Dictionary: DITCH – DI-URN'AL-IST

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DITCH, v.i.

To dig or make a ditch or ditches.

DITCH, v.t.

  1. To dig a ditch or ditches in; to drain by a ditch; as, to ditch moist land.
  2. To surround with a ditch. – Barret.


Brought forth in a ditch. – Shak.


One who digs ditches.


Digging ditches; also, draining by a ditch or ditches; as, ditching a swamp.

DI-TET-RA-HE'DRAL, a. [dis and tetrahedral.]

In crystallography, having the form of a tetrahedral prism with dihedral summits. – Cleaveland.

DITH'Y-RAMB, or DITH-Y-RAMB'US, n. [Gr. διθυραμβος, a title of Bacchus, the signification of which is not settled. See Heder. Lex. and Bochart De Phœn. Col. lib. 1, ca. 18.]

In ancient poetry, a hymn in honor of Bacchus, full of transport and poetical rage. Of this species of writing we have no remains. – Encyc.


Wild; enthusiastic. – Cowley.


  1. A song in honor of Bacchus, in which the wildness of intoxication is imitated. – Johnson.
  2. Any poem written in wild enthusiastic strains. – Walsh.

DI'TION, n. [L. ditio.]

Rule; power; government; dominion. – Evelyn.

DI'TONE, n. [Gr. δις and τονος, tone.]

In music, an interval comprehending two tones. The proportion of the sounds that form the ditone is 4:5, and that of the semiditone, 5:6. Encyc.

DI-TRIG'LYPH, n. [Gr. δις, τρεις and γλυφω.]

In architecture, an arrangement of intercolumniations in the Doric order, by which two triglyphs are obtained in the frieze between the triglyphs that stand over the columns. – Brande.

DIT-RI-HE'DRI-A, n. [Gr. δις, τρεις and έδρα, twice three sides.]

In minerology, a genus of spars with six sides or planes; being formed of two trigonal pyramids joined base to base, without an intermediate column. – Encyc.


Pepper-wort, the popular name of species of Lepidium. The common dittander has a hot biting taste, and is sometimes used in lieu of pepper.

DIT'TA-NY, n. [L. dictamnus; Gr. δικταμνος, or δικταμον.]

The white and the red dittany, are plants of the genus Dictamnus. Their leaves are covered with a white down; in smell, they resemble lemon-thyme, but are more aromatic. When fresh, they yield an essential oil. The dittany of Crete is a species of Origanum, and the bastard dittany is a species of Marrubium. – Encyc. Fam. of Plants.

DIT'TI-ED, a. [See Ditty.]

Sung; adapted to music. He, with his soft pipe, and smooth dittied song. – Milton.

DIT'TO, n.

Contracted into Do. in books of accounts, is the Italian detto, from L. dictum, dictus, said. It denotes said, aforesaid, or the same thing; an abbreviation used to save repetition.

DIT'TY, n. [supposed to be from the D. dicht, a poem, Sax. diht, dihtan. If so, it coincides in origin with the L. dico, dictum.]

A song; a sonnet; or a little poem to be sung. And to the warbling lute soft ditties sing. – Sandys.

DIT'TY, v.i.

To sing; to warble a little tune. – Herbert.

DI-U-RE'SIS, n. [Gr.]

Excretion of urine.

DI-U-RE'TIC, a. [Gr. διουρητικος, from διουρεω, δια and ουρεω, urinam redo, ουρον, urine.]

Having the power to provoke urine; tending to produce discharges of urine. – Coxe.


A medicine that provokes urine, or increases its discharges.

DI-URN'AL, a. [L. diurnus, daily; W. diwrnod, a day. The word is a compound of diw, dies, day, and a word which I do not understand.]

  1. Relating to a day; pertaining to the day-time; as, diurnal heat; diurnal hours.
  2. Daily; happening every day; performed in a day; as, a diurnal task.
  3. Performed in 24 hours; as, the diurnal revolution of the earth.
  4. In medicine, an epithet of diseases whose exacerbations are in the day-time; as, a diurnal fever. – Parr.


A day-book; a journal. [See Journal, which is mostly used.]


A journalist. [Not in use.] – Hall.