Dictionary: LIEU – LIFE'-PRE-SERV-ER

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LIEU, n. [Fr. from the root of L. locus, Eng. ley or lea. See Ley.]

Place; room; stead. It is used only with in. Let me have gold in lieu of silver. In lieu of fashionable honor, let justice be substituted.

LIEU-TEN'AN-CY, n. [luten'ancy. See Lieutenant.]

  1. The office or commission of a lieutenant. – Shak.
  2. The body of lieutenants. – Felton.

LIEU-TEN'ANT, n. [luten'ant; Fr.; composed of lieu, place, and tenant, L. tenens, holding.]

  1. An officer who supplies the place of a superior in his absence. Officers of this kind are civil, as the lord-lieutenant of a kingdom or county; or military, as a lieutenant-general, a lieutenant-colonel.
  2. In military affairs, the second commissioned officer in a company of infantry, cavalry or artillery.
  3. In ships of war, the officer next in rank to the captain.


LIEVE, n. [for lief, is vulgar. See LIEF.]


A mineral, called also yenite, – which see.

LIFE, n. [plur. Lives; Sax. lif, lyf; Sw. lif; Dan. liv; G. leben; D. leeven. See Live.]

  1. In a general sense, that state of animals and plants or of an organized being, in which its natural functions and motions are performed, or in which its organs are capable of performing their functions. A tree is not destitute of life in winter, when the functions of its organs are suspended; nor man during a swoon or syncope; nor strictly birds, quadrupeds or serpents during their torpitude in winter. They are not strictly dead, till the functions of their organs are incapable of being renewed.
  2. In animals, animation; vitality; and in man, that state of being in which the soul and body are united. He entreated me not to take his life. – Broome.
  3. In plants, the state in which they grow or are capable of growth, by means of the circulation of the sap. The life of an oak may be two, three, or four hundred years.
  4. The present state of existence; the time from birth to death. The life of man seldom exceeds seventy years. If in this life only we have hope in Christ, we are of all men most miserable. 1 Cor. xv.
  5. Manner of living; conduct; deportment, in regard to morals. I will teach my family to lead good lives. – Mrs. Barker.
  6. Condition; course of living, in regard to happiness and misery. We say, a man's life has been a series of prosperity or misfortune.
  7. Blood, the supposed vehicle of animation. And the warm life came issuing through the wounds. – Pope.
  8. Animals in general; animal being. Full nature swarms with life. – Thomson.
  9. System of animal nature. Lives through all life. – Pope.
  10. Spirit; animation; briskness; vivacity; resolution. They have no notion of life and fire in fancy and words. – Felton.
  11. The living form; real person or state; in opposition to a copy; as, a picture is taken from the life; a description from the life.
  12. Exact resemblance; with to, before life. His portrait is drawn to the life.
  13. General state of man, or of social manners; as, the studies and arts that polish life.
  14. Condition; rank in society; as, high life and low life.
  15. Common occurrences; course of things; human affairs. But to know / That which before us lies in life, / Is the prime wisdom. – Milton.
  16. A person; a living being, usually or always, a human being. How many lives were sacrificed during the revolution!
  17. Narrative of a past life; history of the events of life; biographical narration. Johnson wrote the life of Milton and the lives of other poets.
  18. In Scripture, nourishment; support of life. For the tree of the field is man's life. Deut. xx.
  19. The stomach or appetite. His life abhorreth bread. Job xxxiii.
  20. The enjoyments or blessings of the present life. Having the promise of the life that now is, and of that which is to come. 1 Tim. iv.
  21. Supreme felicity. To be spiritually minded is life and peace. Rom. viii.
  22. Eternal happiness in heaven. Rom. v.
  23. Restoration to life. Rom v.
  24. The author and giver of supreme felicity. I am the way, the truth, and the life. John xiv.
  25. A quickening, animating and strengthening principle, in a moral sense. John vi.
  26. Life of an execution, the period when an execution is in force, or before it expires.


Necessary as blood to life; essential.


  1. The blood necessary to life; vital blood. – Dryden.
  2. That which constitutes or gives strength and energy. Money, the life-blood of the nation. – Swift.


A boat constructed for preserving lives in cases of shipwreck or other destruction of a ship or steamer.


Wasting life.


The devotedness of life. – Carlisle.


Putting an end to life.


An estate that continues during the life of the possessor.


A plant of the genus Gnaphalium.


Giving life or spirit.


Having power to give life; inspiriting; invigorating. – Spenser. Milton.


A guard of the life or person; a guard that attends the person of a prince, or other person.


  1. Dead; deprived of life; as, a lifeless body.
  2. Destitute of life; unanimated; as, lifeless matter.
  3. Destitute of power, force, rigor, or spirit; dull; heavy; inactive.
  4. Void of spirit; vapid; as liquor.
  5. Torpid.
  6. Wanting physical energy.


Without vigor; dully; heavily; frigidly.


Destitution of life, vigor and spirit; inactivity.


Like a living person. – Pope.


Duration of life.


Supporting life.


An apparatus for preserving lives of persons in cases of shipwreck, or other destruction of a ship or steamer.