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PART-I-BIL'I-TY, n. [See Partible.]

Susceptibility of division, partition or severance; separability; as, the partibility of an inheritance.

PART'I-BLE, a. [It. partibile, partire, to part.]

Divisible; separable; susceptible of severance or partition; as, an estate of inheritance may be partible. – Blackstone.

PARTICEPS-CRIMINIS, n. [L. Particeps criminis.]

A partaker in a crime; an accomplice.

PAR-TIC'I-PA-BLE, a. [See Participate.]

That may be participated or shared. – Norris.

PAR-TIC'I-PANT, a. [See Participate.]

Sharing; having a share or part; followed by of. The prince saw he should confer with one participant of more than monkish speculations. – Wotton.


A partaker; one having a share or part. – Bacon.


In a participating manner.

PAR-TIC'I-PATE, v.i. [L. participo; pars, part, and capio, to take.]

  1. To partake; to have a share in common with others. The heart of sensibility participates in the sufferings of a friend. It is sometimes followed by of. He would participate of their wants. – Hayward.
  2. To have part of more things than one. Few creatures participate of the nature of plants and metals both. – Bacon.


To partake; to share; to receive a part of. Fellowship / Such as I seek, fit to participate / All rational delight. – Milton.


Shared in common with others; partaken.


Having a part or share; partaking.


  1. The state of sharing in common with others; as, a participation of joys or sorrows.
  2. The act or state of receiving or having part of something. Those deities are so by participation, and subordinate to the Supreme. – Stillingfleet.
  3. Distribution; division into shares. – Ralegh.


Capable of participating.


One who partakes with another.


One who participates; a participant. [1841 Addenda only.]

PAR-TI-CIP'I-AL, a. [L. participialis. See Participle.]

  1. Having the nature and use of a participle.
  2. Formed from a participle; as, a participial noun.


In the sense or manner of a participle.

PAR'TI-CI-PLE, n. [L. participium; from participo; pars, part, and capio, to take.]

  1. In grammar, a word so called because it partakes of the properties of a noun and of a verb; as having, making, in English; habens, faciens, in Latin. The English participles having, making, become nouns by prefixing the to them; as, the having of property; the making of instruments. But all participles do not partake of the properties of a noun, as the passive participles for example, had, made. Participles sometimes lose the properties of a verb and become adjectives; as, willing, in the phrase, a willing heart; engaging, as engaging manners; accomplished, as an accomplished orator.
  2. Any thing that participates of different things. [Not used.] – Bacon.

PAR'TI-CLE, n. [It. particola; Fr. particule; L. particula, from pars, part.]

  1. A minute part or portion of matter; as, a particle of sand, of lime or of light.
  2. In physics, a minute part of a body, an aggregation or collection of which constitutes the whole body or mass. The word is sometimes used in the same sense as atom, in the ancient Epicurean philosophy, and corpuscle in the latter. In this sense, particles are the elements or constituent parts of bodies. – Encyc.
  3. Any very small portion or part; as, he has not a particle of patriotism or virtue; he would not resign a particle of his property.
  4. In the Latin church, a crum or little piece of consecrated bread. – Encyc.
  5. In grammar, a word that is not varied or inflected; as a preposition. Organic particles, very minute moving bodies, perceptible only by the help of the microscope, discovered in the semen of animals. – Encyc.

PAR-TIC'U-LAR, a. [Sp. and Port. id.; It. particolare; Fr. particulier; Low L. particularus, from particula.]

  1. Pertaining to a single person or thing; not general; as, this remark has a particular application.
  2. Individual; noting or designating a single thing by way of distinction. Each plant has its particular nutriment. Most persons have a particular trait of character. He alludes to a particular person.
  3. Noting some property or thing peculiar. Of this prince there is little particular memory. – Bacon.
  4. Attentive to things single or distinct; minute. I have been particular in examining the reasons of this law.
  5. Single; not general.
  6. Odd; singular; having something that eminently distinguishes one from others.
  7. Singularly nice in taste; as, a man very particular in his diet or dress.
  8. Special; more than ordinary. He has brought no particular news.
  9. Containing a part only; as, a particular estate, precedent to the estate in remainder. – Blackstone.
  10. Holding a particular estate; as, a particular tenant. – Blackstone.


  1. A single instance; a single point. I must reserve some particulars, which it is not lawful for me to reveal. – Bacon.
  2. A distinct, separate or minute part; as, he told me all the particulars of the story. – Addison.
  3. An individual; a private person. – L'Estrange.
  4. Private interest; as, they apply their minds to those branches of public prayer, wherein their own particular is moved. [Not in use.] – Hooker.
  5. Private character; state of an individual. For his particular, I will receive him gladly. [Not in use.] – Shak.
  6. A minute detail of things singly enumerated. The reader has a particular of the books wherein this law was written. [Not in use.] – Ayliffe. In particular, specially; peculiarly; distinctly. This, in particular, happens to the lungs. – Blackmore.


The doctrine of particular election. – Murdock.


One who holds to the doctrine of God's particular decrees of salvation and reprobation.


  1. Distinct notice or specification of particulars. Even descending to particularities, what kingdoms he should overcome. – Sidney.
  2. Singleness; individuality; single act; single case. – Hooker.
  3. Petty account; minute incident. To see the titles that were most agreeable to such an emperor … with the like particularities. – Addison.
  4. Something belonging to single persons. – Shak.
  5. Something peculiar or singular. I saw an old heathen altar with this particularity, that it was hollowed like a dish at one end, but not the end on which the sacrifice was laid. – Addison.
  6. Minuteness in detail. He related the story with great particularity.


The act of particularizing.