Dictionary: AN-FRAC'TU-OUS – AN'GER

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AN-FRAC'TU-OUS, a. [L. anfractus, of amb, about, and fractus, broken. See Break.]

Winding; full of windings and turnings; written less correctly, anfractuose. – Ray.


A state of being full of windings and turnings.


A mazy winding.

AN-GA-RI-A'TION, n. [L. angario; Gr. αγγαρευω, to compel; a word of Persian origin.]

Compulsion; exertion. [Not used.]


AN'GEL, a.

Resembling angels; angelic; as, angel whiteness. – Shak.

AN'GEL, n.1 [L. angelus; Gr. αγγελος, a messenger, from αγγελλω, to tell or announce; Ir. agalla, agallaim, to speak or tell; from the root of call, or of Ar. قَالَ‎‎ kaula, to say, to tell. Sax. angel; Ir. aingeal, or aingiol; D. G. Sw. Dan. engel; Sp. angel; It. angelo; Port. anjo; Fr. ange; Russ. angel.]

  1. Literally, a messenger; one employed to communicate news or information from one person to another at a distance. But appropriately,
  2. A spirit, or a spiritual intelligent being employed by God to communicate his will to man. Hence angels are ministers of God, and ministering spirits. – Heb. i.
  3. In a bad sense, an evil spirit; as, the angel of the bottomless pit. – Matth. xxv. 1 Cor. vi. Rev. ix.
  4. Christ, the mediator and head of the church. – Rev. x.
  5. A minister of the gospel, who is an embassador of God. – Rev. ii. and iii.
  6. Any being whom God employs to execute his judgments. – Rev. xvi. Cruden.
  7. In the style of love, a very beautiful person. – Shak.

AN'GEL, n.2

A fish found on the coast of Carolina, of the Thoracic order and genus Chaetodon. It has a small projecting mouth; the lamins above the gills are armed with cerulean spines; the body, a foot in length, appears as if cut off; and waved, and covered with large green scales. – Pennant from Catesby.

AN'GEL, n.3

A gold coin formerly current in England, bearing the figure of an angel. Skinner says this device was impressed upon it in allusion to an observation of Pope Gregory the Great, who, seeing some beautiful English youths in the market at Rome, asked who they were; being told they were Angli, English, he replied, they ought rather to be called angeli, angels. This coin had different values under different princes; but is now an imaginary sum or money of account, implying ten shillings sterling. – Encyc.


The existence or state of angels. – Beaumont, &c.


A species of shark, the Squalus squatina. It is from six to eight feet long, with a large head, teeth broad at the base, but slender and sharp above, disposed in five rows, all around the jaws. The fish takes its name from its pectoral fins, which are very large, and extend horizontally, like wings when spread. This fish connects genus of Rays, with that of Sharks, partaking of the characters of both; but it differs from both in this, that its mouth is placed at the extremity of the head. – Encyc.

AN-GEL'IC, or AN-GEL'IC-AL, a. [L. angelicus.]

Resembling angels; belonging to angels, or partaking of their nature; suiting the nature and dignity of angels.


A plant, a genus of Digynian Pentanders, containing several species. – Encyc.


Like an angel.


The quality of being angelic; excellence more than human.


in Church history, so called from Angelicum in Alexandria, where they held their first meetings; a sect of heretics near the close of the 5th century, who held the persons of the Trinity not to be the same, nor to exist by their own nature; but each to be a God, existing by participating of a deity common to them all. They are called also Severites, from Severus, their head; and Theodosians, from one Theodosius, whom they made their Pope. – Encyc.


Resembling or having the manners of angels.

AN-GEL-OL'O-GY, n. [Angel and λογος.]

A discourse on angels; or the doctrine of angelic beings. – Ch. Spectator.

AN'GEL-OT, n. [Fr. anche, the reed of a hautboy or other instrument of music.]

  1. An instrument of music, somewhat resembling a lute. – Johnson.
  2. An ancient English coin struck at Paris while under the dominion of England; so called from the figure of an angel supporting the escutcheon of the arms of England or France. Also, a small rich sort of cheese made in Normandy. – Encyc.


Peopled with angels. – Jewsbury.

AN'GEL-SHOT, n. [Fr. ange, a chain-shot.]

Chain-shot, being two halves of a cannon-ball fastened to the ends of a chain.


Welcome by angels. – Bowring.


Winged like angels. – Thomson.


The worshiping of angels. – Trapp.

AN'GER, n. [L. ango, to choke, strangle, vex; whence angor, vexation, anguish, the quinsy, angina. Gr. αγχω, to strangle, to strain or draw together, to vex. The primary sense is to press, squeeze, make narrow; Gr. αγχι, near; Sax. enge; G. enge; D. Dan. eng, narrow, strait; W. ing. This word may be connected in origin with the Ar. حَنِقَ hanika, to be angry, and خَنَقَ chanaka, to strangle; Heb. Ch. Syr. Eth. חנק, to strangle. In Sax. ange signifies vexed; angmod, sad, anxious; ang-set, a carbuncle; angsum, pressed close; anxsumian, to vex, to make anxious; Eng. anguish, anxious; L. angustus, angina, &c. See Anguish.]

  1. A violent passion of the mind excited by a real or supposed injury; usually accompanied with a propensity to take vengeance, or to obtain satisfaction from the offending party. This passion however varies in degrees of violence, and in ingenuous minds, may be attended only with a desire to disprove or chide the offender. Anger is also excited by an injury offered to a relation, friend or party to which one is attached; and some degrees of it may be excited by cruelty, injustice or oppression offered to those with whom one has no immediate connection, or even to the community of which one is a member. Nor is it unusual to see something of this passion roused by gross absurdities in others, especially in controversy or discussion. Anger may be inflamed till it rises to rage and a temporary delirium.
  2. Pain; smart of a sore or swelling: the literal sense of the word, but little used.