Dictionary: DIE – DIF'FER-ENCE

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DIE, n.2 [plur. Dies.]

A stamp used in coining money, in founderies, &c.

DIE, v.i. [Sw. ; Dan. döer. This appears to be a contracted word, and the radical letter lost is not obvious. The word dye, to tinge, is contracted from Dg. and the Arabic root signifies not only to tinge, but to perish; which circumstances would lead one to infer that they are radically one word, and that the primary sense is to plunge, fall or sink. The Saxon deadian is evidently a derivative of the participle dead. See Dye.]

  1. To be deprived of respiration, of the circulation of blood, and other bodily functions, and rendered incapable of resuscitation, as animals, either by natural decay, by disease, or by violence; to cease to live; to expire; to decease; to perish; and with respect to man, to depart from this world. All the first born in the land of Egypt shall die. – Ex. xi. The fish that is in the river shall die. – Ex. vii. This word is followed by of or by. Men die of disease; of a fever; of sickness; of a fall; of grief. They die by the sword; by famine; by pestilence; by violence, by sickness, by disease. In some cases, custom has established the use of the one, to the exclusion of the other; but in many cases, either by or of may be used at the pleasure of the writer or speaker. The use of for, he died for thirst, is not elegant nor common.
  2. To be punished with death; to lose life for a crime, or for the sake of another. I will relieve my master, if I die for it. Christ died for the ungodly. – Rom. v. Christ died for our sins. – 1 Cor. xv.
  3. To come to an end; to cease; to be lost; to perish or come to nothing; as, let the secret die in your own breast.
  4. To sink; to faint. His heart died within him, and he became as a stone. – 1 Sam. xxv.
  5. To languish with pleasure or tenderness; followed by away. To sounds of heavenly harp she dies away. – Pope.
  6. To languish with affection. The young men acknowledged that they died for Rebecca. – Tatler.
  7. To recede as sound, and become less distinct; to become less and less; or to vanish from the sight, or disappear gradually. Sound or color dies away.
  8. To lose vegetable life; to wither; to perish; as plants or seeds. Plants die for want of water. Some plants die annually.
  9. To become vapid or spiritless, as liquors; mostly used in the participle, as the cider or beer is dead.
  10. In theology, to perish everlastingly; to suffer divine wrath and punishment in the future world.
  11. To become indifferent to, or to cease so be under the power of; as, to die to sin.
  12. To endure great danger and distress. I die daily. – 1 Cor. xv. To die away, to decrease gradually; to cease to blow; as, the wind dies away.

DI-E'CIAN, n. [Gr. δις, two, and οικος, house.]

In botany, one of a class of plants, whose male and female flowers are on different plants of the same species.

DI'ER, n. [See DYER.]

DI-ER'E-SIS, n. [Gr.]

The dissolving of a diphthong; the mark ¨ denoting that the vowels are to be pronounced as distinct letters.

DI'E-SIS, n. [Gr., a division.]

In music, the division of a tone, less than a semitone; or an interval consisting of a less or imperfect semitone. – Encyc.

DI'ET, n. [D. ryksdag; G. reichstag; Sw. riksdag; Dan. rigsdag; empire's day, imperial diet. These words prove that diet is from dies, day. So in Scots law, diet of appearance.]

An assembly of the states or circles of the empire of Germany and of Poland; a convention of princes, electors, ecclesiastical dignitaries, and representatives of free cities, to deliberate on the affairs of the empire. There are also diets of states and cantons. – Encyc.

DI'ET, n.1 [L. diæta; Gr. διαιτα, manner a living, mode of life prescribed by a physician, food, a room, parlor or bedroom; Sp. dieta; Fr. diète; It. dieta. In the middle ages, this word was used to denote the provision of food for one day, and for a journey of one day. Spelman. Hence it seems to be from dies, day, or its root; and hence the word may have come to signify a meal or supper, and the room occupied for eating.]

  1. Food or victuals; as, milk is a wholesome diet; flesh is a nourishing diet.
  2. Food regulated by a physician, or by medical rules; food prescribed for the prevention or cure of disease, and limited in kind or quantity. I restrained myself to a regular diet of flesh once a day.
  3. Allowance of provision. For his diet there was a continual diet given him by the king. – Jer. lii.
  4. Board, or boarding; as, to pay a certain sum for diet, washing and lodging.

DI'ET, v.i.

  1. To eat according to rules prescribed.
  2. To eat; to feed; as, the students diet in commons.

DI'ET, v.t.

  1. To feed; to board; to furnish provisions for; as, the master diets his apprentice.
  2. To take food by rules prescribed; as, an invalid should carefully diet himself.
  3. To feed; to furnish aliment; as, to diet revenge. – Shak.

DI'ET-A-RY, a.

Pertaining to diet or the rules of diet.

DI'ET-A-RY, n.

Regulated provision for food; usual diet, especially for the poor in alms-houses and prisons.


Medicated liquors; drink prepared with medicinal ingredients.

DI'ET-ED, pp.

Fed; boarded; fed by prescribed rules.

DI'ET-ER, n.

One who diets; one who prescribes rules for eating; one who prepares food by rules.

DI-ET-ET'IC, or DI-ET-ET'IC-AL, a. [Gr. διαιτητικη.]

Pertaining to diet, or to the rules for regulating the kind and quantity of food to be eaten.


That part of medicine which relates to diet or food.


A subordinate or local diet; a cantonal convention.

DI'ET-ING, ppr.

Taking food; prescribing rules for eating; taking food according to prescribed rules.


God and my right.

DIF-FAR-RE-A'TION, n. [L. dis and farreatio.]

The parting of a cake; a ceremony among the Romans, at the divorce of man and wife. – Encyc.

DIF'FER, v.i. [L. differo, dis and fero, to bear or move apart; It. differire; Fr. differer. See Bear.]

  1. Literally, to be separate. Hence, to be unlike, dissimilar, distinct or various, in nature, condition, form or qualities; followed by from. Men differ from brutes; a statue differs from a picture; wisdom differs from folly. One star differeth from another star in glory. – 1 Cor. xv.
  2. To disagree; not to accord; to be of a contrary opinion. We are all free to differ in opinion, and sometimes our sentiments differ less than we at first suppose.
  3. To contend; to be at variance; to strive or debate in words; to dispute; to quarrel. We'll never differ with a crowded pit. – Rowe.

DIF'FER, v.t.

To cause to be different or various. A different dialect and pronunciation differs persons of divers countries. – Derham. [This transitive use of the verb is not common, nor to be commended.]


Made different; disagreed.


  1. The state of being unlike or distinct; distinction; disagreement; want of sameness; variation; dissimilarity. Difference may be total or partial, and exist in the nature and essence of things, in the form, the qualities or degrees. There is a difference in nature between animals and plants; a difference in form between the genera and species of animals; a difference of quality in paper; and a difference in degrees of heat, or of light.
  2. The quality which distinguishes one thing from another.
  3. Dispute; debate; contention; quarrel; controversy. What was the difference? It was a contention in public. – Shak.
  4. The point in dispute; ground of controversy. – Shak.
  5. A logical distinction.
  6. Evidences or marks of distinction. The marks and differences of sovereignty. – Davies.
  7. Distinction. There is no difference between the Jew and the Greek. – Rom x.
  8. In mathematics, the remainder of a sum or quantity, after a lesser sum or quantity is subtracted.
  9. In logic, an essential attribute, belonging to some species, and not found in the genus; being the idea that defines the species. – Encyc.
  10. In heraldry, a certain figure added to a coat of arms, serving to distinguish one family from another, or to show how distant a younger branch is from the elder or principal branch.