Dictionary: IG'NO-RANT – IL-LAQ'UE-ATE

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IG'NO-RANT, a. [L. ignorans.]

  1. Destitute of knowledge; uninstructed or uninformed; untaught; unenlightened. A man may be ignorant of the law, or of any art or science. He may be ignorant of his own rights, or of the rights of others.
  2. Unknown; undiscovered; a poetical use; as, ignorant concealment. Shak.
  3. Unacquainted with. Ignorant of guilt, I fear not shame. Dryden.
  4. Unskillfully made or done. [Not legitimate.] Poor ignorant baubles. Shak.


A person untaught or uninformed; one unlettered or unskilled. Did I for this take pains to teach / Our zealous ignorants to preach? Denham.


  1. Without knowledge, instruction or information. Whom therefore ye ignorantly worship, him declare I to you. Acts xvii.
  2. Unskillfully; inexpertly. A man may mistake blunders for beauties, and ignorantly admire them.

IG-NORE', v.t.

To be ignorant. [Not in use.] Boyle.

IG-NOS'CI-BLE, a. [L. ignoscibilis.]

Pardonable. [Not used.]

IG-NOTE', a. [L. ignotus.]

Unknown. [Not used.]

IG-UA'NA, n.

  1. A genus of saurian reptiles.
  2. The Iguana tuberculata, the common Iguana of South America, whose flesh is eaten and esteemed delicious.


An extinct saurian reptile. The fossil remains of this animal found in Tilgate forest, and at Maidstone in England, indicate the animal to be sixty, seventy or more feet in length. Mantell.

IL, prep.

Prefixed to words beginning with 1, stands for in, as used in the Latin language, and usually denotes a negation of the sense of the simple word, as illegal, not legal; or it denotes to or on, and merely augments or enforces the sense, as in illuminate.

ILE, n.

  1. So written by Pope for aile, a walk or alley in a church or public building. [Not in use.]
  2. An ear of corn. [Not used.] Ainsworth.

I'LE-US, n. [Gr. ιλεος.]

  1. The technical specific name of common colic, both in ancient and modern times.
  2. Intestinal intussusception, from the hypothesis that this state always exists in common colic.

I'LEX, n. [L.]

In botany, the generic name of the Hollytree. Also, the Quercus ilex, or great scarlet oak.

IL'I-AC, a. [L. iliacus, from ilia, the flank, or small intestines; Gr. ειλεω, to wind.]

Pertaining to the lower bowels, or to the ileum. The iliac passion is a bad form of ileus or common colic, in which there is inversion of the peristaltic action of the upper part of the small intestines.

IL'I-AD, n. [from Ilium, Ilion, Troy.]

An epic poem, composed by Homer, in twenty-four books. The subject of this poem is the wrath of Achilles; in describing which, the poet exhibits the miserable effects of disunion and public dissensions. Hence the phrase, Ilias malorum, an Iliad of woes or calamities, a world of disasters. Cicero.

ILK, a.

The same; each. This is retained in Scottish, from the Saxon elc, each.

ILL, a. [supposed to be contracted from evil, Sax. yfel; but this is doubtful. It is in Swedish, illa, and Dan. ilde.]

  1. Bad or evil, in a general sense; contrary to good, physical or moral; applied to things; evil; wicked; wrong; iniquitous; as, his ways are ill; he sets an ill example.
  2. Producing evil or misfortune; as, an ill star or planet.
  3. Bad; evil; unfortunate; as, an ill end; an ill fate.
  4. Unhealthy; insalubrious; as, an ill air or climate.
  5. Cross; crabbed; surly; peevish; as, ill nature; ill temper.
  6. Diseased; disordered; sick or indisposed; applied to persons; as, the man is ill; he has been ill a long time; he is ill of a fever.
  7. Diseased impaired; as, an ill state of health.
  8. Discordant; harsh; disagreeable; as, an ill sound.
  9. Homely; ugly; as, ill looks, or an ill countenance.
  10. Unfavorable; suspicious; as when we say, this affair bears an ill look or aspect.
  11. Rude; unpolished; as, ill breeding; ill manners.
  12. Not proper; not regular or legitimate; as, an ill expression in grammar.

ILL, adv.

  1. Not well; not rightly or perfectly. He is ill at ease.
  2. Not easily; with pain or difficulty. He is ill able to sustain the burden. Ill bears the sex the youthful lovers' fate, When just approaching to the nuptial state. Dryden

ILL, n. [or adv.]

prefixed to participles of the present tense, and denoting evil or wrong, may be considered as a noun governed by the participle, or as making a part of a compound word; as, an ill meaning man, an ill designing man, an ill boding hour; that is, a man meaning ill, an hour boding ill. It is more consonant, however, to the genius of our language, to treat these and similar words as compounds. In some cases, as before the participles of intransitive verbs, ill must be considered as a part of the compound, as in ill-looking When used before the perfect participle, ill is to be considered as an adverb, or modifying word, or to be treated as a part of the compound; as in ill-bred, ill-governed, ill-fated, ill-favored, ill-formed, ill-minded. In these and all similar connections, it might be well to unite the two words in a compound by a hyphen. As ill may be prefixed to almost any participle, it is needless to attempt to collect a list of such words for insertion.

ILL, n.

  1. Wickedness; depravity; evil. Strong virtue, like strong nature, struggles still, / Exerts itself and then throws off the ill. Dryden.
  2. Misfortune; calamity; evil; disease; pain; whatever annoys or impairs happiness, or prevents success. Who can all sense of other's ills escape, / Is but a brute at best in human shape. Tate.

IL-LAB'ILE, a. [See Labile.]

Not liable to fall or err; in fallible. [Not used.] Cheyne.


The quality of not being liable to err, fall or apostatize. [Not used.] Cheyne.

IL-LAC'ER-A-BLE, a. [See Lacerate.]

That can not be torn or rent.


Incapable of weeping.

IL-LAPSE', n. [illaps'. See Lapse.]

  1. A sliding in; an immission or entrance of one thing into another. Norris.
  2. A falling on; a sudden attack. Thomson.

IL-LAQ'UE-ATE, v.t. [L. illaqueo; in and laqueo, to insnare; laqueus, a snare.]

To insnare; to entrap; to entangle; to catch. [Little used.] More.