Dictionary: ORB-A'TION – OR-CHID'E-OUS

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ORB-A'TION, n. [L. orbatio, from orbs, to bereave.]

Privation of parents or children, or privation in general. [Not used.]

ORB'ED, a.

  1. Round; circular; orbicular. Shak.
  2. Formed into a circular or round shape. Milton.
  3. Rounded or covered on the exterior. The wheels were orbed with gold. Addison.

ORB'IC, a.

Spherical. Bacon.

ORB-IC'U-LAR, a. [Fr. orbiculaire, from L. orbiculus.]

Spherical; circular; in the form of an orb. Milton. Addison.




Sphericity; the state of being orbicular.

ORB-IC'U-LATE, or ORB-IC'U-LA-TED, a. [L. orbiculatus.]

Made or being in the form of an orb. In botany, an orbiculate or orbicular leaf is one that has the periphery of a circle, or both its longitudinal and transverse diameters equal. Martyn.


The state of being made in the form of an orb. More.

ORB'ING, ppr.

Forming into a circle.

ORB'IS, or ORB'-FISH, n.

A fish of a circular form. It is covered with a firm hard skin full of small prickles, but is destitute of scales. It is unfit for food. Dict. Nat. Hist.

ORB'IT, n. [Fr. orbite; L. orbita, a trace or track, from orbis, a wheel.]

  1. In astronomy, the path of a planet or comet; the curve line which a planet describes in its periodical revolution round its central body; as, the orbit of Jupiter or Mercury. The orbit of the earth is nearly one hundred and ninety millions of miles in diameter. The orbit of the moon is 480,000 miles in diameter. The orbits of the planets are elliptical.
  2. A small orb. [Not proper.] Young.
  3. In anatomy, the cavity in which the eye is situated.


Pertaining to the orbit. Med. Repos. Hooper. [Orbital is the preferable word.]

ORB'I-TUDE, or ORB'I-TY, n. [L. orbitas.]

Bereavement by loss of parents or children. [Little used.] Hall.


Resembling an orb.

ORB'Y, a. [from orb.]

Resembling an orb. Chapman.

ORC, n. [L. orca; Gr. ορυγα.]

A cetaceous mammal of uncertain and unsettled character; a species of whale. Drayton. The Delphinus orca of Linnæus is the grampus.



A plant, (Anchusa tinctoria.) Ainsworth.

OR'CHARD, n. [Sax. ortgeard; Goth. aurtigards; Dan. urtegaard; Sw. örtegård; that is, wort-yard, a yard for herbs. The Germans call it baumgarten, tree-garden, and the Dutch boomgaard, tree-yard. See Yard.]

An inclosure for fruit-trees. In Great Britain, a department of the garden appropriated to fruit trees of all kinds, but chiefly to apple-trees. In America, any piece of land set with apple-trees, is called an orchard; and orchards are usually cultivated land, being either grounds for mowing or tillage. In some parts of the country, a piece of ground planted with peach-trees is called a peach-orchard. But in most cases, I believe the orchard in both countries is distinct from the garden.


  1. The cultivation of orchards. Evelyn.
  2. Orchards in general. United States.


The cultivation of orchards.

OR'CHES-TER, or OR'CHES-TRA, n. [L. orchestra; Gr. ορχηστρα, from ορχηστηρ, a dancer, from ορχεομαι, to dance; originally, the place for the chorus of dancers.]

  1. The part of a theater or other public place appropriated to the musicians. In the Grecian theaters, the orchester was a part of the stage; it was of a semicircular form and surrounded with seats. In the Roman theaters, it was no part of the scene, but answered nearly to the pit in modern play-houses, and was occupied by senators and other persons of distinction. Encyc.
  2. The body of performers in the orchester. Busby.

OR'CHES-TRAL, a. [supra.]

Pertaining to an orchester; suitable for or performed in the orchester. Busby.


Relating to that group of plants of which Orchis is the type.

OR-CHID'E-OUS, a. [infra.]

Pertaining to Orchis.