Definition for SUF'FER

SUF'FER, v.t. [L. suffero; sub, under, and fero, to bear; as we say, to undergo; Fr. souffrir; It. sofferire; Sp. sufrir. See Bear.]

  1. To feel or bear what is painful, disagreeable or distressing, either to the body or mind; to undergo. We suffer pain of body; we suffer grief of mind. The criminal suffers punishment; the sinner suffers the pangs of conscience in this life, and is condemned to suffer the wrath of an offended God. We often suffer wrong; we suffer abuse; we suffer injustice.
  2. To endure; to support; to sustain; not to sink under. Our spirit and strength entire, / Strongly to suffer and support our pains. – Milton.
  3. To allow; to permit; not to forbid or hinder. Will you suffer yourself to be insulted? I suffer them to enter and possess. – Milton. Thou shalt in any wise rebuke thy neighbor, and not suffer sin upon him. – Lev. xix.
  4. To undergo; to be affected by. Substances suffer an entire change by the action of fire, or by entering into new combinations.
  5. To sustain; to be affected by; as, to suffer loss or damage.

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