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In such a manner or way as to hinder. – Dr. Walker.

PRE-VEN'TION, n. [Fr.]

  1. The act of going before. [Obs.] – Bacon.
  2. Preoccupation; anticipation. [Little used.] – Hammond.
  3. The act of hindering; hinderance; obstruction of access or approach. Prevention of sin is one of the greatest mercies God can vouchsafe. – South.
  4. Prejudice; prepossession; a French sense, but not in use in English. – Dryden.


Tending to prevent. – Dict.


Tending to hinder; hindering the access of; as, a medicine preventive of disease. – Brown.


  1. That which prevents; that which intercepts the access or approach of. Temperance and exercise are excellent preventives of debility and languor.
  2. An antidote previously taken. A medicine maybe taken as a preventive of disease.


By way of prevention; in manner that tends to hinder.

PRE'VI-OUS, a. [L. prævisus; præ, before, and via, way, that is, a going, Sax. wæg.]

Going before in time; being or happening before something else; antecedent; prior; as, a previous intimation of a design; a previous notion; a previous event. Sound from the mountain, previous to the storm, / Rolls o'er the muttering earth. – Thomson.


In time preceding; beforehand; antecedently; as, a plan previously formed.


Antecedence; priority in time.

PRE-VI'SION, n. [s as z. L. prævisus, prævideo; præ, before, and video, to see.]

Foresight; foreknowledge; prescience. – Encyc.

PRE-WARN, v.t. [See Warn.]

To warn beforehand; to give previous notice of. – Beaum.


Given previous notice of.


Warning beforehand.

PREY, n. [L. præda; It. preda; Fr. proie; Arm. preyz or preih; D. prooi. In Welsh, praiz, Ir. preit, signifies booty or spoil of cattle taken in war, also a flock or herd; preiziaw, to herd, to collect a herd, to drive off or make booty of cattle.]

  1. Spoil; booty; plunder; goods taken by force from an enemy in war. And they brought the captives and the prey and the spoil to Moses and Eleazar the priest. – Num. xxxi. In this passage, the captives are distinguished from prey. But sometimes persons are included. They [Judah] shall become a prey and a spoil to all their enemies. – 2 Kings xxi.
  2. That which is seized or may be seized by violence to be devoured; ravine. The eagle and the hawk dart upon their prey. She sees herself the monster's prey. – Dryden. The old lion perisheth for lack of prey. – Job iv.
  3. Ravage; depredation. Hog in sloth, fox in stealth, lion in prey. – Shak. Animal or beast of prey, is a carnivorous animal; one that feeds on the flesh of other animals. The word is applied to the larger animals, as lions, tigers, hawks, vulturs, &c. rather than to insects; yet an insect feeding on other insects may be called an animal of prey.

PREY, v.i.

  1. To prey on or upon, is to rob; to plunder; to pillage.
  2. To feed by violence, or to seize and devour. The wolf preys on sheep; the hawk preys on chickens.
  3. To corrode; to waste gradually; to cause to pine away. Grief preys on the body and spirits; envy and jealousy prey on the health. Language is too faint to show / His rage of love; It preys upon his life; / He pines, he sickens, he despairs, he dies. – Addison.


He or that which preys; a plunderer; a waster; a devourer.

PREY-ING, ppr.

Plundering; corroding; wasting gradually.

PRI'A-PISM, n. [from Priapus.]

More or less permanent erection and rigidity of the penis, without concupiscence.

PRICE, n. [Fr. prix; It. prezzo; Sp. precio; Arm. pris; D. prys; G. preis; Dan. priis; W. pris or prid; prisiaw, to value, to apprize; pridiaw, to give a price, value or equivalent, to pawn, to ransom; L. pretium. See Praise.]

  1. The sum or amount of money at which a thing is valued, or the value which a seller sets on his goods in market. A man often sets a price on goods which he can not obtain, and often takes less than the price set.
  2. The sum or equivalent given for an article sold; as, the price paid for a house, an ox or watch.
  3. The current value or rate paid for any species of goods; as the market price of wheat.
  4. Value; estimation; excellence; worth. Who can find a virtuous woman? for her price is far above rubies. – Prov. xxxi.
  5. Reward; recompense. That vice may merit; 'tis the price of toil; / The knave deserves it when he tills the soil. – Pope. The price of redemption, is the atonement of Jesus Christ. – 1 Cor. vi. A price in the hands of a fool, the valuable offers of salvation, which he neglects. – Prov. xvii.

PRICE, v.t.

  1. To pay for. [Not in use.] – Spenser.
  2. To set a price on. [See Prize.]


A paper or table of the current prices of merchandise, stocks, specie, bills of exchange, rate of exchange, &c.


Set at a value; used in composition; as, high-priced, low-priced.


  1. Invaluable; too valuable to admit of a price. – Shak.
  2. Without value; worthless or unsalable. – J. Barlow.

PRI'CING, ppr.

Setting a price on; valuing.

PRICK, n. [Sax. pricca; Sw. prick or preka; tand-preka, a tooth-pick; Ir. prioca.]

  1. A slender pointed instrument or substance, which is hard enough to pierce the skin; a goad; a spur. It is hard for thee to kick against the pricks. – Acts ix.
  2. Sharp stinging pain; remorse. – Shak.
  3. A spot or mark at which archers aim. – Carew.
  4. A point; a fixed place. – Spenser.
  5. A puncture or place entered by a point. – Brown.
  6. The print of a hare on the ground.
  7. In seamen's language, a small roll; as, a prick of spun yarn; a prick of tobacco.