Dictionary: JOG – JOINT

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JOG, n.

  1. A push; a slight shake; a shake or push intended to give nonce or awaken attention. When your friend falls asleep at church, give him a jog.
  2. A rub; a small stop; obstruction. Glanville.

JOG, v.i.

  1. To move by jogs or small shocks, like those of a slow trot. So hung his destiny, never to rot, / While he might still jog on, and keep his trot. – Milton.
  2. To walk or travel idly, heavily or slowly. Thus they jog on, still tricking, never thriving. – Dryden.

JOG, v.t. [Qu. W. gogi, to shake, or D. schokken, to jolt or shake, which seems to be the Fr. choquer, Eng. shock, shake.]

To push or shake with the elbow or hand; to give notice or excite attention by a slight push. Sudden I jogged Ulysses. – Pope.

JOG'GED, pp.

Pushed or shaken slightly.


  1. One who walks or moves heavily and slowly.
  2. One who gives a sudden push.


A slight push or shake.

JOG'GING, ppr.

Pushing slightly.

JOG'GLE, v.t. [from jog.]

To shake slightly; to give a sudden but slight push.


Matched by serratures so as to prevent sliding.


Matched by serratures, so as to prevent sliding. [1841 Addenda only.]


Slightly shaken.


Shaking slightly.

JO-HAN'NES, n. [John, latinized.]

A Portuguese gold coin of the value of eight dollars; contracted often into joe; as a joe, or half-joe. It is named from the figure of king John, which it bears.


A sort of apple, good for spring use, when other fruit is spent. – Mortimer.


A peculiar word or manner of Johnson. – N. Am. Reg.

JOIN, v.i.

  1. To grow to; to adhere. The place where two bones of the body join, is called a joint or articulation.
  2. To be contiguous, close or in contact; as, when two houses join.
  3. To unite with in marriage, league, confederacy, partnership or society. Russia and Austria joined in opposition to Buonaparte's ambitious views. Men join in great undertakings, and in companies for trade or manufacture. They join in entertainments and amusements, They join in benevolent associations. Is often followed by with. Any other may join with him that is injured, and assist him in recovering satisfaction. – Locke. Should we again break thy commandments, and join in affinity with the people of these abominations? – Ezra ix.

JOIN, v.t. [Fr. joindre; It. giugnere; from L. jungo, jungere; jungo for jugo; Sp. and Port. juntar, to join; L. jugum; Eng. yoke; Gr. ζυγος and ζευγος, a yoke, and a pair; ζυγοω, to yoke; ζευγνυμι, to join; Ch. זוג; Syr. ܐܘܓ zug; Ar. زَاجَ zauga, to join, to couple, to marry, to pair; Eth. ዘወገ zog, a pair, as in Arabic. It signifies also in Syriac, to rage, to cry out; showing that the primary sense is to strain, to stretch, to extend, precisely as in span.]

  1. To set or bring one thing in contiguity with another. Woe to them that join house to house, that lay field to field. – Is. v.
  2. To couple; to connect; to combine; as, to join ideas. – Locke.
  3. To unite in league or marriage. Now Jehoshaphat had riches and honor in abundance, and joined affinity with Ahab. – 2 Ch. xviii. What God hath joined together, let not man put asunder. – Matth. xix.
  4. To associate. Go near and join thyself to this chariot. – Acts viii.
  5. To unite in any act. Thy tuneful voice with numbers join. – Dryden.
  6. To unite in concord. But that ye be perfectly joined together in the same mind, and in the same judgment. – 1 Cor. i. The phrase, to join battle, is probably elliptical, for join in battle or it is borrowed from the Latin, committere praelium, to send together the battle. In general, join signifies to unite two entire things without a breach or intermixture, by contact or contiguity, either temporary or permanent. It differs from connect, which signifies properly, to unite by an intermediate substance. But join, unite, and connect are often used synonymously.


A joining; as, a joinder in demurrer. – Blackstone.

JOIN'ED, pp.

Added; united; set or fastened together; associated; confederated..


One whose occupation is to construct things by joining pieces of wood; but appropriately and usually, a mechanic who does the wood-work in the covering and finishing of buildings. This is the true and original sense of the word in Great Britain and in New England. This person is called in New York, a carpenter. [See Carpenter.]


The art of fitting and joining pieces of timber in the construction of utensils or parts of a building, so as to form one entire piece.


Writing in which letters are joined in words; as, distinguished from writing in single letters. – Addison.

JOIN'ING, ppr.

Adding; making contiguous; uniting; confederating.


  1. Shared by two or more; as, joint property.
  2. United in the same profession; having an interest in the in same thing; as, a joint-heir or heiress.
  3. United; combined; acting in concert; as, a joint force; joint efforts; joint vigor.

JOINT, n. [Fr. joint; Sp. junta, juntura; It. giuntura; L. junctura. See Join.]

  1. The joining of two or more things.
  2. In anatomy, the joining of two or more bones; an articulation; as the elbow, the knee, or the knuckle.
  3. A knot; the union of two parts of a plant; or the space between two joints; an internode; as, the joint of a cane, or of a stalk of maiz.
  4. A hinge; a juncture of parts which admits of motion.
  5. The place where two pieces of timber are united.
  6. In joinery, straight lines are called a joint, when two pieces of wood are planed. – Moxon.
  7. One of the limbs of an animal cut up by the butcher. Out of joint, luxated; dislocated; as when the head of a bone is displaced from its socket. Hence figuratively, confused; disordered; misplaced.