Dictionary: AD-JOIN' – AD-JUNC'TIVE

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AD-JOIN', v.i.

To lie or be next to, or in contact; to be contiguous; as, a farm adjoining to the highway. This is the common use of the word, and to is often omitted; as, adjoining the highway.

AD-JOIN', v.t. [Fr. adjoindre; L. adjungo, ad and jungo. See Join.]

To join or unite to; to put to, by placing in contact; to unite, by fastening together with a joint, mortise, or knot. But in these transitive senses, it is rarely used. [See Join.]


Contiguous to. [Not used.] – Carew.


Joined to; united.


Joining to; adjacent; contiguous.

AD-JOURN', v.i.

To suspend business for a time; as, from one day to another, or for a longer period, usually public business, as of legislatures and courts, for repose or refreshment; as, Congress adjourned at four o'clock. It is also used for the act of closing the session of a public body; as, the court adjourned without day. It was moved that parliament should adjourn for six weeks. – Select Speeches, vol. v, 403.

AD-JOURN', v.t. [adjurn'; Fr. ajourner, from journée, a day, or day's work, or journey; It. giorno. See Journal, Journey.]

Literally, to put off, or defer to another day; but now used to denote a formal intermission of business, a putting off to any future meeting of the same body, and appropriately used of public bodies or private commissioners, intrusted with business; as, the court adjourned the consideration of the question.


  1. Put off, delayed, or deferred for a limited time.
  2. As an adjective, existing or held by adjournment; as, an adjourned session of a court, opposed to stated or regular.


Deferring; suspending for a time; closing a session.


  1. The act of adjourning; as, in legislatures, the adjournment of one House is not an adjournment of the other.
  2. The putting off till another day or time specified, or without day; that is, the closing of a session of a public or official body.
  3. The time or interval during which a public body defers business; as, during an adjournment. But a suspension of business, between the forming of a House and an adjournment for refreshment, is called a recess. In Great Britain, the close of a session of parliament is called a prorogation; as the close of a parliament is a dissolution. But in Great Britain, as well as in the United States, adjournment is now used for an intermission of business for any indefinite time; as, an adjournment of parliament for six weeks. – Select Speeches, vol. v. 404.

AD-JUDG'E, v.t. [Fr. adjuger, from juge, judge. See Judge.]

To decide, or determine, in the case of a controverted question; to decree by a judicial opinion; used appropriately of courts of law and equity; as, the case was adjudged in Hilary term; the prize was adjudged to the victor; a criminal was adjudged to suffer death. It has been used in the sense of to judge; as, he adjudged him unworthy of his friendship. But this sense is unusual.

AD-JUD'G-ED, pp.

Determined by judicial opinion; decreed; sentenced.

AD-JUD'G-ING, ppr.

Determining by judicial opinion; sentencing.


The act of judging; sentence. – Temple.


To try and determine upon judicially; as, the court adjudicated upon the case.

AD-JU'DI-CATE, v.t. [L. adjudico, to give sentence. See Judge.]

To adjudge; to try and determine, as a court. [It has the sense of adjudge.]


Adjudged; tried and decided.


Adjudging; trying and determining.


  1. The act of adjudging; the act or process of trying and determining judicially; as, a ship was taken and sent into port for adjudication.
  2. A judicial sentence; judgment or decision of a court. Whose families were parties to some of the former adjudications. – Blackstone.
  3. In Scots law, an action by which a creditor attaches the heritable estate of his debtor, or his debtor's heir, in payment or security of his debt; or an action by which the holder of a heritable right, laboring under a defect in point of form, may supply that defect. – Encyc.

AD'JU-MENT, n. [L. adjumentum.]

Help; support. [Not used.]


Added to or united with; as, an adjunct professor.

AD'JUNCT, n. [L. adjunctus, joined, from adjungo. See Join.]

  1. Something added to another, but not essentially a part of it; as, water absorbed by a cloth or spunge is its adjunct. Also a person joined to another.
  2. In metaphysics, a quality of the body or the mind, whether natural or acquired; as color, in the body; thinking, in the mind.
  3. In grammar, words added to illustrate or amplify the force of other words; as, the History of the American revolution. The words in Italics are the adjuncts of History.
  4. In music, the word is employed to denominate the relation between the principal mode and the modes of its two fifths. – Encyc. The adjunct deities, among the Romans, were inferior deities, which were added as assistants to the principal gods; as Bellona, to Mars; to Vulcan, the Cabiri; to the Good Genius, the Lares; to the Evil, the Lemures. In the royal academy of sciences at Paris, the adjuncts are certain members attached to the study of particular sciences. They are twelve in number, created in 1716. – Encyc. Adjunct has been used for a colleague, but rarely. – Wotton.


The act of joining; the thing joined.


Joining; having the quality of joining.


That which is joined.