Dictionary: LOR'I-PED – LOTHE

a | b | c | d | e | f | g | h | i | j | k | l | m | n | o | p | q | r | s | t | u | v | w | x | y | z |



A molluscan animal furnished with a short, double tube.

LO'RIS, n.

The popular name of several species of Lemur, which inhabit Ceylon and Java. They are quadrumanous mammals, having a near affinity to the monkeys.

LORN, a. [Sax. forloren, Dan. forloren, lost. See Forlorn.]

Lost; forsaken; lonely. – Spenser.

LO'RY, n.

A subordinate genus of fowls of the parrot kind, forming the link between the parrot and paroquet. – Dict. Nat. Hist.


That may be lost. [Rarely used.] – Boyle.


LOSE, v.i. [loos.]

  1. To forfeit any thing in contest; not to win. We'll talk with them too, / Who loses and who wins; who's in, who's out. – Shak.
  2. To decline; to fail. Wisdom in discourse with her / Loses discountenanced, and like folly shows. – Milton.

LOSE, v.t. [looz; pret. and pp. lost. Sax. losian, forlosian, forlysan; D. verliezen; Goth. liusan. The sense is probably to part, to separate, and from the root of loose.]

  1. To mislay; to part or be separated from a thing, so as to have no knowledge of the place where it is; as, to lose a book or a paper; to lose a record; to lose a dollar or a ducat.
  2. To forfeit by unsuccessful contest; as, to lose money in gaming.
  3. Not to gain or win; as, to lose a battle, that is, to be defeated.
  4. To be deprived of; as, to lose men in battle; to lose an arm or a leg by a shot or by amputation; to lose one's life or honor.
  5. To forfeit, as a penalty. Our first parents lost the favor of God by their apostasy.
  6. To suffer diminution or waste of. If the salt hath lose its savor, wherewith shell it be salted? – Matth. v.
  7. To ruin; to destroy. The woman that deliberates is lost. – Addison.
  8. To wander from; to miss, so as not to be able to find; as, to lose the way.
  9. To bewilder. Lose in the maze of words. – Pope.
  10. To possess do longer; to be deprived of; contrary to, keep; as, to lose a valuable trade.
  11. Not to employ or enjoy; to waste. Titus sighed to lose a day. Th' unhappy have but hours, and these they lose. – Dryden.
  12. To waste; to squander; to throw away; as, to lose a fortune by gaming, or by dissipation.
  13. To suffer to vanish from view or perception. We lost sight of the land at noon. I lost my companion in the crowd. Like following life in creatures we dissect, / We lose it in the moment we detect. – Pope.
  14. To ruin; to destroy by shipwreck, &c. The Albion was lost on the coast of Ireland, April 22, 1822. The admiral lost three ships in a tempest.
  15. To cause to perish; as, to be lost at sea.
  16. To employ ineffectually; to throw away; to waste. Instruction is often lost on the dull; admonition is last on the profligate. It is often the fate of projectors to lose their labor.
  17. To be freed from. His scaly back the bunch has got / Which Edwin lost before. – Parnell.
  18. To fail to obtain. He shalt in no wise lose his reward. Matth. i. To lose one's self, to be bewildered; also, to slumber; to have the memory and reason suspended.

LOS'EL, a.

Wasteful; slothful. – Irving.

LOS'EL, n. [s as z. From the root of loose.]

A wasteful fellow; one who loses by sloth or neglect; a worthless person. [Obs.] – Spenser.

LOS'EN-GER, n. [Sax. leas, false; leasunge, falsity.]

A deceiver. [Obs.] Chaucer.

LOS'ER, n. [looz'er.]

One that loses, or that is deprived of any thing by defeat, forfeiture or the like; the contrary to winner or gainer. A loser by trade may be honest and moral; this can not be said of a loser by gaming.


That incurs or brings loss; as, a losing game or business.

LOS'ING, ppr. [loosing.]

Parting from; missing; forfeiting; wasting; employing to no good purpose.

LOS'ING-LY, adv.

In a manner to incur loss.

LOSS, n.

  1. Privation; as, the loss of property; the loss of money by gaming; loss of health or reputation. Every loss is not a detriment. We can not regret the loss of bad company or of evil habits.
  2. Destruction; ruin; as, the loss of a ship at sea; the loss of an army.
  3. Defeat; as, the loss of a battle.
  4. Waste; useless application; as, a loss of time or labor.
  5. Waste, by leakage or escape; as, a loss of liquors ill transportation. To bear a loss, to make good; to sustain a loss without sinking under it. To be at a loss, to be puzzled; to be unable to determine to be in a state of uncertainty.


Detrimental. [Not used.] – Bp. Hall.


Free from loss. [Not used.] – Milton.

LOST, pp. [from lose.]

  1. Mislaid or left in a place unknown or forgotten; that can not be found; as, a lost book.
  2. Ruined; destroyed; wasted or squandered; employed to no good purpose; as, lost money; lost time.
  3. Forfeited; as, a lost estate.
  4. Not able to find the right way, or the place intended. A stranger is lost in London or Paris.
  5. Bewildered; perplexed; being in a maze; as, a speaker may be lost in his argument.
  6. Alienated; insensible; hardened beyond sensibility or recovery; as, a profligate lost to shame; lost to all sense of honor.
  7. Not perceptible to the senses; nut visible; as, an Lib lost in a fog; a person lost in a crowd.
  8. Shipwrecked or foundered; sunk or destroyed; as, I ship hat at sea, or on the rocks.

LOT, n. [Sax. hlot, hlodd, hlet, hlyt; Goth. hlauts; D. and Fr. lot; Sw. lott; Dan. and Arm. lod; G. los; It. lotto; Sp. loteria, a lottery. The primary sense is that which comes falls or happens, or a part, a division, or share. The French from lot, have lotir, to divide; Arm. loda, id. whence lodecq, a co-heir.]

  1. That which, in human speech, is called chance, hazard fortune; but in strictness of language, is the determination of Providence; as, the land shall be divided by lot. – Num. xxvi.
  2. That by which the fate or portion of one is determined that by which au event is committed to chance, that is the determination of Providence; as, to cast lots; to draw lots. The lot is cast into the lap, but the whole disposing thereof is of the Lord. – Prov. xvi.
  3. The part, division or fate which falls to one by chance, that is, by divine determination. The second lot came forth to Simeon. – Josh. xix. He was but born to try / The lot of man, to falter and to die. – Pope.
  4. A distinct portion or parcel; as, a lot of goods; a lot of boards.
  5. Proportion or share of taxes; as, to pay scot and lot.
  6. In the United States, a piece or division of land; perhaps originally assigned by drawing lots, but now any portion, piece or division. So we say, a man has a lot of land in Broadway, or in the meadow; he has a lot in the plain, or on the mountain; he has a home-lot, a house-lot, a wood-lot. The defendants leased a house and lot in the city of New York. Kent. Franklin. Law of Penn. To cast lots, is to use or throw a die, or some other instrument, by the unforeseen turn or position of which, an event is by previous agreement determined. To draw lots, to determine an event by drawing one thing from a number whose marks are concealed from the drawer, and thus determining an event.

LOT, v.t.

To allot; to assign; to distribute; to sort; to catalogue; to portion. – Prior.

LOTE, n. [Gr. λωτος; L. lotus, lotos.]

  1. The modern popular name of several plants, more especially of the Zizyphus Lotus of Africa, which is three or four inches high, and produces a fruit about the size of a sloe, with a large stone, which grows on every part of the branches.
  2. A little fish.

LOTH, a. [Sax. lath, Sw. led, Dan. leede, odious, hated. The common orthography is loath, pronounced with o long but both the orthography and pronunciation are corrupt. This word follows the analogy of cloth, Sax. clath. I have followed Milton, Dryden, Waller, Spenser, and Shakspeare, in the orthography of the adjective, and Cruden in that of the verb. The primary sense is to thrust, to turn or drive away. See the verb, and Class Ld, No. 9, 15.]

  1. Literally, hating, detesting; hence,
  2. Unwilling; disliking; not inclined; reluctant. Long doth he stay, as loth to leave the land. – Davies. To pardon willing, and to punish loth. – Walter.

LOTHE, v.i.

To create disgust. [Obs.] – Spenser.

LOTHE, v.t. [Sax. lathian, to hate, to detest, to call, to invite; gelathian, to call; Goth. lathon, to call; Sw. ledas, to lothe; G. einladen, to invite, to lade or load, from laden, to lade, to invite, to cite or summon. See Lade.]

  1. To feel disgust at any thing; properly, to have an extreme aversion of the appetite to food or drink. Our soul lothe this light bread. Num. xxi. Lothing the honey'd cakes, I long'd for bread. – Cowley.
  2. To hate; to dislike greatly; to abhor. Ye shall lothe yourselves in your own sight for all your evils. Ezek xx. Not to reveal the secret which I lothe. – Walter. She lothes the vital air. – Dryden's Virg.