Dictionary: GROWL – GRUDG'ING

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The murmur of a cross dog.

GROWL, v.i. [Gr. γρυλλη, a grunting; Flemish grollen. Junius. D. krollen, to caterwaul.]

To murmur or snarl, as a dog; to utter an angry, grumbling sound. Gay.

GROWL, v.t.

To express by growling. Thomson.


A snarling cur; a grumbler.


Grumbling; snarling.


In a grumbling manner.

GROWN, pp. [of grow.]

  1. Advanced; increased in growth.
  2. Having arrived at full size or stature; as, a grown woman. Locke. Grown over, covered by the growth of any thing; overgrown.

GROWSE, v.i. [Sax. agrisan.]

To shiver; to have chills. [Not used.] Ray.


  1. The gradual increase of animal and vegetable bodies; the process of springing from a germ, seed or root, and proceeding to full size, by the addition of matter, through ducts and secretory vessels. In plants, vegetation. We speak of slow growth and rapid growth; of early growth, late growth, and full growth.
  2. Product; produce; that which has grown; as, a fine growth of wood.
  3. Production; any thing produced; as, a poem of English growth. Dryden.
  4. Increase in number, bulk or frequency. Johnson.
  5. Increase in extent or prevalence; as, the growth of trade; the growth of vice.
  6. Advancement; progress; improvement; as, growth, in grace or piety.

GROWT'HEAD, or GROWT'NOL, n. [probably gross or great-head.]

  1. A kind of fish. Ainsworth.
  2. A lazy person; a lubber. [Obs.] Tusser.

GRUB, n. [from the Verb.]

  1. A small worm; particularly, a hexapode or six-footed worm, produced from the egg of the beetle, which is transformed into a winged insect.
  2. A short thick man; a dwarf, in contempt. Carew.

GRUB, v.i. [Goth. graban. See Grave. The primary sense is probably to rub, to rake, scrape or scratch, as wild animals dig by scratching. Russ. grebu, to rake, to row; greben, a comb; grob, a grave; groblia, a ditch.]

To dig; to be occupied in digging.

GRUB, v.t.

To dig; mostly followed by up. To grub up, is to dig up by the roots with an instrument; to root out by digging, or throwing out the soil; as, to grub up trees, rushes or sedge.


One who grubs up shrubs, &c.


Operation of digging up shrubs, &c. by the roots.


Digging up by the roots.


An instrument for digging up trees, shrubs, &c. by the roots; a mattoc; called also a grub-ax.

GRUB'BLE, v.i. [G. grübeln. See Grovel and Grabble.]

To feel in the dark; to grovel. [Not much used.] Dryden.


Originally, the name of a street near Moorfields, in London, much inhabited by mean writers; hence applied to mean writings; as, a Grubstreet poem. Johnson.


  1. Sullen malice or malevolence; ill will; secret enmity; hatred; as, an old grudge. B. Johnson.
  2. Unwillingness to benefit.
  3. Remorse of conscience. [Obs.]

GRUDGE, v.i.

  1. To murmur; to repine; to complain; as, to grudge or complain of injustice. Hooker.
  2. To be unwilling or reluctant. Grudge not to serve your country.
  3. To be envious. Grudge not one against another. James v.
  4. To wish in secret. [Not used nor proper.]
  5. To feel compunction; to grieve. [Not in use.]

GRUDGE, v.t. [W. grwg, a broken, rumbling noise; grwgaç, a murmur, and, as a verb, to murmur; grwgaçu, to grumble; from the root of rhwciaw, to grunt or grumble; rhwç, a grunt, what is rough; L. rugio; Scot. gruch, to grudge, to repine; Gr. γρυζω. We see the primary sense is to grumble, and this from the root of rough.]

  1. To be discontented at another's enjoyments or advantages; to envy one the possession or happiness which we desire for ourselves. 'Tis not in thee / To grudge my pleasures, to cut off my train. Shak. I have often heard the Presbyterians say, they did not grudge us our employments. Swift. It is followed by two objects, but probably by ellipsis; as, grudge us, for grudge to us.
  2. To give or take unwillingly. Nor grudge my cold embraces in the grave. Dryden. They have grudged those contributions, which have set our country at the head of all the governments of Europe. Addison.

GRUDG'EONS, n. plur.

Coarse meal. [Not in use.] Beaum.


One that grudges; a murmurer.


  1. Uneasiness at the possession of something by another.
  2. Reluctance; also, a secret wish or desire. Dryden. He had a grudging still to be a knave, [Obs.] Dryden.
  3. A symptom of disease. [Not in use.] Jackson.