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DO'TAGE, n. [from dote.]

  1. Feebleness or imbecility of understanding or mind, particularly in old age; childishness of old age; as a venerable man now in his dotage.
  2. A doting; excessive fondness. – Dryden.
  3. Deliriousness. [See the verb, to dote.]

DO'TAL, a. [Fr. from L. dotalis, from dos, dower.]

Pertaining to dower, or a woman's marriage portion; constituting dower, or comprised in it; as, a dotal town. – Garth.

DO'TARD, n. [dote and ard, kind.]

  1. A man whose intellect is impaired by age; one in his second childhood. The sickly dotard wants a wife. – Prior.
  2. A doting fellow; one foolishly fond.


Like a dotard; weak. – More.

DO-TA'TION, n. [L. dotatio, from dos, dower, doto, to endow.]

  1. The act of endowing, or bestowing a marriage portion on a woman.
  2. Endowment; establishment of funds for support; as of a hospital or eleemosynary corporation. – Blackstone.

DOTE, v.i. [D. dutten, to dote, to doze; W. dotiaw, to put out, to cause to mistake, to err, to dote; dotian, to be confused; Fr. radoter, to rave, to talk idly or extravagantly. The French word is rendered in Armoric, rambreal, which seems to be our ramble.]

  1. To be delirious; to have the intellect impaired by age, so that the mind wanders or wavers; to be silly. Time has made you dote, and vainly tell / Of arms imagined in your lonely cell. – Dryden.
  2. To be excessively in love; usually with on or upon: to dote on, is to love to excess or extravagance. What dust we dote on, when 'tis man we love. – Pope. Aholah doted on her lovers, the Assyrians. – Ezek. xxiii.
  3. To decay. – Houston.

DOT'ED, pp.

  1. Regarded with excessive fondness.
  2. adj. Stupid.

DOT'ER, n.

  1. One who dotes; a man whose understanding is enfeebled by age; a dotard. – Burton.
  2. One who is excessively fond, or weakly in love. – Boyle.

DOT'ING, ppr.

Regarding with excessive fondness.

DOT'ING-LY, adv.

By excessive fondness. – Dryden.


A tree kept low by cutting. – Bacon.

DOT'TED, pp.

  1. Marked with dots or small spots; diversified with small detached objects.
  2. In botany, sprinkled with hollow dots or points. – Martyn.


The popular name of Charadrius Morinellus of Linnæus, a fowl of his order Grallæ. Sea Dottrel is the popular name of Tringa Interpres of Linnæus; likewise of his order Grallæ. Most of the species of Charadrius are called popularly Plovers.

DOT'TING, ppr.

Marking with dots or spots; diversifying with small detached objects.


or DOU-A-NEER n. [Fr.] An officer of the customs. – Gray.

DOUB'LE, a. [dub'l; Fr. double; Arm. doubl; Sp. doble; Port. dobre; It. doppio; W. dyblyg; D. dubbel; G. doppelt; Dan. dobbelt; Sw. dubbel; L. duplus, duplex; Gr. διπλοος; compounded of duo, two, and plico, to fold, plexus, a fold. See Two.]

  1. Two of a sort together; one corresponding to the other; being in pairs; as, double chickens in the same egg; double leaves connected by one petiole.
  2. Twice as much; containing the same quantity or length repeated. Take double money in your hand. – Gen. xliii. Let a double portion of thy spirit be on me. 2 Kings ii. With to; as, the amount is double to what I expected.
  3. Having one added to another; as, a double chin.
  4. Twofold; also, of two kinds. Darkness and tempest make a double night. – Dryden.
  5. Two in number; as, double sight or sound. [See No. 1.] – Davies.
  6. Deceitful; acting two parts, one openly, the other in secret. And with a double heart do they speak. – Ps. xii.

DOUB'LE, adv. [dub'l.]

Twice. I was double their age. – Swift.


  1. Twice as much; twice the number, sum, value, quantity, or length. If the thief be found, let him pay double. – Ex. xxii.
  2. A turn in running to escape pursuers. – Blackmore.
  3. A trick; a shift; an artifice to deceive. – Addison.


In composition, denotes two ways, or twice the number or quantity.

DOUB'LE, v.i.

  1. To increase to twice the sum, number, value, quantity, or length; to increase or grow to twice as much. A sum of money doubles by compound interest in a little more than eleven years. The inhabitants of the United States double in about twenty-five years.
  2. To enlarge a wager to twice the sum laid. I am resolved to double till I win. – Dryden.
  3. To turn back or wind in running. Doubling and turning like a hunted hare. – Dryden.
  4. To play tricks; to use sleights. – Johnson.

DOUB'LE, v.t. [dub'l; Fr. doubler; Arm. doubla; Sp. doblar; Port. dobrar; It. doppiare; D. dubbelen; G. doppeln; Dan. doblerer; Sw. dublera; Ir. dublaighim; W. dyblygu; L. duplico; Gr. διπλοω.]

  1. To fold; as, to double the leaf of a book; to double down a corner. – Prior.
  2. To increase or extend by adding an equal sum, value, quantity, or length; as, to double a sum of money; to double the amount; to double the quantity or size of a thing; to double the length; to double dishonor.
  3. To contain twice the sum, quantity, or length, or twice as much; as, the enemy doubles our army in numbers.
  4. To repeat; to add; as, to double blow on blow. – Dryden.
  5. To add one to another in the same order. Thou shalt double the sixth curtain in the fore front of the tabernacle. – Ex. xxvi.
  6. In navigation, to double a cape or point, is to sail round it, so that the cape or point shall be between the ship and her former situation. – Mar. Dict.
  7. In military affairs, to unite two ranks or files in one. To double and twist, is to add one thread to another and twist them together. To double upon, in tactics, is to inclose between two fires.


In seamanship, having two opposite oars managed by rowers on the same bench, or having two men to the same oar. – Mar. Dict.


Having two barrels, as a gun.


The lowest toned instrument of music in the form of a violin.


Biting or cutting on either side; as, a double-biting ax. – Dryden.