Dictionary: GRIPE – GRIT'TY

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GRIPE, v.i.

  1. To seize or catch by pinching; to get money by hard bargains or mean exactions; as, a griping miser.
  2. To feel the colic. Locke.
  3. To lie too close to the wind, as a ship.

GRIPE, v.t. [Sax. gripan; Goth. greipan; D. grypen; G. greifen; Sw. gripa; Dan. griber; Fr. gripper; Arm. scraba, scrapein; W. grab, a cluster, a grape; grabin, a clasping; grabiniaw, to grapple, to scramble. Qu. Sans. grepipan. These words may be allied in origin to L. rapio.]

  1. To seize; to grasp; to catch with the hand, and to clasp closely with the fingers.
  2. To hold fast; to hold with the fingers closely pressed.
  3. To seize and hold fast in the arms; to embrace closely.
  4. To close the fingers; to clutch. Pope.
  5. To pinch; to press; to compress.
  6. To give pain to the bowels, as if by pressure or contraction.
  7. To pinch; to straiten; to distress; as, griping poverty.


Disposed to gripe.


One who gripes; an oppressor; an extortioner.


  1. A pinching or grasp; a peculiar pain of the intestines.
  2. In seamen's language, the inclination of a ship to ran to the windward of her course. Mar. Dict.

GRIP'ING, ppr.

Grasping; seizing; bolding fast; pinching; oppressing; distressing the bowels.


With a peculiar pain in the intestines.

GRIP'PLE, a. [from gripe.]

  1. Griping; greedy; covetous; unfeeling. [Obs.] Spenser.
  2. Grasping fast; tenacious. [Obs.] Spenser.


Covetousness. [Obs.] Bp. Hall.

GRIS, n. [Fr. gris, gray.]

A kind of fur. Chaucer.


Used by Milton for ambergris. [Obs.]


  1. A step or scale of steps. [L. gressus, Sw. resa. See Greece.] [Obs.] Shak.
  2. A swine. [Obs.]

GRI-SETTE', n. [griset'; Fr.]

A tradesman's wife or daughter. [Not used.] Sterne.

GRIS'KIN, n. [See Grise.]

The spine of a hog. [Not in use.]

GRIS'LY, a. [s as z. Sax. grislic; G. grass, grässlich and graus; W. ecrys, dire, shocking, that causes to start, from rhys, a rushing; Sax. agrisan, to shudder.]

Frightful; horrible; terrible; as, grisly locks; a grisly countenance; a grisly face; a grisly specter; a grisly bear. Shak. Milton. Dryden.


Inhabitants of the eastern Swiss Alps.

GRIST, n. [Sax. grist; Eth. ሐረጸ charats, to grind, coinciding with Heb. and Ch. חרץ. Class Rd, No. 60, 58, &c.]

  1. Properly, that which is ground; hence, corn ground; but in common usage, it signifies corn for grinding, or that which is ground at one time; as much grain as is carried to the mill at one time, or the meal it produces. Get grist to the mill to hare plenty in store. Tusser.
  2. Supply; provision. Swift.
  3. Profit; gain. [as in Latin emolumentum, from molo, to grind.] in the phrase, it brings grist to the mill.

GRIS'TLE, n. [grisl; Sax. gristle; perhaps the L. cartil, in cartilago; cartil for cratil. Qu. Gr. καρτερος, κρατερος, stong, or Ir. crislion, sinews.]

A cartilage; a smooth, solid, elastic substance in animal bodies, chiefly in those parts where a small easy motion is required, as in the nose, ears, larynx, trachea and sternum. It covers the ends of all bones which are united by movable articulations. Quincy.


Consisting of gristle; like gristle; cartilaginous; as, the gristly rays of fins connected by membranes. Ray.


A mill for grinding grain.

GRIT, n. [Sax. greot or gryt, grytta; G. gries, grit; grütze, groats; D. grut, grutte, and gruis; Dan. grus or gröd; Sw. grus; probably allied to grate; Dan. grytter, to bruise or grate; W. grut, grud, the latter from rhud, a cast, or driving forward.]

  1. The coarse part of meal.
  2. Oats hulled, or coarsely ground; written also groats.
  3. Sand or gravel; rough hard particles.
  4. Sandstone; stone composed of particles of sand agglutinated.


Agreement. [Not in use.] Chaucer.



The quality of containing grit or consisting of grit, sand, or small hard, rough particles of stone.


Containing sand or grit; consisting of grit; full of hard particles; sandy.