Dictionary: I'CING – I-DE'A-LESS

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I'CING, ppr.

Covering with concreted sugar.

I'CON, n. [Gr. εικων, an image, from εικω, to resemble.]

An image or representation. [Not in use.] Brown. Hakewill.

I'CON-ISM, a. [Gr.]

A figure or representation. More.


The act of breaking or destroying images, as of idolaters.

I-CON'O-CLAST, n. [Fr. iconoclaste; Gr. εικων, an image, and κλαστης, a breaker, from κλαω, to break.]

A breaker or destroyer of images; a name which Catholics give to those who reject the use of images in religious worship Encyc.


Breaking images.

I-CON-OG'RA-PHY, n. [Gr. εικων, an image, and γραφω, to describe.]

The description of images or ancient statues, busts, semibusts, paintings in fresco, mosaic works, and ancient pieces of miniature.

I-CON-OL'A-TER, n. [Gr. εικων, an image, and κατρευς, a servant.]

One that worships images; a name given to the Romanists.

I-CON-OL'O-GY, n. [Gr. εικων, an image, and λογος, a discourse.]

The doctrine of images or emblematical representations. Johnson.

I-CO-SA-HE'DRAL, a. [Gr. εικοσι, twenty, and ἑδρα, seat, basis.]

Having twenty equal sides.

I-CO-SA-HE'DRON, n. [supra.]

A solid of twenty equal sides. In geometry, a regular solid, consisting of twenty triangular pyramids, whose vertices meet in the center of a sphere supposed to circumscribe it, and therefore have their highths and bases equal. Encyc. Enfield.

I-CO-SAN'DER, a. [Gr. εικοσι, twenty, and ανηρ, a male.]

In botany, a plant having twenty or more stamens inserted in the calyx. Linnaeus. Note. A writer on botany has suggested, that as the proper character of plants of this class is the insertion of the stamens in the calyx, it might be expedient to denominate the class Calycandria. Journ. of Science.


Pertaining to the class of plants, Icosandria, having twenty or more stamens inserted in the calyx.


An epithet applied to flowers which have twenty or more stamens inserted in the calyx.

IC-TER'IC, or IC-TER'IC-AL, a. [L. ictericus, from icterus, jaundice.]

  1. Affected with the jaundice.
  2. Good in the cure of the jaundice.


A remedy for the jaundice. Swift.

IC-TER-I'TIOUS, or IC-TER'IT-OUS, a. [L. icterus, jaundice.]

Yellow; having the color of the skin when it is affected by the jaundice.

I'CY, a. [from ice.]

  1. Abounding with ice; as, the icy regions of the north.
  2. Cold; frosty; as, icy chains. Shak.
  3. Made of ice.
  4. Resembling ice; chilling. Religion lays not an icy hand on the true joys of life. Buckminster
  5. Cold; frigid; destitute of affection or passion. Shak.
  6. Indifferent; unaffected; backward. Shak.


Studded with spangles of ice. Milton.

ID, n. [contracted from idem.]

I'D, v. [I'D.]

Contracted from I would, or I had.

IDE, n.

In England, the name of a fish, the Leusiscus idus.

I-DE'A, n. [L. idea; Fr. idée; Gr. ιδεα, from ειδω, to see, L. video.]

  1. Literally, that which is seen; hence, form, image, model of any thing in the mind; that which is held or comprehended by the understanding or intellectual faculties. I have used the word idea, to express whatever is meant by phantasm, notion, species, or whatever it is which the mind can be employed about in thinking. Locke. Whatever the mind perceives in itself, or is the immediate object of perception, thought or understanding, that I call an idea. Locke. The attention of the understanding to the objects acting on it, by which it becomes sensible of the impressions they make, is called by logicians, perception; and the notices themselves as they exist in the mind, as the materials of thinking and knowledge, are distinguished by the name of ideas. Encyc. art. Logic. An idea is the reflex perception of objects, after the original perception or impression has been felt by the mind. Encyc. In popular language, idea signifies the same thing as conception, apprehension, notion. To have an idea of any thing is to conceive it. In philosophical use, it does not signify that act of the mind which we call thought or conception, but some object of thought. Reid. According to modern writers on mental philosophy, an idea is the object of thought, or the notice which the mind takes of its perceptions. Darwin uses idea for a notion of external things which our organs bring us acquainted with originally, and he defines it, a contraction, motion or configuration of the fibers which constitute the immediate organ of sense; synonymous with which he sometimes uses sensual motion, in contradistinction to muscular motion.
  2. In popular use, idea signifies notion, conception, thought, opinion, and even purpose or intention. Burke.
  3. Image in the mind. Her sweet idea wandered through his thoughts. Fairfax. [A bad use of the word.]
  4. An opinion, a proposition. These decisions are incompatible with the idea, that the principles are derived from the civil law.

I-DE'AL, a.

  1. Existing in idea; intellectual; mental; as, ideal knowledge. There will always be a wide interval between practical and ideal excellence. Rambler.
  2. Visionary; existing in fancy or imagination only; as, ideal good.
  3. That considers ideas as images, phantasms, or forms in the mind; as, the ideal theory or philosophy.

I-DE'A-LESS, a. [idea and less.]

Destitute of ideas. Allan.