Definition for FAC'TION

FAC'TION, n. [Fr. from L. factio, from facio, to make or do.]

  1. A party, in political society, combined or acting in union, in opposition to the prince, government or state; usually applied to a minority, but it may be applied to a majority. Sometimes a state is divided into factions nearly equal. Rome was almost always disturbed by factions. Republics are proverbial for factions, and factions in monarchies have often effected revolutions. A feeble government produces more factions than an oppressive one. – Aines. By a faction, I understand a number of citizens, whether amounting to a majority or minority of the whole, who are united and actuated by some common impulse of passion, or of interest, adverse to the rights of other citizens, or to the permanent and aggregate interests of the community. – Federalist, Madison.
  2. Tumult; discord; dissension. – Clarendon.

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