Dictionary: PA-RON'Y-MOUS – PARS'LEY

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PA-RON'Y-MOUS, a. [Gr. παρωνυμος; παρα and ονομα, name.]

Resembling another word. – Watts.


A small species of parrot. – Grew. [More properly perroquet, – which see.]

PA-ROT'ID, a. [Gr. παρα, near, and ους, ωτα, ear.]

Pertaining to or denoting certain glands below and before the ears, or near the articulation of the lower jaw. The parotid glands secrete a portion of the saliva. – Parr. Coxe. Grew.

PA-RO'TIS, n. [Gr. παρωτις. See Parotid.]

  1. The parotid gland; a secreting salivary conglomerate gland below and before the ear. – Parr.
  2. An inflammation or abscess of the parotid gland. – Quincy.

PAR'OX-YSM, n. [Gr. παροξυσμος, from παροξυνω, to excite or sharpen; παρα, and οξυς, sharp.]

A fit of any disease. When a disease occurs by fits with perfect intermissions or suspensions, such fits are termed paroxysms. A paroxysm is always to be distinguished from an exacerbation.


  1. Pertaining to paroxysm; as, a paroxysmal disposition. – Asiat. Res.
  2. Caused by paroxysms or fits. – Hitchcock.

PAR'QUET-RY, n. [from Fr. parquet.]

A species of joinery or cabinet work, consisting in making an inlaid floor composed of small pieces of wood, of different figures. – Elmes.

PAR'REL, n. [Port. aparelho, from aparelhar, to prepare; Sp. aparejo, tackle and rigging, from aparejar, to prepare, L. paro. It coincides with apparel, – which see.]

Among seamen, an apparatus or frame made of ropes, trucks and ribs, so contrived as to go round the mast, and being fastened at both ends to a yard, serves to hoist it. – Encyc.

PAR-RHE'SIA, n. [Gr.]

In rhetoric, reprehension; rebuke.

PAR-RI-CI'DAL, or PAR-RI-CID'I-OUS, a. [See Parricide.]

  1. Pertaining to parricide; containing the crime of murdering a parent or child.
  2. Committing parricide.

PAR'RI-CIDE, n. [Fr. from L. paricida, from pater, father, and cædo, to kill.]

  1. A person who murders his father or mother.
  2. One who murders an ancestor, or any one to whom he owes reverence. Blackstone applies the word to one who kills his child.
  3. The murder of a parent or one to whom reverence is due. – Bacon.
  4. One who invades or destroys any to whom he owes particular reverence, as his country or patron.

PAR'RI-ED, pp. [See Parry.]

Warded off; driven aside. – Johnson.

PAR'ROCK, n. [Sax. parruc.]

A croft or small field. [Local.]

PAR'ROT, n. [supposed to be contracted from Fr. perroquet.]

  1. A name applied to various species of scansory birds of the Psittacid tribe, but more especially to those which belong to the genus Psittacus. The bill is hooked and rounded on all sides. The hooked bill of the parrot is used in climbing. These fowls are found almost every where in tropical climates. They breed in hollow trees and subsist on fruits and seeds. They are also remarkable for the faculty of making indistinct articulations of words in imitation of the human voice.
  2. A fish found among the Bahama isles, esteemed to be delicate food and remarkable for the richness of its colors. – Pennant.


The habits of parrots; imitation of parrots. – Coleridge.

PAR'RY, v.i.

To ward off; to put by thrusts or strokes; to fence. – Locke.

PAR'RY, v.t. [Fr. parer; It. parare, to adorn, to parry; Sp. parar, to stop; Port. id. to stop, to parry; from the root of pare, to cut off, to separate. See Pare.]

  1. In fencing, to ward off; to stop or to put or turn by; as, to parry a thrust.
  2. To ward off; to turn aside; to prevent a blow from taking effect.
  3. To avoid; to shift off. The French government has parried the payment of our claims. – E. Everett.

PAR'RY-ING, ppr.

Warding off; as a thrust or blow.

PARSE, v.t. [pàrs; from L. pars, part, or one of the Shemitic roots, פרס, to divide, or פרש to spread.]

In grammar, to resolve a sentence into its elements, or to show the several parts of speech composing a sentence, and their relation to each other by government or agreement.


The religion of the Parsees.

PAR'-SI-MO'NI-OUS, a. [See Parsimony.]

Sparing in the use or expenditure of money; covetous; near; close. It differs from frugal, in implying more closeness or narrowness of mind, or an attachment to property somewhat excessive, or a disposition to spend less money than is necessary or honorable. Extraordinary funds for one campaign may spare us the expense of many years; whereas a long parsimonious war will drain us of more men and money. – Addison. [It is sometimes used in a good sense for frugal.]


With a very sparing use of money; covetously.


A very sparing use of money, or a disposition to save expense.

PAR'-SI-MO-NY, n. [L. parsimonia, from parcus, saving, literally close. Parcus seems to be from the root of the G. D. bergen, Sax. beorgan, to save or keep, Eng. park. So in Russ. beregu is to keep or save, whence berejlivei, parsimonious. And this seems to be the root of burg, a borough, originally a fortified hill or castle.]

Closeness or sparingness in the use or expenditure of money; sometimes used perhaps in a good sense, implying due or justifiable caution in expenditure, in which sense it differs little from frugality and economy. More generally, it denotes an excessive caution or closeness; in which case, it is allied to covetousness, but it implies less meanness than niggardliness. It generally implies some want of honorable liberality. The ways to enrich are many; parsimony is one of the best, and yet is not innocent, for it withholdeth men from works of liberality. – Bacon.

PARS'LEY, n. [Fr. persil; Sp. perexil; Port. perrexil; It. petroselino, corrupted to petrosemolo; Sax. peterselige; G. petersilie; D. pieterselie; Sw. persilia; Dan. petersille, persille; Ir. peirsil; W. perllys; L. petroselinon; Gr. πετροσελινον; πετρος, a stone, and σελινον, parsley; stone-parsley, a plant growing among rocks.]

A plant of the genus Petroselinum. The leaves of Fanley are used in cookery, and the root is an aperient medicine.