Dictionary: AP'O-GRAPH – AP-O-PLEC'TIC

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AP'O-GRAPH, n. [Gr. απογραφον; απογραφω.]

An exemplar; a copy or transcript. – Ash.

A-POL-LI-NA'RI-AN, a. [From Apollo.]

The Apollinarian games, a Roman antiquity, were celebrated in honor of Apollo; instituted A. R. 542, after the battle of Cannæ. They were merely scenical, with exhibitions of music, dances, and various mountebank tricks. – Encyc.


in Church history, a sect, deriving their name from Apollinaris, bishop of Laodicea, in the 4th century, who denied the proper humanity of Christ; maintaining that his body was endowed with a sensitive, and not with a rational soul; and that the divine nature supplied the place of the intellectual principle in man. – Encyc. Hooker. Apollo-Belvidere, an ancient statue of the first class in excellence.

A-POLL'YON, n. [Gr. απολλυων, destroying.]

The destroyer; a name used, Rev. ix. 11, for the angel of the bottomless pit, answering to the Hebrew Abaddon.

A-POL-O-GET'IC, or A-POL-O-GET'IC-AL, a. [Gr. απολογεομια, to speak in defense of; απο and λογος, speech.]

Defending by words or arguments; excusing; said or written in defense, or by way of apology; as, an apologetic essay. – Boyle.


By way of apology or excuse.

A-POL'O-GIST, n. [See Apology.]

One who makes an apology; one who speaks or writes in defense of another.

A-POL'O-GIZE, v.i.

To make an apology; to write or speak in favor of; or to make excuse for; followed by for; as, my correspondent apologized for not answering my letter.


One who makes an apology, or defends.

AP'O-LOGUE, n. [ap'olog; Gr. απολογος, a long speech, a fable.]

A moral fable; a story or relation of fictitious events, intended to convey useful truths. An apologue differs from a parable in this; the parable is drawn from events which pass among mankind, and is therefore supported by probability; an apologue may be founded on supposed actions of brutes or inanimate things, and therefore does not require to be supported by probability. Esop's fables are good examples of apologues. – Encyc.

A-POL'O-GY, n. [Gr. απολογια, of απο and λογος, discourse.]

An excuse; something said or written in defense or extenuation of what appears to others wrong, or unjustifiable; or of what may be liable to disapprobation. It may be an extenuation of what is not perfectly justifiable, or a vindication of what is or may be disapproved, but which the apologist deems to be right. A man makes an apology for not fulfilling an engagement, or for publishing a pamphlet. An apology then is a reason or reasons assigned for what is wrong or may appear to be wrong, and it may be either an extenuation or a justification of something that is or may be censured, by those who are not acquainted with the reasons.

A-PO-ME-COM'E-TRY, n. [Gr. απο, μηκος, distance, and μετρον, measure.]

The art of measuring things distant.

A-PO-NEU-RO'SIS, or A-PO-NEU'RO-SY, n. [Gr. απο, from, and νευρον, a nerve; W. nerth; Arm. nerz; See Nerve.]

An expansion of a tendon in the manner of a membrane; the tendinous expansion or fascia of muscles; the tendon or tail of a muscle. – Encyc. Coxe.

AP-O-PEMP'TIC, a. [Gr. απο, from and πεμπω, to send.]

Denoting a song or hymn among the ancients, sung or addressed to a stranger, on his departure from a place to his own country. It may be used as a noun for the hymn. – Encyc.

A-POPH'A-SIS, n. [Gr. απο, from, and φασις, form of speech.]

In rhetoric, a waiving or omission of what one, speaking ironically, would plainly insinuate; as, “I will not mention another argument, which, however, if I should, you could not refute.” – Smith. Johnson.

A-PO-PHLEG-MAT'IC, a. [Gr. απο, from, and φλεγμα, phlegm.]

Masticatory; having the quality of exciting discharges of phlegm from the mouth or nostrils.


A masticatory; a medicine which excites discharges of phlegm from the mouth or nostrils. – Coxe.


An apophlegmatic. – Bacon.


An apophlegmatic. – Quincy. Coxe.

AP'OPH-THEGM, or AP'O-THEM, n. [Gr. απο, from, and φθεγμα, word. It would be eligible to reduce this harsh word to apothem.]

A remarkable saying; a short, sententious, instructive remark, uttered on a particular occasion, or by a distinguished character; as that of Cyrus, “He is unworthy to be a magistrate, who is not better than his subjects;” or that of Cato, “Homines nihil agendo, discunt male agere,” Men by doing nothing, soon learn to do mischief.

A-POPH'Y-GE, or A-POPH'Y-GY, n. [Gr. απο, from, and φυγη, flight.]

  1. 1. In architecture, the part of a column, where it springs out of its base; originally a ring, or ferrule to bind the extremities of columns, and keep them from splitting; afterwards imitated in stone pillars. It is sometimes called the spring of the column. – Chambers.
  2. A concave part or ring of a column, lying above or below the flat member, called by the French le congé d'en bas, or d'en haut; by the Italians, cavo di basso, or di sopra; also, il vivo di basso. – Encyc.

A-POPH'YL-LITE, n. [Gr. απο, from, and φυλλον, a leaf; so called because of its tendency to exfoliate.]

A mineral occurring in laminated masses, or in regular prismatic crystals, having a strong and peculiar pearly luster. Its structure is foliated, and when a fragment is forcibly rubbed against a hard body, it separates into thin lamins, like selenite. It exfoliates also before the flame of a lamp. From its peculiar luster, it is sometimes called by the harsh name, ichthyophthalmite, fish-eye stone. – Cleaveland.

APOPH'Y-SIS, or A-POPH'Y-SY, n. [Gr. απο, from, and φυσις, growth.]

The projecting soft end or protuberance of a bone; a process of a bone. – Quincy. Encyc. Coxe.

AP-O-PLEC'TIC, or AP-O-PLEC'TIC-AL, a. [See Apoplexy.]

Pertaining to or consisting in apoplexy, as an apoplectic fit; or predisposed to apoplexy, as an apoplectic habit of body.


A person affected with apoplexy. – Knatchbull.