Dictionary: JUMP – JU'RAT

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JUMP, v.i. [Qu. the root of It. zampillare, to spring.]

  1. To leap; to skip; to spring. Applied to men, it signifies to spring upward or forward with both feet, in distinction from hop, which signifies to spring with one foot. A man jumps over a ditch; a beast jumps over a fence. A man jumps upon a horse; a goat jumps from rock to rock.
  2. To spring over any thing; to pass to at a leap. Here, upon this bank and shelve of time, / We'd jump the life to came. – Shak. We see a little, presume a great deal, and so jump to the conclusion. – Spectator.
  3. To bound; to pass from object to object; to jolt. The noise of the rattling of the wheels, and of the prancing horses, and of the jumping chariots. – Nahum iii.
  4. To agree; to tally; to coincide. In some sort it jumps with my humor. – Shak. [This use of the word is now vulgar, and in America, I think it is confined to the single phrase, to jump in judgment.]

JUMP, v.t.

To pass by a leap; to pass over eagerly or hastily; as, to jump a stream. [But over is understood.]

JUMP'ED, pp.

Passed by a leap.


One who jumps.

JUMP'ING, ppr.

Leaping; springing; bounding.

JUNC'ATE, n. [It. giuncata, cream cheese; Fr. jonchée de crême, a kind of cream cheese served in a frail of green rushes, mind for that reason so called, or because made in a frail or basket of rushes; L. juncus, a rush.]

  1. A cheese-cake; a kind of sweetmeat of curds and sugar. – Johnson.
  2. Any kind of delicate food. – Milton.
  3. A furtive or private entertainment. [It is now written junket.]

JUNC'OUS, a. [L. junceus or juncosus, from juncus, a rush.]

Full of bulrushes. [Little used.]

JUNC'TION, n. [Fr. from L. junctio, from jungo, to join.]

  1. The act of operation of joining; as, the junction of two armies or detachments.
  2. Union; coalition; combination.
  3. The place or point of union.

JUNC'TURE, n. [L. junctura; Sp. juntura; It. giuntura; from L. jungo, to join.]

  1. A joining; union; amity; as, the juncture of hearts. [Little used.] – King Charles.
  2. A union of two bodies; a seam; particularly, a joint or articulation. – Encyc.
  3. The line or point at which two bodies are joined. – Boyle.
  4. A point of time; particularly, a point rendered critical or important by a concurrence of circumstances. Addison.

JUNE, n. [L. junius; Fr. juin; It. giugno; Sp. junio.]

The sixth month of the year, when the sun enters the sign Cancer.

JUN'GLE, n. [Hindoo.]

In Hindoostan, a thick wood of small trees or shrubs. – Asiat. Res.


Consisting of jungles; abounding with jungles. – Ibm.

JUN-IOR, a. [L. from juvenis, young; quasi, juvenior.]

Younger; not as old as another; as, a junior partner in a company. It is applied to distinguish the younger of two persons bearing the same name in one family or town, and opposed to elder; as, John Doe junior.


A person younger than another. The fools, my juniors by a year. – Swift.


The state of being junior. – Bullokar.

JU'NI-PER, n. [L. juniperus; It. ginepro; Fr. genevre; Sp. enebro.]

A tree or shrub, Juniperus communis, bearing fruit of a bluish color, of a warm, pungent, sweet taste, yielding when fresh, by expression, a rich, sweet, aromatic juice. They are useful carminatives and stomachics. The wood of the tree is of a reddish color, hard and durable, and is used in cabinet work and veneering. The oil of juniper mixed with that of nuts makes an excellent varnish; and the resin powdered is used under the name of pounce. – Encyc.

JUNK, n. [L. juncus, It. giunco, Sp. junco, Fr. jonc, a bulrush, of which ropes were made in early ages.]

  1. Pieces of old cable or old cordage, used for making points, gaskets, mats, &c., and when untwisted and picked to pieces, it forms oakum for filling the seams of ships. – Mar. Dict.
  2. A ship used in China; a Chinese vessel. [An Eastern word.]
  3. A thick piece. [See Chunk.]

JUNK'ET, n. [See Juncate.]

  1. A sweetmeat. – Shak.
  2. A stolen entertainment.

JUNK'ET, v.i.

  1. To feast in secret; to make an entertainment by stealth. – Swift.
  2. To feast. Job's children junketed and feasted together often. – South.

JU'NO, n.

In mythology, the name of the Latin divinity who presided over marriages, and who was supposed to protect married women.

JUN'TA, n.

A grand Spanish council of state.

JUN'TO, n. [Sp. junta, a meeting or council, from L. junctus, joined; It. giunto.]

  1. Primarily, a select council or assembly, which deliberates in secret on any affair of government. In a good sense, it is not used in English; but hence,
  2. A cabal; a meeting or collection of men combined for secret deliberation and intrigue for party purposes; a faction; as a junto of ministers. – Gulliver.

JU'PI-TER, n. [L. the air or heavens; Jovis pater.]

  1. The supreme deity among the Greeks and Romans.
  2. One of the superior planets, remarkable for its brightness. Its diameter is about eighty-nine thousand miles; its distance from the sun, four hundred and ninety millions of miles, and its revolution round the sun, a little less than twelve years.

JUP-PON, n. [Fr. jupon; It. giubbone.]

A short close coat. – Dryden.

JU'RAT, n. [Fr. from L. juratus, sworn, from juro, to swear.]

In England, a magistrate in some corporations; an alderman, or an assistant to a bailif. – Encyc.