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OR-GIL'LOUS, a. [Fr. orgueilleux, from orgueil, Sax. orgel, pride, haughtiness; Gr. οργαω, to swell.]

Proud; haughty. [Not used.] Shak.

OR'GUES, n. [Fr.]

  1. In the military art, long thick pieces of timber, pointed and shod with iron and hung over a gateway, to be let down in case of attack. Encyc.
  2. A machine composed of several musket barrels united, by means of which several explosions are made at once to defend breaches. Cyc.

OR'I-CHALC, or OR-I-CHAL'CUM, n. [L. orichalcum, mountain brass; Gr. ορος and χαλκος; or aurichalcum, gold-brass.]

A metallic substance resembling gold in color, but inferior in value; the brass of the ancients. Spenser. Encyc. Ure.

O'RI-EL, or O'RI-OL, n. [Old Fr. oriol.]

A small apartment next a hall, where particular persons dine; a sort of recess. [Obs.] Cowel.

O'RI-EN-CY, n. [See Orient.]

Brightness or strength of color. [Little used.] Waterhouse.

O'RI-ENT, a. [L. oriens, from orior, to arise.]

  1. Rising, as the sun. Moon, that now meet'st the orient sun. Milton. The orient morn. Milton.
  2. Eastern; oriental.
  3. Bright; shining; glittering; as, orient pearls. Dryden.

O'RI-ENT, n.

The east; the part of the horizon where the sun first appears in the morning.


  1. Eastern; situated in the east; as, oriental seas or countries.
  2. Proceeding from the east; as, the oriental radiations of the son. Brown.


A native or inhabitant of some eastern part of the world. We give the appellation to the inhabitants of Asia from the Hellespont and Mediterranean to Japan.


An eastern mode of speech; an idiom of the eastern languages. Warton.


Doctrines or idioms of the Asiatic nations.


  1. An inhabitant of the eastern parts of the world. Peters.
  2. One versed in the eastern languages and literature. Ouseley.


The state of being oriental or eastern. [Not used.] Brown.

OR'I-FICE, n. [Fr. from L. orificium; os, oris, mouth, and facio, to make.]

The mouth or aperture of a tube, pipe or other cavity; as, the orifice of an artery or vein; the orifice of a wound. The orifice of Etna. Addison.

OR'I-FLAMB, n. [Fr. oriflamme.]

The ancient royal standard of France. Ainsworth.

OR'I-GAN, or OR-IG'A-NUM, n. [L.; from Gr. οριγανον.]

Marjoram, a genus of plants. One species of this genus is a rich aromatic, excellent for culinary purposes.


The doctrines or tenets of Origen, who united Platonism with Christianity. Milner.


A follower of Origen of Alexandria, a celebrated Christian father. The Origenists held that the souls of men have a pre-existent state; that they are holy intelligences, and sin before they are united to the body; that Christ will be crucified hereafter for the salvation of devils, &c. Encyc.

OR'I-GIN, n. [Fr. and It. origine; Sp. origen; L. origo.]

  1. The first existence or beginning of any thing; as, the origin of Rome. In history it is necessary, if practicable, to trace all events to their origin.
  2. Fountain; source; cause; that from which any thing primarily proceeds; that which gives existence or beginning. The apostasy is believed to have been the origin of moral evil. The origin of many of our customs is lost in antiquity. Nations, like individuals, are ambitious to trace their descent from an honorable origin.


That may be originated.

O-RIG'IN-AL, a. [Fr. originel; L. originalis.]

  1. First in order; preceding all others; as, the original state of men; the original laws of a country; original rights or powers; the original question in debate.
  2. Primitive; pristine; as, the original perfection of Adam. Original sin, as applied to Adam, was his first act of disobedience in eating the forbidden fruit; as applied to his posterity, it is understood to mean either the sin of Adam imputed to his posterity, or that corruption of nature, or total depravity, which has been derived from him in consequence of his apostasy. On this subject divines are not agreed. In strictness, original sin is an improper use of words, as sin, ex vi termini, implies volition and the transgression of a known rule of duty by a moral agent. But this application of the words has been established by long use, and it serves to express ideas which many wise and good men entertain on this subject.
  3. Having the power to originate new thoughts or combinations of thought; as, an original genius.


  1. Origin. [See Origin, with which it accords in signification.]
  2. First copy; archetype; that from which any thing is transcribed or translated, or from which a likeness is made by the pencil, press or otherwise. Thus we say, the translation is not equal to the original. If the original can not be produced, we are permitted to offer an authenticated copy.


  1. The quality or state of being original.
  2. The power of originating or producing new thoughts, or uncommon combinations of thought; as, originality of genius.

O-RIG'IN-AL-LY, adv.

  1. Primarily; from the beginning or origin. God is originally holy in himself. Pearson.
  2. At first; at the origin. Woodward.
  3. By the first author; as, a book originally written by another hand. Roscommon.


The quality or state of being original.