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BRO'KEN-HEART-ED, a. [break and heart.]

Having the spirits depressed or crushed by grief or despair.

BRO'KEN-LY, adv.

In a broken interrupted manner; without a regular series. – Hakewill.


  1. A state of being broken; unevenness.
  2. Contrition; as, brokenness of heart.

BRO'KEN-WIND, n. [break and wind.]

A disease in horses, often accompanied with a preternatural enlargement of the lungs and heart, which disables them from bearing fatigue. – Encyc.


Having short breath, as a horse.

BRO'KER, n. [from Broke.]

  1. An agent or negotiator, who is employed by merchants to make and conclude bargains for them, for a fee or rate per cent, or who transacts other business for his employers. Brokers are of several kinds. #1. Exchange-brokers, who make and conclude bargains for others in matters of money or merchandise, learn the rate of exchange and notify their employers. #2. Stock-brokers, who are employed to buy and sell shares in the stocks, whether of the public funds, of banks, or of other corporations. #3. Pawn-brokers, who make it their business to lend money upon pawns, that is, property deposited in pledge. #4. Insurance-brokers, whose business is to procure the insurance of vessels at sea or bound on a voyage. In the United States, the business of a stock-broker and an insurance-broker is often or generally carried on by the same person.
  2. One who deals in old household goods. – Johnson.
  3. A pimp or procurer. – Shak. Johnson. [In the two latter senses, the word, I believe, is never used in America, unless in cant language.]


The fee, reward or commission given or charged for transacting business as a broker. – Anderson's Comm.


Mean; servile. – Jonson.


The business of a broker. [Not used.] – Hall.

BRO'KING, ppr.

Transacting business as a broker; practiced by brokers. – Shak.

BROME, n. [Gr. βρωμος, fœtor.]

A liquid of a deep red-brown color, very volatile, and having an ill smell, obtained from the mother-water of salt-works, and from the lixivia of the ashes of sea plants, by treating these solutions with chlorine. It has three times the density of water. – Journ. of Science.


A plant, the Bromus. – Muhlenberg.

BRO'MINE, n. [Gr. βρωμος, fetid.]

An elementary acidifying and basifying substance, found in sea-water and marine productions. It is a deep-red fluid, whose smell is very offensive. – Prout.

BRONCH'I-AL, a. [Gr. βρογχος, the wind-pipe.]

Belonging to the bronchia, or ramifications of the wind-pipe in the lungs. The bronchial arteries, are branches of the superior descending aorta accompanying the bronchia, or branches of the trachea. Bronchial glands, glands at the division of the bronchia. – Quincy. Coxe.


The same as Bronchial.


An inflammation of some part of the bronchial membrane.

BRON-CHO-CELE', n. [Gr. βρογχος, the wind-pipe, and κηλη, a tumor.]

An enlarged thyroid gland; a tumor on the fore part of the neck, called goiter; the Derbyshire neck. – Quincy. Coxe.

BRON-CHOPH'O-NY, n. [Gr. βρογχος, and φωνη, voice.]

In medicine, a loud, clear, thrilling sound, seeming as if close to the ear of the hearer, or as if the patient spoke through his ribs. – Hall.

BRON-CHOT'O-MY, n. [Gr. βρογχος, the wind-pipe, and τομη, a cutting.]

An incision into the wind-pipe or larynx, between the rings; called also Tracheotomy. – Quincy. Coxe.

BRON'CHUS, n. [Gr.]

The wind-pipe.


A sword. [See Brand.]

BRON-TOL'O-GY, n. [Gr. βροντη, thunder, and λογος, discourse.]

A discourse or dissertation upon thunder, containing explanation of its causes and phenomena. – Encyc.

BRONZ, or BRONZE, n. [Fr. bronze; Arm. bronçz; It. bronzo; Sp. bronce. In Ital. bronzino is sun-burnt. It may take its name from its color, from burn, brown.]

  1. A compound of copper and tin, to which other metallic substances are sometimes added, especially zink. It is brittle, hard, and sonorous, and used for statues, bells and cannon, the proportions of the respective ingredients being varied to suit the particular purposes. – Nicholson. Encyc.
  2. A color prepared for the purpose of imitating bronze, of two kinds, the yellow and the red. The yellow is made of fine copper-dust; the red, of copper-dust with a little pulverized red ocher.vEncyc.
  3. Among antiquaries, any figure of men, beasts, urns or other piece of sculpture, which the ancients made of bronze. – Encyc.
  4. Any statue or bust cast of bronze, whether original or a copy of an antique. – Encyc.
  5. Among medalists, any copper medal. – Encyc.

BRONZE, v.t.

  1. To imitate bronze, by means of copper-dust or leaf fastened on the outside, as gold-leaf is in gilding. – Encyc.
  2. To harden, or make like brass.
  3. To make of the color of bronze.


The act or art of imitating bronze, by means of copper-dust or leaf. – Encyc.