comments; to illustrate.
  3. To give a specious appearance to; to render specious and plausible; to palliate by specious representation. You have the art to gloss the foulest cause. Philips.


Containing explanation.