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  1. Solitude; retirement; seclusion from company. He was weary of the loneliness of his habitation.
  2. Love of retirement; disposition to solitude. I see / The mystery of your loneliness. – Shak.


  1. Solitary; retired; sequestered from company or neighbors; as, a lonely situation; a lonely cell. – Dryden.
  2. Solitary; as, the lonely traveler.
  3. Addicted to solitude or seclusion from company. – Rowe.


Solitude; seclusion. – Donne.


Solitary; secluded from society. How horrid will these lonesome seats appear! – Blackmore.


In a lonesome manner.


The state of being solitary; solitude.

LONG, a. [Sax. long, lang, and leng; G. lange; D. and Dan. lang; Sw. lång; Goth. laggs; L. longus; It. lungo; Fr. long. The Gothic word seems to connect this word with lag, in the sense of drawing out, whence delaying.]

  1. Extended; drawn out in a line, or in the direction of length; opposed to short, and contradistinguished from broad or wide. Long is a relative term; for a thing may be long in respect to one thing, and short with respect to another. We apply long to things greatly extended, and to things which exceed the common measure. We say, a long way, a long distance, a long line, and long hair, long arms. By the latter terms, we mean hair and arms exceeding the usual length.
  2. Drawn out or extended in time; as, a long time; a long period of time; a long while; a long series of events; a long sickness or confinement; a long session; a long debate.
  3. Extended to any certain measure expressed; as, a span long; a yard long; a mile long, that is, extended to the measure of a mile, &c.
  4. Dilatory; continuing for an extended time. Death will not be long in coming. – Ecclus.
  5. Tedious; continued to a great length. A tale should never be too long. – Prior.
  6. Continued in a series to a great extent; as, a long succession of princes; a long line of ancestors.
  7. Continued in sound; protracted; as, a long note; a long syllable.
  8. Continued; lingering or longing. Praying for him, and casting a long look that way, he saw the galley leave the pursuit. – Sidney.
  9. Extensive; extending far in prospect or into futurity. The perennial existence of bodies corporate and their fortunes, are things particularly suited to a man who has long views. – Burke. Long home, the grave or death. Eccles. xii.

LONG, adv. [Sax. gelang, cause or fault. Qu. belonging to, as the cause.]

By means of; by the fault of; owing to. [Obs.] Mistress, all this evil is long of you. – Shak.

LONG, adv.

  1. To a great extent in space; as, a long extended line.
  2. To a great extent in time; as, they that tarry long at the wine. Prov. xxiii. When the trumpet soundeth long. Exod. xix. So in composition we say, long-expected, long-forgot.
  3. At a point of duration far distant, either prior or posterior; as, not long before; not long after; long before the foundation of Rome; long after the conquest of Gaul by Julius Cesar.
  4. Through the whole extent or duration of. The God who fed me all my life long to this day. Gen. xlviii. The bird of dawning singeth all night long. – Spenser.

LONG, n.

Formerly, a musical note equal to two breves. [Obs.]

LONG, v.i. [Sax. langian, with æfter. We now say, to long after, or to long for. The sense is to reach or stretch toward.]

  1. To desire earnestly or eagerly. I long to see you. Rom. i. I have longed after thy precepts. Ps. cxix. I have longed for thy salvation. Ps. cxix.
  2. To have a preternatural craving appetite; as, a longing woman.
  3. To have an eager appetite; as, to long for fruit.

LONG, v.t.

To belong. [Not used.] Chaucer.

LON-GA-NIM'I-TY, n. [L. longanimitas; longus, long, and animus, mind.]

Forbearance; patience; disposition to endure long under offenses. – Brown. Howell.


Furnished with long arms. – Scott.


The largest and strongest boat belonging to a ship. – Mar. Dict.


Having been long buried.


Having been long concealed.


Enduring or continuing a long time. – Allen.


Delayed a long time. – E. Everett.


A thrust. [See Lunge.]

LON'GER, a. [comp. of long.]

More long; of greater length; as, a longer course.

LON'GER, adv.

For a greater duration. This evil can be endured no longer.


Of the greatest extent; as, the longest line.

LON'GEST, adv.

For the greatest continuance of time. They who live longest, are most convinced of the vanity of life.


Having been long established.