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PAS'SY-MEAS-URE, n. [It. pasamezzo, middle pace or step.]

An old stately kind of dance; a cinque-pace. [Obs.] – Shak.

PAST, n.

Elliptically, past time; as, indemnity for the past. – Fenton.

PAST, pp. [of Pass.]

  1. Gone by or beyond; not present; not future.
  2. Spent; ended; accomplished.

PAST, prep.

  1. Beyond in time. – Heb. xi.
  2. Having lost; not possessing; as, he was past sense of feeling.
  3. Beyond; out of reach of; as, he was past cure or help. Love, when once part government, is consequently past shame. – L'Estrange.
  4. Beyond; further than; as, past the boundary.
  5. Above; more than. The northern Irish Scots have bows not past three quarters of a yard long. – Spenser. [Not now used.]
  6. After; beyond in time. The company assembled at half past seven, that is, at half an hour after seven.

PASTE, n. [Fr. pâte, for paste; It. and Sp. pasta. Qu. L. pistus, or Gr. πασσω, to sprinkle, or some root which signifies to mix and knead.]

  1. A soft composition of substances, as flour moistened with water or milk and kneaded, or any kind of earth moistened and formed to the consistence of dough. Paste made of flour is used in cookery; paste made of flour or earth is used in various arts and manufactures as a cement.
  2. An artificial mixture in imitation of precious stones or gems, used in the glass trade. – Encyc.
  3. In mineralogy, the mineral substance in which other minerals are imbedded.

PASTE, v.t.

To unite or cement with paste; to fasten with paste. – Watts.


A species of thick paper formed of several single sheets pasted one upon another, or by macerating paper and casting it in molds, &c. It is used for the covering of books, for bonnets, &c.

PAST'ED, pp.

Cemented with paste.


  1. A plant, the woad, of the genus Isatis. – Ed. Encyc. Ainsworth.
  2. A coloring substance. [Sp.]

PAS'TERN, n. [Fr. pâturon.]

  1. The part of a horse's leg between the joint next the foot and the coronet of the hoof. – Encyc.
  2. The human leg; in contempt. – Dryden.


The joint in a horse's leg next the foot.

PAS-TIC'CIO, n. [It.]

A medley; an olio. Swinburne.

PAS'TIL, n. [L. pastillus; It. pastiglia; Fr. pastille. See Paste.]

  1. A roll of paste, or a kind of paste made of different colors; ground with gum-water in order to make crayons. – Encyc.
  2. In pharmacy, a dry composition of sweet smelling resins, aromatic woods, &c. burnt to clear and scent the air of a room. – Encyc.

PAS'TIME, n. [pass and time.]

Sport; amusement; diversion; that which amuses and serves to make time pass agreeably. – Milton. Watts.

PAS'TIME, v.i.

To sport; to use diversion. [Little used.]

PAST'ING, ppr.

Cementing with paste.

PAS'TOR, n. [L. from pasco, pastum, to feed, Gr. βοσκω, W. pesgi, Arm. pasqa, Fr. paître, for paistre, like naître, from L. nasco; Russ. pastovuyu, pasu. It seems to be allied to bush, D. bosch, G. busch, Sw. buska, Dan. busk, as browse is to brush; It. brusca; Gr. βρωσκω.]

  1. A shepherd; one that has the care of flocks and herds. – Dryden.
  2. A minister of the Gospel who has the charge of a church and congregation, whose duty is to watch over the people of his charge, and instruct them in the sacred doctrines of the Christian religion. – South. Swift.

PAS'TO-RAL, a. [L. pastoralis.]

  1. Pertaining to shepherds; as, a pastoral life; pastoral manners.
  2. Descriptive of the life of shepherds; as, a pastoral poem.
  3. Relating to the care of souls, or to the pastor of a church; as, pastoral care or duties; a pastoral letter. – Hooker. Dryden. Piety is the life and soul of pastoral fidelity. – H. Humphrey.


A poem describing the life and manners of shepherds, or a poem in imitation of the action of a shepherd, and in which the speakers take upon themselves the character of shepherds; an idyl; a bucolic. – Pope. A pastoral is a poem in which any action or passion is represented by its effects on a country life. – Rambler.

PAS'TO-RA-LE, n. [It.]

A musical composition, generally in measures of 6/4 and 6/8 time, in a soothing, tender style.


The office, state or jurisdiction of a spiritual pastor. – President Stiles. Tooke.


Having no pastor.


Having no pastor. [1841 Addenda only.]


Becoming a pastor. – Wilton.


The office or rank of pastor. – Bull.