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FRIEND, v.t. [frend.]

To favor; to countenance; to befriend; to support or aid. [But we now use befriend.] Shak.

FRIEND'ED, pp. [frend'ed.]

  1. Favored; befriended.
  2. adj. Inclined to love; well disposed. Shak.

FRIEND'ING, ppr. [frend'ing.]


FRIEND'LESS, a. [frend'less.]

Destitute of friends; wanting countenance or support; forlorn. Pope.

FRIEND'LIKE, a. [frend'like.]

Having the dispositions of a friend.

FRIEND'LI-NESS, n. [frend'liness.]

  1. A disposition to friendship; friendly dispositions. Sydney.
  2. Exertion of benevolence or kindness. Taylor.

FRIEND'LY, a. [frend'ly.]

  1. Having the temper and disposition of a friend; kind; favorable; disposed to promote the good of another. Thou to mankind / Be good and friendly still, and oft return. Milton.
  2. Disposed to peace. Pope.
  3. Amicable. We are on friendly terms.
  4. Not hostile; as, a friendly power or state.
  5. Favorable; propitious; salutary; promoting the good of; as, a friendly breeze or gale. Excessive rains are not friendly to the ripening fruits. Temperance is friendly to longevity.

FRIEND'LY, adv. [frend'ly.]

In the manner of friends; amicably. [Not much used.] Shak.

FRIEND'SHIP, n. [frend'ship.]

  1. An attachment to a person, proceeding from intimate acquaintance, and a reciprocation of kind offices, or from a favorable opinion of the amiable and respectable qualities of his mind. Friendship differs from benevolence, which is good will to mankind in general, and from that love which springs from animal appetite. True friendship is a noble and virtuous attachment, springing from a pure source, a respect for worth or amiable qualities. False friendship may subsist between bad men, as between thieves and pirates. This is a temporary attachment springing from interest, and may change in a moment to enmity and rancor. There can be no friendship without confidence, and no confidence without integrity. Rambler. There is little friendship in the world. Bacon. The first law of friendship is sincerity. Anon.
  2. Mutual attachment; intimacy. If not in friendship, live at least in peace. Dryden.
  3. Favor; personal kindness. His friendships, still to few confined, / Were always of the middling kind. Swift.
  4. Friendly aid; help; assistance. Shak.
  5. Conformity; affinity; correspondence; aptness to unite. We know those colors which have a friendship for each other. Dryden. [Not common, and hardly legitimate.]

FRIEZE, or FRIZE, n. [freez; Sp. frisa, frieze; frisar, to raise a nap on cloth, to frizzle; Fr. friser, to curl or crisp, to shiver, to ruffle; Port. frisar; Arm. frisa. Qu. Sp. rizar, to crisp or curl, to frizzle; Gr. φρισσω, to shiver or tremble with fear, whose elements are Frg or Frk, as appears by φριξω, φρικτος, φριξ. If frieze, in architecture, is the same word, which scems to be the fact, we have evidence that the elements are Frg, for in Italian, frieze is fregio. The primary sense is probably to draw or contract.]

  1. Properly, the nap on woolen cloth; hence, a kind of coarse woolen cloth or stuff, with a nap on one side.
  2. In architecture, that part of the entablature of a column which is between the architrave and cornice. It is a flat member or face, usually enriched with figures of animals or other ornaments of sculpture, whence its name. Cornice or frieze with bossy sculptures graven. Milton.


Napped; shaggy with nap or frieze.


Resembling frieze. Addison.

FRIG'ATE, n. [Fr. fregate; It. fregata; Sp. and Port. fragata; Turkish, forgota; perhaps Gr. αφρακτος, L. aphractum, an open ship or vessel, for in Portuguese it signifies a boat as well as a frigate. The Greek word αφρακτος signifies not fortified; a and φρασσω. It was originally a vessel without decks used by the Rhodians. The frigate was originally a kind of vessel used in the Mediterranean, and propelled both by sails and by oars. Lunier.]

  1. A ship of war, of a size larger than a sloop or brig, and less than a ship of the line; usually having two decks and carrying from thirty to forty four guns. But ships mounting a less number than thirty guns are sometimes called frigates; as are ships carrying a larger number.
  2. Any small vessel on the water. [Not used.] Spenser.


The Tachypetes Aquila, a marine fowl resembling an eagle.


Having a quarter deck and forecastle raised above the main deck.


A Venetian vessel with a square stern without a foremast, having only a mainmast and mizzenmast. Encyc.

FRIG-E-FAC'TION, n. [L. frigus, cold, and facio, to make.]

The act of making cold. [Little used.] Dict.

FRIGHT, n. [frīte; Dan. frygt; Sw. fruchtan; Sax. fyrhto, fyrhtu, fyrhtnis, fright, and firhted, frighted, frihtan, to frighten; G. furcht, fürchten; D. vrugten, to fear; Fr. effrayer. Qu. Gr. φρισσω, φριξω, to fear, that is, to shrink or shiver. But fright, or the Sax. fyrhto, is precisely the Ethiopic participle ፋርት ferht, from ፈርሀ ferah, to fear, which seems to be allied to L. vereor. Class Br, No. 33.]

Sudden and violent fear; terror; a passion excited by the sudden appearance of danger. It expresses more than fear, and is distinguished from fear and dread, by its sudden invasion and temporary existence; fright being usually of short duration, whereas fear and dread may be long continued.


To terrify; to scare; to alarm suddenly with danger; to shock suddenly with the approach of evil; to daunt; to dismay. Nor exile or danger can fright a brave spirit. Dryden.


Terrified; suddenly alarmed with danger.


Terrifying; suddenly alarming with danger.


Terrible; dreadful; exciting alarm; impressing terror; as, a frightful chasm or precipice; a frightful tempest.


  1. Terribly; dreadfully; in a manner to impress terror and alarm; horribly.
  2. Very disagreeably; shockingly. She looks frightfully to-day.


The quality of impressing terror.


Free from fright.