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That which incites the mind or moves to action; motive; incentive; impulse. From the long records of a distant age, / Derive incitements to renew thy rage. Pope.


He or that which incites or moves to action.

IN-CIT'ING, ppr.

Exciting to action; stirring up. In general, incite denotes to operate on the mind or will; excite has the same sense, but it extends also to the passions and to material substances; as, to excite action in the heart and arteries.


So as to excite to action.

IN-CIV'IL, n. [in and civil.]

Uncivil; rude; unpolite. [But Uncivil is generally used.]

IN-CI-VIL'I-TY, n. [Fr. incivilité.]

  1. Want of courtesy; rudeness of manners toward others; impoliteness. Tillotson.
  2. Any act of rudeness or ill breeding; with a plural. Loud laughter and uncomely jests in respectable company, are incivilities and indecencies.


An uncivilized state.

IN-CIV'IL-LY, adv.

Uncivilly; rudely.

IN-CIV'ISM, n. [in and civism.]

Want of civism; want of love to one's country or of patriotism; unfriendliness to the state or government of which one is a citizen. Ames.

IN-CLASP', v.t.

To clasp; to hold fast. Cudworth.


Held fast.


Holding fast.


Set; fast fixed. Dict.

IN'CLE, n.


IN-CLEM'EN-CY, n. [Fr. inclemence; L. inclementia. See Clemency.]

  1. Want of clemency; want of mildness of temper; unmercifulness; harshness; severity; applied to persons.
  2. Roughness; boisterousness; storminess; or simply raininess; severe cold, &c.; applied to the weather. We were detained by the inclemency of the weather.


  1. Destitute of a mild and kind temper; void of tenderness; unmerciful; severe; harsh.
  2. Rough; stormy; boisterous; rainy; rigorously cold, &c.; as, inclement weather; inclement sky. Pope.


In an inclement manner.

IN-CLIN'A-BLE, a. [L. inclinabilis. See Incline.]

  1. Leaning; tending; as, a tower inclinable to fall. Bentley.
  2. Having a propension of will; leaning in disposition; somewhat disposed; as, a mind inclinable to truth. Milton.


The state of being inclinable; inclination.

IN-CLIN-A'TION, n. [Fr. from L. inclinatio. See Incline.]

  1. A leaning; any deviation of a body or line from an upright position, or from a parallel line, toward another body; as, the inclination of the head in bowing.
  2. In geometry, the angle made by two lines or planes that meet; as, the inclination of the axis of the earth to the plane of the ecliptic is 23º 28'.
  3. A leaning of the mind or will; propension or propensity; a disposition more favorable to one thing than to another. The prince has no inclination to peace. The bachelor has manifested no inclination to marry. Men have a natural inclination to pleasure. A mere inclination to a thing is not properly a willing of that thing. South.
  4. Love; affection; regard; desire; with for. Some men have an inclination for music, others for painting.
  5. Disposition of mind. Shak.
  6. The dip of the magnetic needle, or its tendency to incline toward the earth; also, the angle made by the needle with the horizon. Enfield.
  7. The act of decanting liquors by stooping or inclining the vessel. Quincy.


Obliquely; with inclination. Brown.


Having the quality of leaning or inclining. Brown.

IN-CLINE', v.i. [L. inclino; in and clino, Gr. κλινω; Sax. hlinian, hleonian, hlynian, Eng. to lean, G. lehnen, D. leunen, Russ. klonyu and nakloniayu; Ir. cleonaim; Fr. incliner; Port. and Sp. inclinar; It. inclinare, inchinare, chinare. Class Ln.]

  1. To lean; to deviate from an erect or parallel line toward any object; to tend. Converging lines incline toward each other. A road inclines to the north or south. Connecticut river runs south, inclining in some part of its course to the west, and below Middletown, it inclines to the east.
  2. To lean; in a moral sense; to have a propension; to be disposed; to have some wish or desire. Their hearts inclined to follow Abimelech. Judges ix.
  3. To have an appetite; to be disposed; as, to be inclined to eat.

IN-CLINE, v.t.

  1. To cause to deviate from an erect, perpendicular or parallel line; to give a leaning to; as, incline the column or post to the east; incline your head to the right.
  2. To give a tendency or propension to the will or affections; to turn; to dispose. Incline our hearts to keep this law. Common Prayer. Incline my heart to thy testimonials. Ps. cxix.
  3. To bend; to cause to stoop or bow; as, to incline the head or the body in acts of reverence or civility.


Having a leaning or tendency; disposed. Inclined plane, in mechanics, is a plane that makes an oblique angle with the plane of the horizon; a sloping plane.