Dictionary: GRUTCH – GUARD'ED-LY

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GRUTCH, v. [or n. for Grudge, is now vulgar, and not to be used.]

GRY, n. [Gr. γρυ.]

  1. A measure containing one-tenth of a line. Locke.
  2. Any thing very small or of little value. [Not much used.]

GRYPH'ITE, n. [L. gryphites; Gr. γρυπος, hooked.]

Crowstone, an oblong fossil shell, narrow at the head, and wider toward the extremity, where it ends in a circular limb; the head or beak is very hooked. Encyc.


A bird discovered by Humboldt in South America, of the genus Steatornis.


The name of a genus of plants, and also, of the resin of the species G. officinale, popularly called Lignum vitæ, or pox wood; a tree produced in the warm climates of America. The wood is very hard, ponderous and resinous. The resin of this tree, or guaiacum, is of a greenish cast, and much used in medicine. Encyc.

GUA'NA, n.

A species of lizard, found in the warmer parts of America.


The Auchenia Huanaca, a species of the genus of ruminant mammals, to which the lama belongs. It inhabits the Andes, and is domesticated. It is allied to the camel.

GUA'NO, n.

A substance found on many isles in the Pacific, which are frequented by fowls; used as a manure. Ure.

GUA'RA, n.

A bird of Brazil, the Tantalus ruber, about the size of a spoonbill. When first hatched, it is black; it afterward changes to gray, and then to vivid red. Dict. of Nat. Hist.

GUA-RAN'I-NA, n. [from Sp. guarana, a Brazilian medicine, obtained from the fruit of Paullinia sorbilis.]

A supposed alkaloid obtained from guarana, or Paullinia sorbilis. It possesses the general properties of the vegetable alkaloids, with peculiarities, which distinguish it from the rest.


A warrantor. [See Guaranty, the Noun.]

GUAR'AN-TIED, pp. [gar'antied.]

Warranted. [See the Verb.]

GUAR'AN-TOR, n. [gar'antor.]

A warrantor; one who engages to see that the stipulations of another are performed; also, one who engages to secure another in any right or possession.

GUAR'AN-TY, n. [gar'anty; Fr. garant; Sp. garantia; Arm. goarand; Ir. barranta; W. gwarant.]

  1. An undertaking or engagement-by a third person or party, that the stipulations of a treaty shall be observed by the contracting parties or by one of them; an undertaking that the engagement or promise of another shall be performed. We say, a clause of guaranty in a treaty. Hamilton.
  2. One who binds himself to see the stipulations of another performed; written also guarantee.

GUAR'AN-TY, v.t. [gar'anty; Fr. garantir; It. guarentire; Arm. goaranti; W. gwarantu, from gwar, secure, smooth, or rather from gwara, to fend, to fence, the root of guard, that is, to drive off, to hold off, to stop; D. waaren, to preserve, to indemnify; Sax. werian, to defend; Eng. to ward; allied to warren, &c. See Warrant.]

  1. To warrant; to make sure; to undertake or engage that another person shall perform what he has stipulated; to oblige one's self to see that another's engagements are performed; to secure the performance of; as, to guaranty the execution of a treaty. Madison. Hamilton.
  2. To undertake to secure to another, at all events, as claims, rights or possessions. Thus in the treaty of 1778, France guarantied to the United States their liberty, sovereignty and independence, and their possessions; and the United States guarantied to France its possessions in America. The United States shalt guaranty to every state in the Union a republican form of government. Const. of United States.
  3. To indemnify; to save harmless. Note. This verb, whether written guaranty or guarantee, forms an awkward participle of the present tense; and we cannot relish either guarantying or guaranteeing. With the accent on the first syllable, as now pronounced, it seems expedient to drop the y in the participle, and write guaranting.

GUARD, n. [Fr. garde; Sp. guarda; It. guardia; Eng. ward.]

  1. Defense; preservation or security against injury, loss or attack.
  2. That which secures against attack or injury; that which defends. Modesty is the guard of innocence.
  3. A man or body of men occupied in preserving a person or place from attack or injury; he or they whose business is to defend, or to prevent attack or surprise. Kings have their guards to secure their persons. Joseph was sold to Potiphar, a captain of Pharaoh's guard.
  4. A state of caution or vigilance; or the act of observing what passes in order to prevent surprise or attack; care; attention; watch; heed. Be on your guard. Temerity puts a man off his guard.
  5. That which secures against objections or censure; caution of expression. They have expressed themselves with as few guards and restrictions as I. Atterbury.
  6. Part of the hilt of a sword, which protects the hand.
  7. In fencing, a posture of defense.
  8. An ornamental lace, hem or border. [Obs.]
  9. The railing of the promenade deck of a steamer, intended to secure persons from falling overboard. Advanced guard, or Van guard, in military affairs, a body of troops, either horse or foot, that march before an army or division, to prevent surprise, or give notice of danger. Rear guard, a body of troops that march in the rear of army or division, for its protection. Life guard, a body of select troops, whose duty is to defend the person of a prince or other officer.

GUARD, v.i.

To watch by way of caution or defense; to be cautious; to be in a state of defense or safety. Guard against mistakes, or against temptations.

GUARD, v.t. [gàrd; Fr. garder; Sp. and Port. guardar; It. guardare, to keep, preserve, defend; also, to look, to behold; Basque, gordi; W. gwara, to fend, or guard, to fence, to play. The primary sense is to strike, strike back, repel, beat down, or to turn back or stop; hence, to keep or defend, as by repelling assault or danger. The sense of seeing, looking, is secondary, from the sense of guarding, and we retain a similar application of the root of this word in beware; or it is from the sense of reaching, or casting the eye, or from turning the head. This is the English to ward. In W. gwar is secure, mild, placid, that is, set, fixed, held. It seems to be allied to G. wahr, true, L. verus; währen, to keep, to last, to hold out; bewahren, to keep or preserve; bewähren, to verify, to confirm; D. waar, true; waaren, to keep, preserve, indemnify; waarande, a warren, and guaranty; waarison, a garrison; Dan. vaer, wary, vigilant, watching; Eng. ware, aware; Dan. værger, to guard, defend, maintain; vare, a guard, or watch, wares, merchandise; varer, to keep, last, endure; Sw. vara, to watch, and to be, to exist; Dan. værer, to be; Sax. warian, werian, to guard, to defend, to be wary. The sense of existing implies extension or continuance. See Regard and Reward.]

  1. To secure against injury, loss or attack; to protect; to defend; to keep in safety. We guard a city by walls and forts. A harbor is guarded by ships, booms or batteries. Innocence should be guarded by prudence and piety. Let observation and experience guard us against temptations to vice.
  2. To secure against objections or the attacks of malevolence. Homer has guarded every circumstance with caution. Broome.
  3. To accompany and protect; to accompany for protection; as, to guard a general on a journey; to guard the baggage of an army.
  4. To adorn with lists, laces or ornaments. [Obs.] Shak.
  5. To gird; to fasten by binding. B. Jonson.


That may be protected. Sir A. Williams.


Wardship. [Obs.] Shak.


  1. Acting as guardian. [Obs.]
  2. In heraldry, having the face turned toward the spectator.


A boat appointed to row the rounds among ships of war in a harbor, to observe that their officers keep a good lookout. Mar. Dict.


A guard-room. 1 Kings xiv.


  1. Defended; protected; accompanied by guard; provided with means of defense.
  2. adj. Cautious; circumspect. He was guarded in his expressions.
  3. Framed or uttered with caution; as, his expressions were guarded.


With circumspection.