Dictionary: JOWL'ER – JU-DA'IC, or JU-DA'IC-AL

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The name of a hunting dog, beagle or other dog. – Dryden.


A fish driver. – Carew.

JOY, n. [Fr. joie; It. gioia; Arm. joa, contracted G. jauchzen, to shout; D. juichen, to rejoice; Sp. gozo; Port. id. This word belongs to the Class Cg, and its radical sense is probably, to shout, or to leap, or to play or sport, and allied perhaps to joke and juggle. Qu. L. gaudium.]

  1. The passion or emotion excited by the acquisition or expectation of good; that excitement of pleasurable feelings which is caused by success, good fortune, the gratification of desire or some good possessed, or by a rational prospect of possessing what we love or desire; gladness; exultation; exhilaration of spirits. Joy is a delight of the mind, from the consideration of the present or assured approaching possession of a good. – Locke. Peace, / Bring heavenly balm to heal my country's wounds, / Joy to my soul, and transport to my lay. – D. Humphrey.
  2. Gayety; mirth; festivity. The roofs with joy resound. – Dryden.
  3. Happiness; felicity. Her heavenly form beheld, all wished her joy. – Dryden.
  4. A glorious and triumphant state. Who for the joy that was set before him, endured the cross. – Heb. xii.
  5. The cause of joy or happiness. For ye are our glory and joy. – 1 Thess. ii.
  6. A term of fondness; the cause of joy.

JOY, v.i.

To rejoice; to be glad; to exult. I will joy in the God of my salvation. – Hab. iii.

JOY, v.t.

  1. To give joy to; to congratulate; to entertain kindly.
  2. To gladden; to exhilarate. My soul was joyed in vain. – Pope.
  3. [Fr. jouir.] To enjoy; to have or possess with pleasure, or to have pleasure in the possession of. [Little used. See Enjoy.] – Milton. Dryden.

JOY'ANCE, n. [Old Fr. joiant.]

Gayety; festivity. [Obs.] – Spenser.

JOY'ED, pp.

Gladdened; enjoyed.


Full of joy; very glad; exulting. My soul shall be joyful in my God. – Is. lxi. Rarely it has of before the cause of joy. Sad for their loss, but joyful of our life. – Pope.

JOY'FUL-LY, adv.

With joy; gladly. Never did men more joyfully obey. – Dryden.


Great gladness; joy. – Deut. xxviii.

JOY'ING, ppr.

Gladdening; giving joy to.


Inspiring joy. – Bowing.


  1. Destitute of joy; wanting joy. With downcast eyes the joyless victor sat. – Dryden. Rarely followed by of; as, joyless of the grove. – Dryden.
  2. Giving no joy or pleasure. A joyless, dismal, black, and sorrowful issue. – Shak.


Without joy.


State of being joyless. – Donne.

JOY'OUS, a. [Fr. joyeux.]

  1. Glad; gay; merry; joyful. Joyous the birds; fresh gales and gentle airs / Whispered it. – Milton.
  2. Giving joy. They, all as glad as birds of joyous prime. – Spenser. It has of, before the cause of joy. And joyous of our conquest early won. – Dryden.

JOY'OUS-LY, adv.

With joy or gladness.


The state of being joyous.

JUB, n.

A bottle or vessel. [Obs.] – Chaucer.

JU'BI-LANT, a. [L. jubilans. See Jubilee.]

Uttering songs of triumph; rejoicing; shouting with joy. While the bright pomp ascended jubilant. – Milton.

JU-BI-LA'TE, n. [L.]

The third Sunday after Easter.

JU-BI-LA'TION, n. [Fr. from L. jubilatio. See Jubilee.]

The act of declaring triumph.

JU'BI-LEE, n. [Fr. jubilé; L. jubilum, from jubilo, to shout for joy; Sp. jubileo; It. giubbileo; Heb. יבל or יובל, the blast of a trumpet, coinciding with Eng. bawl, peal, L. pello.]

  1. Among the Jews, every fiftieth year, being the year following the revolution of seven weeks of years, at which time all the slaves were liberated, and all lands which had been alienated during the whole period, reverted to their former owners. This was a time of great rejoicing. Hence,
  2. A season of great public joy and festivity. Milton.
  3. A church solemnity or ceremony celebrated at Rome, in which the pope grants plenary indulgence to sinners, or to as many as seat the churches of St. Peter and St. Paul at Rome. – Encyc.

JU-CUND'I-TY, n. [L. jucunditas, from jucundus, sweet, pleasant.]

Pleasantness; agreeableness. [Little used.] – Brown.

JU-DA'IC, or JU-DA'IC-AL, a.

Pertaining to the Jews.