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NATH'LESS, adv. [Sax. natheles; na, the and less, not the less.]

Nevertheless; not the less; notwithstanding. [Obs.] Milton.

NATH'MORE, adv. [na, the and more.]

Not the more; never the more. [Obs.] Spenser.

NA'TION, n. [L. natio, from natus, born; nascor, to be born; perhaps Heb. נוץ.]

  1. A body of people inhabiting the same country, or united under the same sovereign or government; as, the English nation; the French nation. It often happens that many nations are subject to one government, in which case, the word nation usually denotes a body of people speaking the same language, or a body that has formerly been under a distinct government, but has been conquered, or incorporated with a larger nation. Thus the empire of Russia comprehends many nations, as did formerly the Roman and Persian empires. Nation, as its etymology imports, originally denoted a family or race of men descended from a common progenitor, like tribe, but by emigration, conquest and intermixture of men of different families, this distinction is in most countries lost.
  2. A great number, by way of emphasis. Young.


  1. Pertaining to a nation; as, national customs, dress or language.
  2. Public; general; common to a nation; as, a national calamity.
  3. Attached or unduly attached to one's own country. The writer manifested much national prejudice. He was too national to be impartial,


The state of being national; nationality.


National character; also, the quality of being national, or strongly attached to one's own nation. Boswell.


To make national; to give to one the character and habits of a nation, or the peculiar attachments which belong to citizens of the same nation.


Rendered national.


Making national; giving one the character and habits of a nation.


In regard to the nation; as a whole nation. The Jews – being nationally espoused to God by covenant. South.


State of being national.

NA'TIVE, a. [L. nativus, from nascor, natus, to be born.]

  1. Produced by nature; original; born with the being; natural; not acquired; as, native genius; native affections; a native talent or disposition; native cheerfulness; native simplicity.
  2. Produced by nature; not factitious or artificial; as, native ore; native color.
  3. Conferred by birth; as, native rights and privileges.
  4. Pertaining to the place of birth; as, native soil; native country; native graces. Shak.
  5. Original; that of which any thing is made; as, man's native dust. Milton.
  6. Born with; congenial. Shak.


  1. One born in any place is said to be a native of that place, whether country, city, or town.
  2. Offspring. [Not in use.] Shak.

NA'TIVE-LY, adv.

By birth; naturally; originally. Taylor. Lightfoot.


State of being produced by nature. Johnson.


  1. Birth; the coming into life or the world. The feast of Christmas is observed in memory of Christ's nativity,
  2. Time, place and manner of birth; as, to calculate one's nativity.
  3. State or place of being produced. These, in their dark nativity, the deep / Shall yield us pregnant with infernal flame. Milton.

NAT'KA, n.

A bird, a species of shrike. Pennant.


A variety of mesotype or zeolite, so called by Klaproth on account of the great quantity of soda it contains. Dict. Nat. Hist.


Native carbonate of soda, or mineral alkali. [See Niter.]

NAT'U-RAL, a. [Fr. naturel; L. naturalis, from natura, nature, from nascor, to be born or produced.]

  1. Pertaining to nature; produced or effected by nature, or by the laws of growth, formation or motion impressed on bodies or beings by divine power. Thus we speak of the natural growth of animals or plants; the natural motion of a gravitating body; natural strength or disposition; the natural heat of the body; natural color; natural beauty. In this sense, nature is opposed to artificial or acquired.
  2. According to the stated course of things. Poverty and shame are the natural consequences of certain vices.
  3. Not forced; not far fetched; such as is dictated by nature. The gestures of the orator are natural.
  4. According to the life; as, a natural representation of the face.
  5. Consonant to nature. Fire and warmth go together, and so seem to carry with them as natural an evidence as self-evident truths themselves. Locke.
  6. Derived from nature, as opposed to habitual. The love of pleasure is natural; the love of study is usually habitual or acquired.
  7. Discoverable by reason; not revealed; as, natural religion.
  8. Produced or coming in the ordinary course of things, or the progress of animals and vegetables; as, a natural death opposed to violent or premature.
  9. Tender; affectionate by nature. Shak.
  10. Unaffected; unassumed; according to truth and reality. What can be more natural than the circumstances of the behavior of those women who had lost their husbands on this fatal day? Addison.
  11. Illegitimate; born out of wedlock; as, a natural son.
  12. Native; vernacular; as, one's natural language. Swift.
  13. Derived from the study of the works of nature; as, natural knowledge. Addison.
  14. A natural note, in music, is that which is according to the usual order of the scale; opposed to flat and sharp notes, which are called artificial. Natural history, in its most extensive sense, is the description of whatever is created, or of the whole universe, including the heavens and the earth, and all the productions of the earth. But more generally, natural history is limited to a description of the earth and its productions, including zoology, botany, geology, mineralogy, meteorology, &c. Natural philosophy, the science of material natural bodies, of their properties, powers and motions. It is distinguished from intellectual and moral philosophy, which respect the mind or understanding of man and the qualities of actions. Natural philosophy comprehends mechanics, hydrostatics, optics, astronomy, chimistry, magnetism, electricity, galvanism, &c.


  1. An idiot; one born without the usual powers of reason or understanding. This is probably elliptical for natural fool.
  2. A native; an original inhabitant. [Not in use.] Ralegh.
  3. Gift of nature; natural quality. [Not in use.] B. Jonson. Wotton.


  1. Mere state of nature. Lavington.
  2. Religious knowledge which may be acquired by men's natural powers without revelation. Bib. Repos. 1. 112.


One that studies natural history and philosophy or physics; one that is versed in natural history or philosophy. It is more generally applied to one that is versed in natural history.


The state of being natural.

NAT-U-RAL-I-ZA'TION, n. [See Naturalize.]

The act of investing an alien with the rights and privileges of a native subject or citizen. Naturalization in Great Britain is only by act of Parliament. In the United States, it is by act of Congress, vesting certain tribunals with the power.