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  1. State of being liable to answer, repay or account; responsibility.
  2. Ability to make payment of an obligation or demand.


In a responsible manner.

RE-SPON'SION, n. [L. responsio.]

The act of answering. [Not used.]


  1. Answering; making reply.
  2. Correspondent; suited to something else. The vocal lay responsive to the strings. – Pope.


In a responsive manner.


State of being responsive.


Containing answer.


A response; the answer of the people to the priest in the alternate speaking, in church service.

REST, n.1 [Sax. rest, ræst, quiet or a lying down; Dan. G. and Sw. rast; D. rust. The German has also ruhe, Sw. ro, Dan. roe, rest, repose. In W. araws, and arosi, signify to stay, stop, wait. This Teutonic word can not be the L. resto, if the latter is a compound of re and sto; but is an original word of the Class Rd, Rs. See the Verb.]

  1. Cessation of motion or action of any kind, and applicable to any body or being; as, rest from labor; rest from mental exertion; rest of body or mind. A body is at rest when it ceases to move; the mind is at rest, when it ceases to be disturbed or agitated; the sea is never at rest. Hence,
  2. Quiet; repose; a state free from motion or disturbance; a state of reconciliation to God. Learn of me, for I am meek and lowly in heart; and ye shall find rest to your souls. – Matth. xi.
  3. Sleep; as, retire to rest.
  4. Peace; national quiet. The land had rest eighty years. – Judges iii. Deut. xii.
  5. The final sleep, death. – Dryden.
  6. A place of quiet; permanent habitation. Ye are not as yet come to the rest, and to the inheritance which the Lord your God giveth you. – Deut. xii.
  7. Any place of repose. In dust, our final rest and native home. – Milton.
  8. That on which any thing leans or lies for support. – 1 Kings vi. Their vizors clos'd, their lances in the rest. – Dryden.
  9. In poetry, a short pause of the voice in reading; a cesura.
  10. In philosophy, the continuance of a body in the same place.
  11. Final hope. Sea fights have been final to the war; but this is, when princes set up their rest upon the battle. [Obs.] – Bacon.
  12. Cessation from tillage. – Lev. xxv.
  13. The Gospel church or new covenant state in which the people of God enjoy repose, and Christ shall be glorified. – Is. xi.
  14. In music, a pause; an interval during which the voice is intermitted; also, the mark of such intermission.

REST, n.2 [Fr. reste, from rester, to remain, L. resto.]

  1. That which is left, or which remains after the separation of a part, either in fact or in contemplation; remainder. Religion gives part of its reward in hand, the present comfort of having done our duty, and for the rest, it offers us the best security that Heaven can give. – Tillotson.
  2. Others; proposition or description. [In this sense, rest is a noun, but with a singular termination expressing plurality.] Plato and the rest of the philosophers. – Stillingfleet. Arm'd like the rest, the Trojan prince appears. – Dryden. The election hath obtained, it and the rest were blinded. – Rom. xi.

REST, v.i.1 [Sax. restan, hrestan, to pause, to cease, to be quiet; D. rusten; G. rasten; Sw. rasta. See Class Rd, No. 81, 82.]

  1. To cease from action or motion of any kind; to stop; a word applicable to any body or being, and to any kind of motion.
  2. To cease from labor, work or performance. God rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made. – Gen. ii. So the people rested on the seventh day. – Exod. xvi.
  3. To be quiet or still; to be undisturbed. There rest, if any rest can harbor there. – Milton.
  4. To cease from war; to be at peace. And the land rested from war. – Josh. xi.
  5. To be quiet or tranquil, as the mind; not to be agitated by fear, anxiety or other passion.
  6. To lie; to repose; as, to rest on a bed.
  7. To sleep; to slumber. Fancy then retires / Into her private cell, when nature rests. – Milton.
  8. To sleep the final sleep; to die or be dead. Glad I lay me down, / As in my mother's lap; there I should rest, / And sleep secure. – Milton.
  9. To lean; to recline for support; as, to rest the arm on a table. The truth of religion rests on divine testimony.
  10. To stand on; to be supported by; as, a column rests on its pedestal.
  11. To be satisfied; to acquiesce; as, to rest on Heaven's determination. – Addison.
  12. To lean; to trust; to rely; as, to rest on a man's promise.
  13. To continue fixed. – Isa. li.
  14. To terminate; to come to an end. – Ezek. xvi.
  15. To hang, lie or be fixed. Over a tent a cloud shall rest by day. – Milton.
  16. To abide; to remain with. They said, the spirit of Elijah doth rest on Elisha. – 2 Kings ii. Eccles. vii.
  17. To be calm or composed in mind; to enjoy peace of conscience.

REST, v.i.2 [Fr. rester.]

To be left; to remain. [Obs.] – Milton.

REST, v.t.

  1. To lay at rest; to quiet. Your piety has paid / All needful rites, to rest my wandering shade. – Dryden.
  2. To place, as on a support. We rest our cause on the truth of the Scripture. Her weary head upon your bosom rest. – Waller.

RE-STAG'NANT, a. [L. restagnans.]

Stagnant; remaining without a flow or current. [Not much used.] – Boyle.

RE-STAG'NATE, v.i. [L. restagno; re and stagno, to stagnate.]

To stand or remain without flowing. – Wiseman. [This word is superseded by Stagnate.]


Stagnation, – which see.

REST'ANT, a. [L. restans, resto.]

In botany, remaining, as footstalks after the fructification has fallen off. – Lee.

RES-TAU-RA'TEUR, n. [Fr. a restorer.]

The keeper of an eating house, or house for occasional refreshment.

RES-TAU-RA'TION, n. [L. restauro.]

Restoration to a former good state. [The present orthography is Restoration, – which see.].

REST'ED, pp.

Laid on for support.

RE-STEM', v.t. [re and stem.]

To force back against the current. – Shak.

REST'FUL, a. [from rest.]

Quiet; being at rest. – Shak.


In a state of rest or quiet. – Herbert.


A plant of the genus Ononis.

REST'IF, a. [Fr. retif; It. restivo, restio; from L. resto.]

  1. Unwilling to go, or only running back; obstinate in refusing to move forward; stubborn; as, a restif steed. It seems originally to have been used of horses that would not be driven forward. It is sometimes written Restive. All who before him did ascend the throne, / Labor'd to draw three restive nations on. – Roscommon.
  2. Unyielding; as, restif stubbornness. – L'Estrange.
  3. Being at rest, or less in action. [Not in use.] – Brown.