Dictionary: NAT'U-RAL-IZE – NAU'SE-A-TED

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NAT'U-RAL-IZE, v.t. [from natural, nature.]

  1. To confer on an alien the rights and privileges of a native subject or citizen; to adopt foreigners into a nation or state, and place them in the condition of natural born subjects.
  2. To make natural; to render easy and familiar by custom and habit; as, custom naturalizes labor or study. South.
  3. To adapt; to make suitable; to acclimate; as, to naturalize one to a climate.
  4. To receive or adopt as native, natural or vernacular; to make our own; as, to naturalize foreign words.
  5. To accustom; to habituate; as, to naturalize the vine to a cold climate. Gibbon.


Invested with the privileges of natives; rendered easy and familiar; adapted to a climate; acclimated; received as native.


Vesting with the rights of native subjects; making easy; acclimating; adopting.

NAT'U-RAL-LY, adv.

  1. According to nature; by the force or impulse of nature; not by art or habit. We are naturally prone to evil.
  2. According to nature; without affectation; with just representation; according to life.
  3. According to the usual course of things; as, the effect or consequence naturally follows.
  4. Spontaneously; without art or cultivation. Every plant must have grown naturally in some place or other.


  1. The state of being given or produced by nature; as, the naturalness of desire. South.
  2. Conformity to nature, or to truth and reality; not affectation; as, the naturalness of the eyebrows. Dryden.

NAT'U-RALS, n. [plur.]

Among physicians, whatever belongs naturally to an animal; opposed to non-naturals. [It may perhaps be sometimes used in the singular.]

NA'TURE, n. [Fr. id.; L. Sp. and It. natura; from natus, born, produced, from nascor.]

  1. In a general sense, whatever is made or produced; a word that comprehends all the works of God; the universe. Of a phenix we say, there is no such thing in nature. And look through nature up to nature's God. Pope.
  2. By a metonymy of the effect for the cause, nature is used for the agent, creator, author, producer of things, or for the powers that produce them. By the expression, “trees and fossils are produced by nature,” we mean, they are formed or produced by certain inherent powers in matter, or we mean that they are produced by God, the Creator, the Author of whatever is made or produced. The opinion that things are produced by inherent powers of matter, independent of a supreme intelligent Author, is atheism. But generally men mean by nature, thus used, the Author of created things, or the operation of his power.
  3. The essence, essential qualities or attributes of a thing, which constitute it what it is; as, the nature of the soul; the nature of blood; the nature of a fluid; the nature of plants, or of a metal; the nature of a circle or an angle. When we speak of the nature of man, we understand the peculiar constitution of his body or mind, or the qualities of the species which distinguish him from other animals. When we speak of the nature of a man, or an individual of the race, we mean his particular qualities or constitution; either the peculiar temperament of his body, or the affections of his mind, his natural appetites, passions, disposition or temper. So of irrational animals.
  4. The established or regular course of things; as when we say, an event is not according to nature, or it is out of the order of nature. Boyle.
  5. A law or principle of action or motion in a natural body. A stone by nature falls, or inclines to fall. Boyle.
  6. Constitution; aggregate powers of a body, especially a living one. We say, nature is strong or weak; nature is almost exhausted. Boyle.
  7. The constitution and appearances of things. The works, whether of poets, painters, moralists or historians, which are built upon general nature, live forever. Reynolds.
  8. Natural affection or reverence. Have we not seen / The murdering son ascend his parent's bed, / Through violated nature force his way? Pope.
  9. System of created things. He binding nature fast in fate, / Left conscience free and will. Pope.
  10. Sort; species; kind; particular character. A dispute of this nature caused mischief to a king and archbishop. Dryden.
  11. Sentiments or images conformed to nature, or to truth and reality. Only nature can please those tastes which are unprejudiced and refined. Addison.
  12. Birth. No man is noble by nature.

NA'TURE, v.t.

To endow with natural qualities. [Not in use.] Gower.


One who ascribes every thing to nature. Boyle.


The quality or state of being produced by nature. [A very bad word and not used.] Brown.

NAU'FRAGE, n. [L. naufragium; navis, a ship, and frango, to break. See Wreck, which is from the same root, break, L. fractus.]

Shipwreck. [Not in use.] Brown.


Causing shipwreck. [Little used.] Taylor.

NAUGHT, a. [naut.]

Bad; worthless; of no value or account. Things naught and things indifferent. Hooker. It is naught, it is naught, says the buyer. Prov. xx.

NAUGHT, adv. [naut.]

In no degree. To wealth or sovereign power he naught applied. Fairfax.

NAUGHT, n. [naut; Sax. naht, nauht, compounded of ne and aught or wiht, a creature, wight; Goth. niwaiht. Waiht coincides with wight, L. quid, quod. See Aught. This word should not be written nought.]

Nothing. Doth Job serve God for naught? Job i. Thou sellest thy people for naught. Ps. xliv. To set at naught, to slight, disregard or despise. Ye have set at naught all my counsel. Prov. i.

NAUGHT'I-LY, adv. [naut'ily.]

Wickedly; corruptly.

NAUGHT'I-NESS, n. [naut'iness.]

  1. Badness; wickedness; evil principle or purpose. I know thy pride and the naughtiness of thy heart. I Sam. xvii.
  2. Slight wickedness of children; perverseness; mischievousness. Dryden. Shak. Sidney.

NAUGHT'Y, a. [naut'y.]

  1. Wicked; corrupt. A naughty person, a wicked man, walketh with a froward mouth. Prov. vi.
  2. Bad; worthless. The other basket had very naughty figs. Jer. xxiv.
  3. Mischievous; perverse; froward; as, a naughty child. It is now seldom used except in the latter sense, as applied to children.

NAUL'AGE, n. [L. naulum.]

The freight of passengers in a ship. [Little used.]

NAU'MA-CHY, n. [L. naumachia; Gr. ναυμαχια; ναυς, a ship, and μαχη, fight.]

  1. Among the ancient Romans, a show or spectacle representing a sea-fight.
  2. The place where these shows were exhibited. Encyc.

NAUS'CO-PY, n. [Gr. ναυς, a ship, and σκοπεω, to view.]

The art of discovering the approach of ships or the vicinity of land at a distance. Maty.

NAU'SEA, n. [naushea; L. from Gr. ναυσια, from ναυς, a ship.]

Originally and properly, sea-sickness; hence any similar sickness of the stomach, accompanied with a propensity to vomit; qualm; lothing; squeamishness of the stomach.

NAU'SE-ATE, v.i. [L. nauseo.]

To become squeamish; to feel disgust; to be inclined to reject from the stomach.

NAU'SE-ATE, v.t.

  1. To lothe; to reject with disgust. The patient nauseates and lothes wholesome foods. Blackmore. Old age, with silent pace, comes creeping on, / Nauseates the praise which in her youth she won. Dryden.
  2. To affect with disgust. Swift.


Rejected with disgust.