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The state of a graduate. Milton


Honoring with a degree; marking with degrees.


  1. Regular progression by succession of degrees.
  2. Improvement; exaltation of qualities. Brown.
  3. The act of conferring or receiving academical degrees. Charter of Dartmouth College.
  4. The act of marking with degrees.
  5. The process of bringing a liquid to a certain consistence by evaporation. Parke.


An instrument for dividing any line, right or curve, into equal parts. Journ. of Science.

GRAFF, n.1 [See Grave.]

A ditch or moat. Clarendon.

GRAFF, n.2 [for Graft. Obs.]

GRAFT, n. [Fr. greffe; Arm. id; Ir. grafchur; D. griffel; from the root of grave, engrave, Gr. γραφω, L. scribo, the sense of which is to scrape or to dig. In Scot. graif, signifies to bury, to inter. The sense of graft is that which is inserted. See Grave.]

A small shoot or cion of a tree, inserted in another tree as the stock which is to support and nourish it. These unite and become one tree, but the graft determines the kind of fruit.

GRAFT, v.i.

To practice the insertion of foreign cions on a stock.

GRAFT, v.t. [Fr. greffer.]

  1. To insert a cion or shoot, or a small cutting of it, into another tree. Dryden.
  2. To propagate by insertion or inoculation. Dryden.
  3. To insert in a body to which it did not originally belong. Rom. xi. 17.
  4. To impregnate with a foreign branch. Shak.
  5. To join one thing to another so as to receive support from it. And graft my love immortal on thy fame. Pope.


Inserted on a foreign stock.


One who inserts cions on foreign stocks, or propagates fruit by ingrafting.

GRAFT'-ING, ppr.

Inserting cions on different stocks. Note. The true original orthography of this word is graff; but graft has superseded the original word, as it has in the compound ingraft.

GRAIL, n.1 [L. graduale.]

A book of offices in the Romish church. Warton.

GRAIL, n.2 [Fr. grêle, hail.]

Small articles of any kind. Spenser.

GRAIN, n. [Fr. grain; L. granum; Sp. and It. grano; G. gran; D. graan; Ir. gran, corn; W. graun, graen, gronyn, a little pebble or gravel stone, Ir. grean, Arm. gruan, which seems to be the Eng. ground; Russ. gran, grain, and a corner, a boundary. In Scot. grain is the branch of a tree, the stem or stalk of a plant, the branch of a river, the prong of a fork. In Sw. gryn is grain; grann, fine; gren, a branch; and gräns, boundary. Dan. gran, a grain, a pinetree; grand, a grain, an atom; green, a branch, a sprig; grændse, a boundary; G. gran, D. graan, grain; G. gränze, D. grens, a border.]

  1. Any small hard mass; as, a grain of sand or gravel. Hence,
  2. A single seed or hard seed of a plant, particularly of those kinds whose seeds are used for food of man or beast. This is usually inclosed in a proper shell or covered with a husk, and contains the embryo of a new plant. Hence,
  3. Grain, without a definitive, signifies corn in general, or the fruit of certain plants which constitutes the chief food of man and beast, as wheat, rye, barley, oats, and maiz.
  4. A minute particle.
  5. A small weight, or the smallest weight ordinarily used, being the twentieth part of the scruple in apothecaries' weight, and the twenty fourth of a pennyweight troy.
  6. A component part of stones and metals.
  7. The veins or fibers of wood or other fibrous substance; whence, cross-grained, and against the grain.
  8. The body or substance of wood as modified by the fibers. Hard box, and linden of a softer grain. Dryden.
  9. The body or substance of a thing considered with respect to the size, form or direction of the constituent particles; as, stones of a fine grain. Woodward. The tooth of a sea-horse, contains a curdled grain. Brown.
  10. Any thing proverbially small; a very small particle or portion; as, a grain of wit or of common sense. Neglect not to make use of any grain of grace. – Hammond.
  11. Dyed or stained substance. All in a robe of darkest grain. – Milton.
  12. The direction of the fibers of wood or other fibrous substance; hence the phrase, against the grain, applied to animals, that is, against their natural tempers.
  13. The heart or temper; as, brothers not united in grain. – Hayward.
  14. The form of the surface of any thing with respect to smoothness or roughness; state of the grit of any body composed of grains; as, sandstone of a fine grain.
  15. A tine, prong or spike. – Ray. A grain of allowance, a small allowance or indulgence; a small portion to be remitted; something above or below just weight. – Watts. To dye in grain, is to dye in the raw material, as wool or silk before it is manufactured.

GRAIN, or GRANE, v. [for Groan.]

[Not in use.]

GRAIN, v.i.

To yield fruit. [Obs.] – Gower.


  1. Rough; made less smooth. – Shak.
  2. Dyed in grain; ingrained. – Brown.


A lixivium obtained by infusing pigeon's dung in water; used by tanners to give flexibility to skins. – Ure.


  1. Indentation. – Leake.
  2. A fish of the dace kind. – Dict. Nat. Hist.

GRAINS, n. [in the plural.]

The husks or remains of malt after brewing, or of any grain after distillation. Grains of paradise, an Indian spice, the seeds of a species of Amomum.


A quarter-staff.


Full of grains or corn; full of kernels. Johnson.

GRAITH, v.t.

To prepare. [See Greith and Ready.]

GRAL'LAE, n. [plur. L.]

Sec the next word.