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GNO-MI-O-MET'RIC-AL, a. [Gr. γνωμων, an index, and μετρεω, to measure.]

The gnomiometrical telescope and microscope is an instrument for measuring the angles of crystals by reflection, and for ascertaining the inclination of strata, and the apparent magnitude of angles when the eye is not placed at the vertex. Brewster.


Pertaining to gnomology.

GNO-MOL'O-GY, n. [Gr. γνωμη, a maxim or sentence, and λογος, discourse.]

A collection of maxims, grave sentences or reflections. [Little used.] Milton.

GNO'MON, n. [no'mon; Gr. γνωμων, an index, from the root of γινωσκω, to know.]

  1. In dialing, the style or pin, which by its shadow shows the hour of the day. It represents the axis of the earth. Encyc.
  2. In astronomy, a style erected perpendicularly to the horizon, in order to find the altitude of the sun. Encyc.
  3. The gnomon of a globe, is the index of the hour-circle. Encyc.


Pertaining to the art of dialing. Chambers.


The art or science of dialing, or of constructing dials to show the hour of the day by the shadow of a gnomon.

GNOS'TIC, a. [nostic.]

Pertaining to the Gnostics or their doctrines.

GNOS'TIC, n. [nostic; L. gnosticus; Gr. γνωστικος, from γινωσκω, to know.]

The Gnostics were a sect of philosophers that arose in the first ages of Christianity, who pretended they were the only men who had a true knowledge of the Christian religion. They formed for themselves a system of theology, agreeable to the philosophy of Pythagoras and Plato, to which they accommodated their interpretations of Scripture. They held that all natures, intelligible, intellectual and material, are derived by successive emanations from the infinite fountain of Deity. These emanations they called æons, αιωνες. These doctrines were derived from the oriental philosophy. Encyc. Enfield.

GNOS'TI-CISM, n. [nos'ticism.]

The doctrines, principles or system of philosophy taught by the Gnostics. Enfield.

GNU, n.

  1. The Catoblepas Gnu, a ruminant mammal of the tribe Bovidae, inhabiting Southern Africa, whose form partakes of that of the horse, the ox, and the deer.
  2. The draft iron attached to the end of a plow beam, (clavis, clevy.) [Local.]

GO, v.i. [pret. went; pp. gone. Went belongs to the root Sax. wendan, a different word. Sax. gan; G. gehen; Dan. gaaer; Sw. ; D. gaan; Basque, gan. This is probably a contracted word, but the original is obscure. In Goth. gaggan, to go, seems to be the Eng. gang; and gad may belong to a different family. The primary sense is to pass, and either to go or come. Sax. ga forth, go forth; ga hither, come hither; her gæth, he comes.]

  1. In a general sense, to move; to pass; to proceed from one place, state or station to another; opposed to resting. A mill goes by water or by steam; a ship goes at the rate of five knots an hour; a clock goes fast or slow; a horse goes lame; a fowl or a ball goes with velocity through the air. The mourners go about the streets. Eccles. xii.
  2. To walk; to move on the feet or step by step. The child begins to go alone at a year old. You know that love / Will creep in service where it cannot go. Shak.
  3. To walk leisurely; not to run. Thou must run to him; for thou hast staid so long that going will scarce serve the turn. Shak.
  4. To travel; to journey by land or water. I must go to Boston. He has gone to Philadelphia. The minister is going to France.
  5. To depart; to move from a place; opposed to come. The mail goes and comes every day, or twice a week. I will let you go, that ye may sacrifice. Ex. viii.
  6. To proceed; to pass. And so the jest goes round. Dryden.
  7. To move; to pass in any manner or to any end; as, to go to bed; to go to dinner; to go to war.
  8. To move or pass customarily from place to place, denoting custom or practice. The child goes to school. A ship goes regularly to London. We go to church.
  9. To proceed from one state or opinion to another; to change. He goes from one opinion to another. His estate is going to ruin.
  10. To proceed in mental operations; to advance; to penetrate. We can go but a very little way in developing the causes of things.
  11. To proceed or advance in accomplishing an end. This sum will not go far toward full payment of the debt.
  12. To apply; to be applicable. The argument goes to this point only; it goes to prove too much.
  13. To apply one's self. Seeing himself confronted by so many, like a resolute orator, he went not to denial, but to justify his cruel falsehood. Sidney.
  14. To have recourse to; as, to go to law.
  15. To be about to do; as, I was going to say. I am going to begin harvest. [This use is chiefly confined to the participle.]
  16. To pass; to be accounted in value. All this goes for nothing. This coin goes for a crown.
  17. To circulate; to pass in report. The story goes.
  18. To pass; to be received; to be accounted or understood to be. And the man went among men for an old man in the days of Saul. 1 Sam. xvii.
  19. To move, or be in motion; as a machine. [See No. 1.]
  20. To move as a fluid; to flow. The god I am, whose yellow water flows Around these fields, and fattens as it goes, Tiber my name. Dryden.
  21. To have a tendency. Against right reason all your counsels go. Dryden.
  22. To be in compact or partnership. They were to go equal shares in the booty. L'Estrange.
  23. To be guided or regulated; to proceed by some principle or rule. We are to go by the rules of law, or according to the precepts of Scripture. We are to go by another measure. Sprat.
  24. To be pregnant. The females of different animals go some a longer, some a shorter time.
  25. To pass; to be alienated in payment or exchange. If our exports are of less value than our imports, our money must go to pay the balance.
  26. To be loosed or released; to be freed from restraint. Let me go; let go the hand.
  27. To be expended. His estate goes or has gone for spirituous liquors. [See No. 24.]
  28. To extend; to reach. The line goes from one end to the other. His land goes to the bank of the Hudson.
  29. To extend or lead in any direction. This road goes to Albany.
  30. To proceed; to extend. This argument goes far toward proving the point. It goes a great way toward establishing the innocence of the accused.
  31. To have effect; to extend in effect; to avail; to be of force or value. Money goes further now than it did during the war.
  32. To extend in meaning or purport. His amorous expressions go no further than virtue may allow. Dryden. [In the three last examples, the sense of go depends on far, farther, further.]
  33. To have a currency or use, as custom, opinion or manners. I think, as the world goes, be was a good sort of man enough. Arbuthnot.
  34. To contribute; to conduce; to concur; to be an ingredient; with to or into. The substances which go into this composition. Many qualifications go to make up the well bred man.
  35. To proceed; to be carried on. The business goes on well.
  36. To proceed to final issue; to terminate; to succeed. Whether the cause goes for me or against me, you must pay me the reward. Watts.
  37. To proceed in a train, or in consequences. How goes the night, boy? Shak.
  38. To fare; to be in a good or ill state. How goes it, comrade?
  39. To have a tendency or effect; to operate. These cases go to show that the court will vary the construction of instruments. Mass. Reports. To go about, to set one's self to a business; to attempt; to endeavor. They never go about to hide or palliate their vices. Swift. #2. In seamen's language, to tack; to turn the head of a ship. To go abroad, to walk out of a house. #2. To be uttered, disclosed or published. To go against, to invade; to march to attack. #2. To be in opposition; to be disagreeable. To go aside, to withdraw; to retire into a private situation. #2. To err; to deviate from the right way. To go astray, to wander; to break from an inclosure; also, to leave the right course; to depart from law or rule; to sin; to transgress. To go away, to depart; to go to a distance. To go between, to interpose; to mediate; to attempt to reconcile or to adjust differences. To go by, to pass near and beyond. #2. To pass away unnoticed; to omit. #3. To find or get in the conclusion. In argument with men, a woman ever / Goes by the worse, whatever be her cause. Milton. [A phrase now little used.] To go down, to descend in any manner. #2. To fail; to come to nothing. #3. To be swallowed or received, not rejected. The doctrine of the divine right of kings will not go down in this period of the world. To go for nothing, to have no meaning or efficacy. To go forth, to issue or depart out of a place. To go forward, to advance. To go hard with, to be in danger of a fatal issue; to have difficulty to escape. To go in, to enter. To go in to, to have sexual commerce with. Scripture. To go in and out, to do the business of life. #2. To go freely; to be at liberty. John x. To go off, to depart to a distance; to leave a place or station. #2. To die; to decease. #3. To be discharged, as fire-arms; to explode. To go on, to proceed; to advance forward. #2. To be put on, as a garment. The coat will not go on. To go out, to issue forth; to depart from. #2. To go on an expedition. Shak. #3. To become extinct, as light or life; to expire. A candle goes out; fire goes out. And life itself goes out at thy displeasure. Addison. #4. To become public. This story goes out to the world. To go over, to read; to peruse; to study. #2. To examine; to view or review; as, to go over an account. If we go over the laws of Christianity. Tillotson. #3. To think over; to proceed or pass in mental operation. #4. To change sides; to pass from one party to another. #5. To revolt. #6. To pass from one side to the other, as of a river. To go through, to pass in a substance; as, to go through water. #2. To execute; to accomplish; to perform thoroughly; to finish; as, to go through an undertaking. #3. To suffer; to bear; to undergo; to sustain to the end; as, to go through a long sickness; to go through an operation. To go through with, to execute effectually. To go under, to be talked of or known, as by a title or name; as, to go under the name of reformers. To go up, to ascend; to rise. To go upon, to proceed as on a foundation; to take as a principle supposed or settled; as, to go upon a supposition. To go with, to accompany; to pass with others. #2. To side with; to be in party or design with. To go ill with, to have ill fortune; not to prosper. To go well with, to have good fortune; to prosper. To go without, to be or remain destitute. Go to, come, move, begin; a phrase of exhortation; also a phrase of scornful exhortation.

GOAD, n. [Sax. gad, a goad; Sw. gadd, a sting; Scot. gad, a goad, a rod, the point of a spear; Ir. gath, goth, a goad; W. goth, a push. The sense is a shoot, a point.]

A pointed instrument used to stimulate a beast to move faster.

GOAD, v.t.

  1. To prick; to drive with a goad.
  2. To incite; to stimulate; to instigate; to urge forward, or to rouse by any thing pungent, severe, irritating or inflaming. He was goaded by sarcastic remarks or by abuse; goaded by desire or other passion.

GOAD'ED, pp.

Pricked; pushed on by a goad; instigated.

GOAD'ING, ppr.

Pricking; driving with a goad; inciting; urging on; rousing.

GOAL, n. [Fr. gaule, a long pole; W. gwyal; Arm. goalenn, a staff.]

  1. The point set to bound a race, and to which they run; the mark. Part curb their fiery steeds, or shun the goal / With rapid wheels. Milton.
  2. Any starting post. Milton.
  3. The end or final purpose; the end to which a design tends, or which a person aims to reach or accomplish. Each individual seeks a several goal. Pope.

GOAR, n. [More usually Gore, – which see.]


Patched; mean. [Obs.] Beaum.

GOAT, n. [Sax. gæt; D. geit; G. geiss; Sw. get; Dan. gedebuk, a he-goat; Russ. koza.]

An animal or quadruped of the genus Capra. The horns are hollow, turned upward, erect and scabrous. Goats are nearly of the size of sheep, but stronger, lese timid, and more agile. They delight to frequent rocks and mountains, and subsist on scanty coarse food. The milk of the goat is sweet, nourishing and medicinal, and the flesh furnishes provisions to the inhabitants of countries where they abound.


An insect, a kind of beetle. Bailey.


A fish of the Mediterranean.


One whose occupation is to tend goats. Spenser.


  1. Resembling a goat in any quality; of a rank smell. More.
  2. Lustful. Shak.


In the manner of a goat; lustfully.