Dictionary: ARD'U-OUS-LY – A-RE-O-MET'RIC-AL

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ARD'U-OUS-LY, adv.

In an arduous manner; with laboriousness.


Highth; difficulty of execution.

ARE, n. [L. area.]

In France, a measure, the new square perch, containing a hundred square meters, a little less than two square perches of 22 feet, in the ancient measure. – Lunier.

A'RE, or AL-A-MIRE', n.

The lowest note, except one, in Guido's scale of music. – Shak.

ARE, v.

The plural of the substantive verb; but a different word from be, am or was. It is from the Sw. vara, Dan. varer, to be, to exist; v or w being lost. We are; ye or you are; they are; past tense plural, were. It is usually pronounced ar.

A'RE-A, n. [L. I suspect this to be contracted from Ch. אריגא, ariga, an area or bed; Heb. ערוגה; from a root which signifies to reach, stretch, lay or spread.]

  1. Any plain surface, as the floor of a room, of a church or other building, or of the ground.
  2. The space or site on which a building stands; or of any inclosure.
  3. In geometry, the superficial contents of any figure; the surface included within any given lines; as the area of a square or a triangle.
  4. Among physicians, baldness; an empty space; a bald space produced by alopecy; also a name of the disease. – Coxe. Parr.
  5. In mining, a compass of ore allotted to diggers. – Coxe.

A-READ', or A-REED', v.t. [Sax. aredan.]

To counsel; to advise. [Obs.] – Spenser.

A'RE-AL, a.

Pertaining to an area; as, areal interstices. – Barton.

A-REEK', adv.

In a reeking condition. [See Reek.] – Swift.

AR-E-FAC'TION, n. [L. arefacio, to dry, from areo.]

The act of drying; the state of growing dry. – Bacon.

AR'E-FY, v.t.

To dry or make dry. – Bacon.

A-RE'NA, n. [L. arena, sand.]

  1. An open space of ground, strewed with sand, on which the gladiators, in ancient Rome, exhibited shows of fighting for the amusement of spectators. Hence, a place for public exhibition. – Adam's Rom. Ant. Ray.
  2. Among physicians, sand or gravel in the kidneys.
  3. The middle of a temple or inclosed place.

AR-E-NA'CEOUS, a. [From arena, sand.]

  1. Sandy; having the properties of sand. – Woodward.
  2. Brittle; as, arenaceous limestone. – Kirwan.


Among physicians, a sand bath; a sprinkling of hot sand upon a diseased person. – Coxe.


In mineralogy, another name of epidote, or pistacite]; epidote being the name given to it by Haüy, and pistacite by Werner. [See Epidote.]

AR-EN-DA'TOR, a. [Russ. arenda, a farm. Qu. Sp. arrendar, to rent.]

In Livonia, and other provinces of Russia, a farmer of the farms or rents; one who contracts with the crown for the rents of the farms. He who rents an estate belonging to the crown, is called Crown-arendator. Arende is a term used both for the estate let to farm, and the sum for which it is rented. – Tooke's Russ. ii, 288.

A-REN-I-LIT'IC, a. [arena, sand, and λιθος, a stone.]

Pertaining to sandstone; consisting of sandstone; as, arenilitic mountains. – Kirwan.

AR-E-NOSE', a.

Sandy; full of sand. – Johnson.


Full of small sand.

AR-E'O-LAR, a.

Pertaining to an areola. – Lawrence.


In entomology, divided into small spaces.


A small space, distinctly bounded by something different in color, texture, &c., as the spaces of parenchyma in leaves bounded by veins.

AR'E-OLE, or AR-E'O-LA, n. [L.]

The colored circle round the nipple, or round a pustule. – Encyc. Coxe.

A-RE-OM'E-TER, n. [Gr. αραιος, rare, thin, and μετρεω, to measure.]

An instrument for measuring the specific gravity of liquids. – Fourcroy.


Pertaining to an areometer.