Dictionary: JU'RA-TA-O-RY – JUST'I-CER

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JU'RA-TA-O-RY, a. [Fr. juratoire, from L. juro, to swear.]

Comprising an oath; as, juratory caution. [Little used.]

JURE-DIVINO, adv. [Jure divino; L.]

By divine right.

JU-RID'IC-AL, a. [L. juridicus; jus, juris, law, and dico, to pronounce.]

  1. Acting in the distribution of justice; pertaining to a judge.
  2. Used in courts of law or tribunals of justice. – Hale.


According to forms of law, or proceedings in tribunals of justice; with legal authority.

JU-RIS-CON'SULT, n. [L. juris consultus; jus and consultus, consulo, to consult.]

Among the Romans, a man learned in the law; a counselor at law; a master of Roman jurisprudence, who was consulted on the interpretation of the laws. – Encyc.

JU-RIS-DIC'TION, n. [Fr. from L. jurisdictio; jus, juris, law, and dictio, from dico, to pronounce; It. giuridizione; Sp. jurisdiccione; Port. jurisdiçam.]

  1. The legal power or authority of doing justice in cases of complaint; the power of executing the laws and distributing justice. Thus we speak of certain suits or actions, or the cognizance of certain crimes being within the jurisdiction of a court, that is, within the limits of their authority or commission. Inferior courts have jurisdiction of debt and trespass, or of smaller offenses; the supreme courts have jurisdiction of treason, murder, and other high crimes. Jurisdiction is secular or ecclesiastical.
  2. Power of governing or legislating. The legislature of one state can exercise no jurisdiction in another.
  3. The power or right of exercising authority. Nations claim exclusive jurisdiction on the sea, to the extent of a marine league from the main land or shore.
  4. The limit within which power may be exercised. Jurisdiction, in its most general sense, is the power to make, declare or apply the law; when confined to the judiciary department, it is what we denominate the judicial power, the right of administering justice through the laws, by the means which the laws have provided for that purpose. Jurisdiction is limited to place or territory, to persons, or to particular subjects. – Du Ponceau.


Pertaining to jurisdiction; as, jurisdictional rights.


Having jurisdiction. – Milton.

JU-RIS-PRU'DENCE, n. [Fr. from L. jurisprudentia; jus, law, and prudentia, science.]

The science of law; the knowledge of the laws, customs and rights of men in a state or community, necessary for the due administration of justice. The study of jurisprudence, next to that of theology, is the most important and useful to men.


Understanding law. – West.


Pertaining to jurisprudence. – Ward.

JUR'IST, n. [Fr. juriste; giurista; Sp. jurista; from L. jus, juris, law.]

  1. A man who professes the science of law; one versed in the law, or more particularly, in the civil law; a civilian. – Bacon.
  2. One versed in the law of nations, or who writes on the subject.

JU'ROR, n. [L. jurator; or rather juro, to swear.]

One that serves on a jury; one sworn to deliver the truth on the evidence given him concerning any matter in question or on trial.

JU'RY, n. [Fr. juré, sworn; L. juro, to swear.]

A number of freeholders, selected in the manner prescribe by law, impounded and sworn to inquire into and try any matter of fact, and to declare the truth on the evidence given them in the case. Grand juries consist usually of twenty-four freeholders at least, and are summoned to try matters alledged in indictments. Petty juries, consisting usually of twelve men, attend courts to try matters of fact in civil causes, and to decide both the law and the fact in criminal prosecutions. The decision of a petty jury is called a verdict.


One who is impanneled on a jury, or who serves as a juror.


A mast erected in a ship, to supply the place of one carried away in a tempest or an engagement, &c. The most probable origin of the word jury, in this compound, is that proposed by Thomson, viz. from the Fr. jour, day, quasi, jouré, temporary, or from L. juvare, to assist.

JUS-GENTIUM, n. [Jus gentium; L.]

The law of nations.

JUST, a. [Fr. juste; Sp. justo; It. giusto; L. justus. The primary sense is probably straight or close, from the sense of setting, erecting, or extending.]

  1. Regular; orderly; due; suitable. When all / The war shall stand ranged in its just array. – Addison.
  2. Exactly proportioned; proper. Pleaseth your lordship / To meet his grace, just distance 'tween our armies? – Shak.
  3. Full; complete to the common standard. He was comely personage, a little above just stature. – Bacon.
  4. Full; true; a sense allied to the preceding, or the same. So that once the skirmish was like to have come to a just battle. – Knolles.
  5. In a moral sense, upright; honest; having principles of rectitude; or conforming exactly to the laws, and to principles of rectitude in social conduct; equitable in the distribution of justice; as, a just judge.
  6. In an evangelical sense, righteous; religious; influenced by a regard to the laws of God; or living in exact conformity to the divine will. There is not a just man on earth, that doeth good, and sinneth not. – Eccles. vii.
  7. Conformed to rules of justice; doing equal justice. Just balances, just weights, a just ephah and a just hin shall ye have. – Lev. xix.
  8. Conformed to truth; exact; proper; accurate; as just thoughts; just expressions; just images or representations; a just description; a just inference.
  9. True; founded in truth and fact; as, a just charge or accusation.
  10. Innocent; blameless; without guilt. How should man be just with God? – Job ix.
  11. Equitable; due; merited; as, a just recompense or reward. Whose damnation is just. – Rom. iii.
  12. True to promises; faithful; as, just to one's word or engagements.
  13. Impartial; allowing what is due; giving fair representation of character, merit or demerit.

JUST, adv.

  1. Close or closely; near or nearly, in place. He stood just by the speaker, and heard what he said. He stood just at the entrance of the city.
  2. Near or nearly in time; almost. Just at that moment he arose and fled.
  3. Exactly; nicely; accurately. They remain just of the same opinion. 'Tis with our judgments as our watches; none / Go just alike, yet each believes his own. – Pope.
  4. Merely; barely; exactly. And having just enough, not covet more. – Dryden.
  5. Narrowly. He just escaped without injury.

JUST, n. [Fr. jouste, now joute; Sp. justa; Port. id.; It. giostra; probably from the root of jostle or justle. The primary sense is to thrust, to drive, to push.]

A mock encounter on horseback; a combat for sport or for exercise, in which the combatants pushed with lances and swords, man to man, in mock fight; a tilt; one of the exercises at tournaments. – Encyc.

JUST, v.i. [Fr. jouter; Sp. and Port. justar; It. giostrare.]

  1. To engage in mock fight on horseback.
  2. To push; to drive; to justle.

JUST'ICE, n. [Fr.; Sp. justicia; It. giustizia; from L. justitia, from justus, just.]

  1. The virtue which consists in giving to every one what is his due; practical conformity to the laws und to principles of rectitude in the dealings of men with each other; honesty; integrity in commerce or mutual intercourse. Justice is distributive or commutative. Distributive justice belongs to magistrates or rulers, and consists in distributing to every man that right or equity which the laws and the principles of equity require; or in deciding controversies according to the laws and to principles of equity. Commutative justice consists in fair dealing in trade and mutual intercourse between man and man.
  2. Impartiality; equal distribution of right in expressing opinions; fair representation of facts respecting merit or demerit. In criticisms, narrations, history or discourse, it is a duty to do justice to every man, whether friend or foe.
  3. Equity; agreeableness to right; as, he proved the justice of his claim. This should, in strictness, be justness.
  4. Vindictive retribution; merited punishment. Sooner or later, justice overtakes the criminal.
  5. Right; application of equity. His arm will do him justice.
  6. [Low L. justiciarius.] A person commissioned to hold courts, or to try and decide controversies and administer justice to individuals; its, the Chief Justice of the king's bench, or of the common pleas, in England; the Chief Justice of the supreme court in the United States, &c., and justices of the peace.

JUST'ICE, v.t.

To administer justice. [Little used.] – Bacon.


Liable to account in a court of justice. [Not used.] – Hayward.


An administrator of justice. [Not used.] – Bp. Hall.