Dictionary: NI'TRITE – NO'BLE-MAN

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A salt formed by the combination of the nitrous acid with a base.

NI'TRO-GEN, n. [Gr. νιτρον, niter, and γενναω, to produce.]

That element which is the basis of nitric acid, and the principal ingredient of atmospheric air. In a pure state, it is a colorless gas, wholly devoid of smell and taste. It was first noticed by Dr. Rutherford, in the year 1772. [See Azote.]


Pertaining to nitrogen.


Designating a supposed acid obtained from leucine acted on by nitric acid. It is now supposed to be a compound of nitric acid and leucine, and therefore is not properly an acid. Braconnot.

NI-TROM'E-TER, n. [Gr. νιτρον and μετρεω, to measure.]

An instrument for ascertaining the quality or value of niter. Ure.


The nitro-muriatic acid is a mixture of nitric and muriatic acid, or more probably a compound of nitrogen, oxygen, and chlorine.


Pertaining to niter; partaking of the qualities of niter or resembling it. Nitrous acid is one of the compounds formed of nitrogen and oxygen, in which the oxygen is in a lower proportion than that in which the same elements form nitric acid.

NI'TRY, a.

Nitrous; pertaining to niter; producing niter. Gay.

NIT'TER, n. [from nit.]

The horse bee that deposits nits on horses. Med. Repos.

NIT'TI-LY, adv. [from nifty.]

Lousily. [Not used.] Hayward.

NIT'TY, a. [from nit.]

Full of nits; abounding with nits. Johnson.

NI'VAL, a. [L. nivalis, from nix, nivis, snow.]

Abounding with snow; snowy. [Not used.] Dict.

NIV'E-OUS, a. [L. niveus.]

Snowy; resembling snow; partaking of the qualities of snow. Brown.

NIZ'AM, n.

The title of one of the native sovereigns of India.

NO, a.

  1. Not any; none. Let there be no strife between thee and me. Gen. xiii.
  2. Not any; not one. Thou shalt worship no other God. Ex. xxxiv.
  3. When it precedes where, as in no where, it may be considered as adverbial, though originally an adjective.

NO, adv. [Sax. na or ne; W. na; Russ. ne; Sans. na; Pers. Zend. id.]

  1. A word of denial or refusal, expressing a negative, and equivalent to nay and not. When it expresses a negative answer, it is opposed to yes or yea. Will you go? No. It is frequently used in denying propositions, and opposed to affirmation or concession. “That I may prove them, whether they will walk in my law, or no.” Exod. xvi. No, in this use, is deemed less elegant than not, but the use is very general.
  2. After another negative, it repeats the negation with great emphasis. There is none righteous, no, not one. Rom. lii. 1 Cor. v. Sometimes it follows an affirmative proposition in like manner, but still it denies with emphasis and gives force to the following negative. To whom we gave place by subjection, no, not for an hour. Gal. ii. Sometimes it begins a sentence with a like emphatical signification., strengthening the following negative. No, not the bow which so adorns the skies, / So glorious is, or boasts so many dyes. Waller.
  3. Not in any degree; as, no longer; no shorter; no more; no less.
  4. When no is repeated, it expresses negation or refusal with emphasis; as, no, no.

NO, n. [NO.]

An abbreviation of number, Fr. nombre; as, No. 8, No. 10.


Relating to the time of Noah, the patriarch. Phillips, Geol.

NO-BIL'IA-RY, n. [See Noble.]

A history of noble families. Encyc.

NO-BIL'I-TATE, v.t. [L. nobilito. See Noble.]

To make noble; to ennoble.


The act of making noble. More.

NO-BIL'I-TY, n. [L. nobilitas.]

  1. Dignity of mind; greatness; grandeur; that elevation of soul which comprehends bravery, generosity, magnanimity, intrepidity, and contempt of every thing that dishonors character. Though she hated Amphialus, yet the nobility of her courage prevailed over it. Sidney. They thought it great their sovereign to control, And named their pride, nobility of soul. Dryden.
  2. Antiquity of flintily; descent from noble ancestors; distinction by blood, usually joined with riches. When I took up Boccace unawares, I fell on the same argument of preferring virtue to nobility of blood and titles, in the story of Sigismunda. Dryden.
  3. The qualities which constitute distinction of rank in civil society, according to the customs or laws of the country; that eminence or dignity which a man derives from birth or title conferred, and which places him in an order above common men. In Great Britain, nobility is extended to five ranks, those of duke, marquis, earl, viscount and baron.
  4. The persons collectively who enjoy rank above commoners; the peerage as, the English nobility; French, German, Russian nobility.

NO'BLE, a. [Fr. and Sp. noble; Port. nobre; It. nobile; L. nobilis, from nosco, novi, to know.]

  1. Great; elevated; dignified; being above every thing that can dishonor reputation; as, a noble mind; a noble courage; noble deeds of valor. Milton.
  2. Exalted; elevated; sublime. Statues with winding ivy crown'd, belong / To nobler poets for a nobler song. Dryden.
  3. Magnificent; stately; splendid; as, a noble parade; a noble edifice.
  4. Of an ancient and splendid family; as, noble by descent.
  5. Distinguished from commoners by rank and title; as, a noble personage.
  6. Free; generous; liberal; as, a noble heart.
  7. Principal; capital; as, the noble parts of the body. Johnson.
  8. Ingenuous; candid; of an excellent disposition; ready to receive truth. Acts xvii.
  9. Of the best kind; choice; excellent; as, a noble vine. Jer. ii.

NO'BLE, n.

  1. A person of rank above a commoner; a nobleman; a peer; as, a duke, marquis, earl, viscount or baron.
  2. In Scripture, a person of honorable family or distinguished by station. Exod. xxiv. Neh. vi.
  3. Originally a gold coin, but now a money of account, value 6s. 8d. sterling, or $1 48 cts. Camden.


A noble; a peer; one who enjoys rank; virtue above a commoner, either by virtue of birth, by office or patent. Dryden.