Dictionary: JU-DA'IC-AL-LY – JU-DI'CIAL

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JU-DA'IC-AL-LY, adv.

After the Jewish manner. – Milton.

JU'DA-ISM, n. [Fr. judaisme, from Judah, whence Jew.]

  1. The religious doctrines and rites of the Jews, as enjoined in the laws of Moses. Judaism was a temporary dispensation.
  2. Conformity to the Jewish rites and ceremonies. – Encyc.


A conforming to the Jewish religion or ritual. – Southey.

JU'DA-IZE, v.i. [Fr. judaiser, from Judah.]

To conform to the religious doctrines and rites of the Jews. They prevailed on the Galatians to judaize so far as to observe the rites of Moses in various instances. Milner.


One who conforms to the religion of the Jews. – Macknight.

JU'DA-IZ-ING, ppr.

Conforming to the doctrines and rites of the Jews.


A plant of the genus Cercis.


A small snipe, called also Jack-snipe.

JUDGE, n. [Fr. juge; Sp. juez; Port. juiz; It. giudice; L. judex, supposed to be compounded of jus, law or right, and dico, to pronounce. “Hinc judex, quod jus dicat accepta potestate.” Varro.]

  1. A civil officer who is invested with authority to hear and determine causes, civil or criminal, between parties, according to his commission; as, the judges of the king's bench, or of the common pleas; judges of the supreme court, of district courts, or of a county court. The judge of a court of equity is called a chancellor.
  2. The Supreme Being. Shall not the judge of all the earth do right? – Gen. xviii.
  3. One who presides in a court of judicature.
  4. One who has skill to decide on the merits of a question, or on the value of any thing; one who can discern truth and propriety. A man who is no judge of law, may be a good judge of poetry or eloquence, or of the merits of a painting. – Dryden.
  5. In the history of Israel, a chief magistrate, with civil and military powers. The Israelites were governed by judges more than three hundred years, and the history of their transactions is called the book of judges.
  6. A juryman or juror. In criminal suits, the jurors are judges of the law as well as of the fact.

JUDGE, v.i. [Fr. juger; L. judico; It. giudicare; Sp. juzgar.]

  1. To compare facts or ideas, and perceive their agreement or disagreement, and thus to distinguish truth from falsehood. Judge not according to the appearance. John vii.
  2. To form an opinion; to bring to issue the reasoning or deliberations of the mind. If I did not know the originals, I should not be able to judge, by the copies, which was Virgil and which Ovid. – Dryden.
  3. To hear and determine, as in causes on trial; to pass sentence. He was present on the bench, but could not judge in the case. The Lord judge between thee and me. – Gen. xvi.
  4. To discern; to distinguish; to consider accurately for the purpose of forming an opinion or conclusion. Judge in yourselves; is it comely that a woman pray to God uncovered? – 1 Cor. xi.

JUDGE, v.t.

  1. To hear and determine a case; to examine and decide. Chaos shall judge the strife. – Milton.
  2. To try; to examine and pass sentence on. Take ye him and judge him according to your law. – John xviii. God shall judge the righteous and the wicked. – Eccles. iii.
  3. Rightly to understand and discern. He that is spiritual, judgeth all things. – 1 Cor. ii.
  4. To censure rashly; to pass severe sentence. Judge not, that ye be not judged. – Matth. vii.
  5. To esteem; to think; to reckon. If ye have judged me to be faithful to the Lord. – Acts xvi.
  6. To rule or govern. The Lord shall judge his people. – Heb. x.
  7. To doom to punishment; to punish. I will judge thee according to thy ways. – Ezek. vii.

JUDG'ED, pp.

Heard and determined; tried judicially; sentenced; censured; doomed.


One who judges or passes sentence.

JUDGE-SHIP, n. [judj'ship.]

The office of a judge.

JUDG'ING, ppr.

Hearing and determining; forming an opinion; dooming.

JUDG'MENT, n. [Fr. jugement.]

  1. The act of judging; the act or process of the mind in comparing its ideas, to find their agreement or disagreement, and to ascertain truth; or the process of examining facts and arguments, to ascertain propriety and justice; or the process of examining the relations between one proposition and another. – Locke. Encyc. Johnson.
  2. The faculty of the mind by which man is enabled to compare ideas and ascertain the relations of terms and propositions; as, a man of clear judgment or sound judgment. The judgment may be biased by prejudice. Judgment supplies the want of certain knowledge.
  3. The determination of the mind, formed from comparing the relations of ideas, or the comparison of facts and arguments. In the formation of our judgments, we should be careful to weigh and compare all the facts connected with the subject.
  4. In law, the sentence or doom pronounced in any cause, civil or criminal, by the judge or court by which it is tried. Judgment may be rendered on demurrer, on a verdict, on a confession or default, or on a non-suit. Judgment, though pronounced by the judge or court, is properly the determination or sentence of the law. A pardon may be pleaded in arrest of judgment.
  5. The right or power of passing sentence.
  6. Determination; decision. Let reason govern us in the formation of our judgment of things proposed to our inquiry. – Anon.
  7. Opinion; notion. She, in my judgment, was as fair as you.
  8. In Scripture, the spirit of wisdom and prudence, enabling a person to discern right and wrong, good and evil. Give the king thy judgments, O God. – Ps. lxxii.
  9. A remarkable punishment; an extraordinary calamity inflicted by God on sinners. Judgments are prepared for scorners. – Prov. xix. Is. xxvi.
  10. The spiritual government of the world. The Father hath committed all judgment to the Son. – John v.
  11. The righteous statutes and commandments of God are called his judgments. – Ps. cxix.
  12. The doctrines of the gospel, or God's word. – Matth. xii.
  13. Justice and equity. – Luke xi. Is. i.
  14. The decrees and purposes of God concerning nations. – Rom. xi.
  15. A court or tribunal. – Matth. v.
  16. Controversies, or decisions of controversies. – 1 Cor. vi.
  17. The gospel, or kingdom of grace. – Matth. xii.
  18. The final trial of the human race, when God will decide the fate of every individual, and award sentence according to justice. For God shall bring every work into judgment, with even secret thing, whether it be good, or whether it be evil. – Eccles. xii. Judgment of God. Formerly this term was applied to extraordinary trials of secret crimes, as by arms and single combat, by ordeal, or hot plowshares, &c.; it being imagined that God would work miracles to vindicate innocence.


The last day, or day when final judgment will be pronounced on the subjects of God's moral government.


The hall where courts are held.


  1. The seat or bench on which judges sit in court.
  2. A court; a tribunal. We shall all stand before the judgment-seat of Christ. – Rom. xiv.


That may be tried and judged.


Having power to judge. – Hammond.


Dispensing justice.

JU'DI-CA-TO-RY, n. [L. judicatorium.]

  1. A court of justice; a tribunal. – Atterbury.
  2. Distribution of justice. – Clarendon.

JU'DI-CA-TURE, n. [Fr.]

  1. The power of distributing justice by legal trial and determination. A court of judicature is a court invested with powers to administer justice between man and man.
  2. A court of justice; a judicatory. – South.


  1. Pertaining to courts of justice; as, judicial power.
  2. Practiced in the distribution of justice; as, judicial proceedings.
  3. Proceeding from a court of justice; as, a judicial determination.
  4. Issued by a court under its seal; as, a judicial writ.
  5. Inflicted, as a penalty or in judgment; as, judicial hardness of heart; judicial punishment.