Dictionary: BUCK'THORN – BUFF

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BUCK'THORN, n. [buck and thorn.]

The popular name of a genus of plants, called Rhamnus, of many species. The common purging buckthorn grows to the hight of 12 or 14 feet, and bears a black berry, which, when green, is used to dye yellow, and when ripe, green. The bark also dies yellow. Sea Buckthorn is the popular name of a genus of plants, called Hippophae. – Encyc. Fam. of Plants.

BUCK'WHEAT, n. [D. boek-weit; Ger. buchweitzen.]

A plant and a species of grain; called also Brank. It belongs to the genus Polygonum, or knot-grass. It is cultivated as food for beasts, and the flour is much used in America for breakfast cakes.

BU-COL'IC, a. [Gr. βουκολος, a herdsman; βουπολικος, pastoral; L. buculus, an ox; bucolicus, pertaining to cattle, pastoral; W. and Corn. bugail or bygel; Ir. buachail, a shepherd. See Bovine.]

Pastoral; relating to country affairs and to a shepherd's life and occupation. – Johnson.


  1. A pastoral poem, representing rural affairs, and the life, manners, and occupation of shepherds; as, the bucolics of Theocritus and Virgil. – Dryden. Encyc.
  2. A writer of pastorals. – Warton.

BUD, n. [D. bot; Fr. bouton; It. bottone, a bud or button; Ir. abaidh, a bud; Sp. boton; Arm. bouton, literally a push; Sp. botar, to push or thrust, to vow; Gr. φυτον; φυω, to plant or beget, contracted from φυτω; Ch. נבט; Ar. نَبَتَ nabata; allied to pout, Fr. bouder. See class Bd, No. 34.]

A gem; the shoot of a plant; a small protuberance on the stem or branches of a plant, containing the rudiments of future leaves, or a flower. It is called by botanists the hybernacle, the winter lodge or receptacle of the leaves or flower of plants, and is an epitome of a flower, or of a shoot, which is to be unfolded the succeeding summer. It is covered with scales, which are intended to defend the inclosed rudiments from cold and other external injuries. Buds are of three kinds; that containing the flower; that containing the leaves; and that containing both flower and leaves. – Milne. Martyn. Bud, answering to L. gemma, is the scaly covering of the rudiment of the future plant on all trees and shrubs in northern latitudes. This is not found on plants in the tropical climates. – De Candolle.

BUD, v.i.

  1. To put forth or produce buds or gems. – Job xiv. 9.
  2. To put forth shoots; to grow as a bud into a flower or shoot. – Dryden.
  3. To begin to grow, or to issue from a stock in the manner of a bud, as a horn. – Dryden.
  4. To be in bloom, or growing like a young plant. – Shak.

BUD, v.t.

To inoculate a plant; to insert the bud of a plant under the bark of another tree, for the purpose of raising, upon any stock, a species of fruit different from that of the stock.

BUD'DED, pp.

Put forth in buds; inoculated.

BUD'DHA, n. [See BOODH.]


The doctrines of the Buddhists in Asia. [See Boodh.]

BUD'DING, ppr.

Putting forth buds; inoculating.


State of budding.


In mining, a large square frame of boards, used in washing tin ore. – Ash. Encyc.

BUD'DLE, v.i.

Among miners, to wash ore. – Bailey. Ash.


  1. Brisk; jocund. – Bailey.
  2. Surly; stiff; formal. [Obs.] – Johnson.


The dressed skin or fur of lambs. – Bailey.

BUDGE, v.t. [Fr. and Norm. bouger, to stir or wag.]

To move off; to stir; to wag. In America, wag is much used as equivalent to budge; but the use of both words is vulgar. – Shak.


A company of men clothed in long gowns lined with lamb's fur, who accompany the Lord Mayor of London at his inauguration. – Bailey. Ash.


A small barrel with only one head; on the other end, a piece of leather is nailed, which is drawn together upon strings like a purse. It is used for carrying powder, with a gun or mortar. – Encyc.


Sternness; severity. [Not used.]


One who moves or stirs from his place. – Shak.

BUDG'ET, n. [Fr. bougette; Arm. bougeden; Norm. bouge; perhaps from the root of bag.]

  1. A bag; a little sack, with its contents. Hence, a stock or store; as, a budget of inventions. – L'Estrange.
  2. The papers respecting the finances of the British nation. To open the budget, to lay before a legislative body the papers of the Executive Government. – Price.

BUDG'Y, a.

Consisting of fur. [Not used.]

BUD'LET, n. [from bud.]

A little bud springing from a parent bud. We have a criterion to distinguish one bud from another, or the parent bud from the numerous budlets which are its offspring. – Darwin.

BUFF, n. [contracted from buffalo, or buff-skin.]

  1. Buff-skin; a sort of leather, prepared from the skin of the buffalo, dressed with oil like shammy. It is used for making bandoliers, belts, pouches, gloves, and other articles. The skins of oxen, elks, and other animals, dressed in like manner, are also called buffs. – Encyc.
  2. A military coat made of buff-skin or similar leather. – Shak.
  3. The color of buff; a light yellow.
  4. A yellow viscid substance formed on the surface of blood drawn in inflammatory diseases. – Parr.